Abstract:THIS PROPOSAL DESCRIBES THE PHASE I DEVELOPMENT WORK FOR AN OPTICAL FIBER WHICH HAS PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS ENHANCED FOR MILITARY APPLICATIONS. FUTURE MILITARY APPLICATIONS WILL BE RESEARCHED TO DETERMINE THE TYPE OF FIBER WHICH WILL BE IN GREATEST DEMAND. PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS DESIRED FOR… more
Abstract:IN 1987 RUTGERS PROFESSORS COMPLETED KEY RESEARCH ON SINGLE CLUSTER TOMATO PRODUCTION. THE RESULTS INDICATE THIS COUNTER INTUITIVE (I.E.; INNOVATIVE) IDEA CAN REVOLUTIONIZE TOMATO GROWING IN GREENHOUSES TO SUPPLY VINE RIPENED TOMATOES YEAR AROUND AT AN ATTRACTIVE PRICE. THE CURRENT TOMATO GROWING… more
Abstract:ARMY NATICK RESEARCH HAS FOUND THAT A SUPERACTIVATED CARBON WITH BET SURFACE AREAS GREATER THAN 3000 METERS SQUARED PER GRAM HAS POTENTIAL APPLICATION IN THE PRODUCTION OF SUPERIOR CHEMICAL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT FOR BATTLEFIELD PERSONNEL. THIS CARBON, ORIGINALLY DEVELOPED BY AMOCO CORPORATION, IS… more
Abstract:INADEQUATE STUDENT PERFORMANCE AND A LACK OF QUALIFIED TEACHERS HAVE BEEN IDENTIFIED AS PROBLEMS IN SCIENCE AND MATH EDUCATION. MICROCOMPUTER-BASED LABORATORIES (MBLS) WERE DEVELOPED TO GIVE STUDENTS A HANDS-ON LEARNING METHOD AND HAVE BEEN SHOWN TO IMPROVE STUDENT PERFORMANCE. ELECTRONIC… more
Abstract:1The current practice of disposal of propellant wastes by open pit burning is of increasing enviromental concern. However, no economica viable alternatives have yet been proven. The ARCTECH proposed approach is to develop an integrated technology combining leaching of the waste reclamation of… more
Abstract:IN THIS PHASE I EFFORT, WE WILL DEMONSTRATE THE ABILITY TO SCALE UP THE PRODUCTION OF A LEAD LIPOSOMAL FORMULATION CANDIDATE OF ACYLATED, LIPOPHILIC RHUTNF. WE WILL SUBJECT THE BACTERIAL RECOMBINANT PROTEIN TO ACYLATION WITH THE N-HYDROXYSUCCUNIMIDE ESTER OF CAPRYLIC ACID (C3) TO ACHIEVE LIMITED… more
Abstract:MITOCHONDRIAL RESPIRATION INHIBITION IN TUMOR CELLS MAY OCCUR IN TWO MANNERS. ONE MECHANISM INVOLVES THE SYNTHESIS OF NITRIC OXIDE (NO) BY MACROPHAGES OR IFN-GAMMA MEDIATED INDUCTION OF NO SYNTHESIS IN TUMOR CELLS. WE HAVE RECENTLY ESTABLISHED A MURINE MACROPHAGE CELL LINE, EA13.5, THAT RELEASES A… more
Abstract:COMMERCIAL AND GOVERNMENT SPACE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS DEPEND ON GROUND SUPPORT FOR NAVIGATION. THE GROUND SOLUTION CAN BE COSTLY AND MAY PROVIDE LESS ACCURACY THAN NEEDED. A GPS-BASED REAL-TIME AUTONOMOUS SPACECRAFT NAVIGATION SYSTEM IS PROPOSED. AN ALGORITHM WILL BE DEVELOPED WHICH COMBINES… more
Abstract:THE OBJECTIVE IS TO DESIGN AND FABRICATE A PROOF-OF-CONCEPT MODEL OF A NOVEL SIX DEGREES-OF-FREEDOM TRACKING DEVICE FOR MEASURING THE POSITION AND ORIENTATION OF A HEAD OR HAND IN AN AUGMENTED REALITY ENVIRONMENT. THE FEASIBILITY MODEL TO BE BUILT IN PHASE I WILL DEMONSTRATE GREATLY REDUCED… more
Abstract:A NOVEL GAS SEPARATION METHOD IS PROPOSED BASED ON COMPOSITE MEMBRANE UTILIZING NEWLY DISCOVERED FULLERENES. THIS NEW MEMBRANE WILL ALLOW GAS SEPARATION OVER A WIDE RANGE OF TEMPERATURES WITH EXTREME SELECTIVITY, AND AT HIGHER FLUX THAN PRESENTLY CAN BE ACHIEVED. THE NEW MEMBRANE MATERIAL IS… more
Abstract:THE DETECTION OF AUTOANTIBODIES IN THE LIVER DISEASES PBC, PSC AND CAH MAY SERVE AS A DIAGNOSTIC IN ASSESSING THE SEVERITY AND/OR PROGRESSION OF DISEASE. IN PHASE I WE PLAN TO DEVELOP ENZYME-BASED IMMUNOASSAYS (EIAS) FOR THE DETECTION OF AUTOANTIBODIES ASSOCIATED WITH PBC. WE PLAN TO USE THE… more
Abstract:MUCH INFORMATION IS PUBLISHED AND STORED ON NATIONAL NETWORKS IN THE FORM OF ELECTRONIC DOCUMENTS. CURRENT INDEXING TECHNOLOGY DOES NOT EFFECTIVELY EXTRACT THE CONTENTS OF THESE DOCUMENTS. AS A RESULT, PEOPLE CANNOT EASILY FIND SOURCE DOCUMENTS THEY NEED. WE PLAN TO DEVELOP A SYSTEM WHICH WILL… more
Abstract:Astralux will develop IV-II-VI compound semiconductors by synthesizing compounds and characterizing their properties as a function of the deposition parameters. The material will be a combination of lattice-matched semiconductors that will be generated as alloys and superlattices. Electronic and… more
Abstract:SOLAR CELLS ARE BEING FABRICATED USING THIN FILMS OF SILICON ON INEXPENSIVE, FLEXIBLE CLOTH SUBSTRATES. PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES FABRICATED WITH THESE STRUCTURES CAN DEMONSTRATE THE HIGH PERFORMANCE OF CRYSTALLINE SILICON WITH THE LIGHT WEIGHT OF THIN FILM SOLAR CELLS. THE RESULT IS A SOLAR CELL THAT… more
Abstract:AstroPower is developing a highly sensitive UV detector based on epitaxial AlGaP/GaP heterostructures, a promising new material system for ultraviolet detectors. Detecting ultraviolet light is important to spectrophotometry, astronomy, high-energy physics, medicine, UV curing, photoresist exposure,… more
Abstract:AstroPower is developing a new process for the growth of large area, thin film 3C-SiC using a proprietary deposition technique followed by liquid phase epitaxy (LPE). Successful development of the growth process will provide high quality, thin film SiC in typical silicon wafer areas, allowing… more
Abstract:AstroPower will develop a two-junction monolithic tandem solar cell composed of (AlxGa1-x)0.51 In(0.49)P, which is lattice matched to GaAs, as the top cell in a three-junction, two-terminal tandem solar cell. This new tunable bandgap Al-Ga-In-P material is capable of current matching in a… more
Abstract:1 New concepts in optical computing and optical interconnects require hardware developments of generic, compact, multi-element LED source array. A two dementional array of individually-addressable Light-emitting Diode optical emitters will be developed. An innovative CVD/LPE heteropitaxy technique… more
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