Abstract:Sensor development researchers and engineers have perpetually sought novel methods to reduce sensor size and improve performance. Continued miniaturization of sensors through micromachining has enabled novel applications and introduced new paradigms for engineered systems to interact with the world.… more
Abstract:This proposal addresses the challenge of providing weather and climate information to support the operation, management and planning for wind-energy systems. There is a growing need for extended range forecast information as wind power increases its penetration into the grid. Future scenarios on… more
Abstract:Unprecedented reserves of natural gas have recently been unlocked from previously uneconomical shale formations in the United States, leading to a rapid decline in the price of this fossil fuel energy source. In the U.S., natural gas vehicle utilization has been limited by several factors, including… more
Abstract:The neurocognitive health of U.S. service members plays a vital role in the defense of the United States. It is critical to a service member"s effectiveness, to force readiness, and it is a key component of a service member"s successful reintegration into family life and society following… more
Abstract:This project will develop SciSkillQuest, a web-based multiplayer game intended to teach middle school students scientific inquiry skills and to foster academic growth mindsets in science. Students will pursue quests, employing inquiry skills to navigate and succeed in the game, including Questioning… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: We propose to develop and demonstrate a rapid store trajectory analysis tool that uses pre-computed, highly-resolved Detached Eddy Simulation (DES) Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) data which has been compressed and stored in an easily reusable and distributable format. The tool will… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The Air Force has identified the need to improve satellite communications by increasing bandwidth, yet seeks to accomplish this without increasing the antenna payload footprint and without introducing vulnerability to transmission interference or jamming. One mature and popular… more
Abstract:The project team is developing a prototype of the Readorium Rising Reader, a web-based game for students in grades 3 to 5 intended to strengthen reading comprehension of non-fiction science text. The game will provide students with strategies to use as they construct meaning and decipher new… more
Abstract:The project team is developing a prototype of a web-based intervention for pre-kindergarten and kindergarten students to prepare for the transition to grade school. The product will support students as they create stories using a step-by-step scripted interactive process. The stories will focus on… more
Abstract:Hall of Heroes will be a web-based game for fifth graders to engage with pedagogical agents (animated life-like characters) to solve tailored social problem solving tasks and build social skills to use in challenging situations. Instructional content will focus on six core Social Skill Units… more
Abstract:This project team will develop a web-based product to engage 11th and 12th grade high school students with HF-ASD in a self-paced online interactive course to learn about the transition to college, learn specific resilience strategies for coping with the transition to college, and to practice… more
Abstract:There is growing interest in computerized systems to increase accessibility of assessments for students with disabilities. Technology offers an ideal platform for implementing Universal Design (UD) principles for assessment to better accommodate student diversity and support broad student… more
Abstract:Marine mammals like bottlenose dolphins are maintained by US Navy's Marine Mammal Program to protect harbors and detect underwater mines. The maintenance and betterment of health of these dolphins in captivity is a priority in order to improve the fitness and readiness of these animals for… more
Abstract:Our Fused-Realities-Assessments-Modules(FRAM) enables innovative new levels and types of automated quantification strategies for combining human and system performance in real-time for fused performance monitoring and after-action-review purposes. FRAM accomplishes this by fusing output of normative… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Landing gear systems are one of the more problematic subsystems on USAF aircraft. The most common landing gear failures are caused by mis-servicing of the gear, resulting in much higher loads (even for a"normal"landing events or cause excessive fatigue damage than originally… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Amorphous composite (AC) coatings are an alternative coating material to the existing High Velocity Oxygen Fuel (HVOF) Tungsten Carbide Cobalt and Tungsten Carbide Cobalt Chrome (WC-Co and WC-Co-Cr). The purpose of AC coatings are to eliminate spalling on Low and High Strength Steel (LSS… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Temperature control has been a major concern during High Velocity Oxygen Fuel (HVOF) processing since its introduction to the aerospace industry. Typically, substrate temperature must not exceed 300oF to prevent heat damage/ tempering of steel alloys, and even lower temperature… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Electrolytic Hard Chrome (EHC) has been used in both civilian and military aerospace as the hard wear resistant coating of choice for both high strength and low strength steels. Due to tighter regulations there is a current requirement to eliminate the use of EHC on landing gear… more
Abstract:Atmospheric nucleation processes produce large numbers of particles. Once formed, these particles grow rapidly and may alter the formation and lifetime of clouds, and thereby influence the earths radiation balance. Rapid growth of newly formed particles has been observed in many locations, but it is… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Proposed is a miniature sensor for real time measurement of nano-particle number concentration, surface area and size distributions, and for time- and size-resolved collection of these particles for off-line analysis. This instrument combines two novel technologies: (1) a self-sustaining… more
Abstract:In this project we will determine the feasibility of using motion from respiration to generate power for the circuits necessary to acquire and wireless transmit heart rate and respiration rate to a nearby receiver. Power generation will be based on electromagnetic induction. Circuitry will consist… more
Abstract:This work directly addresses a technology of interest listed in Section 9, sub-section H1.01 In-Situ Resource Utilization, specifically "Highly efficient reactors for carbon monoxide/carbon dioxide (CO/CO2) conversion into methane (CH4)."The proposal will investigate combining recent work… more
Abstract:The goal of this Phase I SBIR proposal is to develop and evaluate a new antimicrobial coating to augment infection control in medical care settings. Laboratory and clinical studies have shown that bacteria can survive for weeks on items found in hospital patient rooms. Such items and are believed to… more
Abstract:The United States is currently faced with unprecedented energy challenge. Petroleum prices have skyrocketed due to rising competition for energy resources from emerging economies. There is a significant need for processes that can produce hydrocarbons from renewable resources rather than petroleum.… more
Abstract:Computer simulations of multi-phase flows are important for many applications. In the proposed work, we plan to advance Eulerian-Lagrangian methods by using Adaptive Mesh Refinement for multi-scale resolutions, and CPU-GPU parallelization to drastically reduce computing time. Eulerian-Lagrangian… more
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