Abstract:65104 Improvements in the heat transfer coefficient of fluids in thermally-based energy systems can lead to increased conversion efficiencies, lower pollution, and decreased operating costs, as well as facilitate the miniaturization of energy systems. Nanofluids, liquids that contain dispersed… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will synthesize boron nitride nanotubes by a continuous pyrolysis method that can be readily scaled to produce industrial quantities at reasonable costs. Intensive research is being conducted on single-walled carbon nanotubes (C-SWNTs)… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I Project will develop improved monolithic carbon electrodes for capacitive deionization. Capacitive deionization is a new technology being developed for the purification of ocean and brackish well water. A constant voltage is applied and soluble… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovative Research Program (SBIR) Phase I involving Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells offers a unique opportunity to create zero and ultra-low emission vehicles. While current nickel or noble metal catalysts used in the reformer of PEM fuel cells are effective for the… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop printable, soluble conducting polymers that can be crosslinked using ultra violet light. These printable, conducting polymers can be printed using photolithography into thin films with 2-dimensional features ranging from… more
Abstract:Horizontal external surfaces on military and civil aircraft are usually treated with non-slip coatings to provide a safe pathway for maintenance personnel walking on with tools and equipment during service and repair. Current non-slip treatments are heavyand degrade the aerodynamic performance of… more
Abstract:Pulse detonation engines (PDE) are a revolutionary approach to airbreathing propulsion and have the potential to increase range and thrust. Demonstrating rapid deflagration-to-detonation in a PDE combustor using storable, liquid hydrocarbon fuels isessential to their successful development. … more
Abstract:NASAÂ¿s objective for affordable access to space requires inexpensive production of rocket fuel. The key to achieving this objective is the production of hydrogen, since hydrogen accounts for more than 80% of the fuel cost. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA), collaborating with Louisiana State University… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION: Clinical studies have shown that electrical stimulation can
accelerate the healing of bone fractures, superficial wounds, and nerve damage.
The development of conducting biomaterials that can be used to deliver electric
stimuli to cultured cells is, therefore, of… more
Abstract:A newly discovered class of nanoscale materials, the metal-carbon nanoencapsulates,
has considerable potential to improve on current molecular-based MRI contrast
enhancing agents. Metal-carbon nanoencapsulates are 2 nm diameter and larger
particles in which graphitic carbon layers encase single… more
Abstract:Some older turbojet engines have had trouble with engine start at low ambient temperatures since the change in logistic fuel from JP-4 to JP-8. This engine starting difficulty can seriously affect force readiness in time critical operations. Our analysisindicates that this lightoff problem is… more
Abstract:Defense against chemical weapons is a critical DOD requirement. An effective defense requires the development of unique clothing systems that are a physical barrier to toxic vapors, liquids, and aerosols. In addition, the protective material must bepermeable to water to reduce incapacitating heat… more
Abstract:During the SBIR N99-106 Phase I effort, Trident examined the capabilities of several wearable computers and extensively evaluated an example system (Xybernaut Mobile Assistant IV) to determine the suitability and applicability of wearable computers forsubmarine maintenance and operation. Phase I… more
Abstract:Communication and wireless network technology has advanced to the state whereportable computing devices have proliferated to enable ubiquitous computing.Similarly, Internet and collaboration technologies have grown tremendously. Thereremain significant obstacles, however, to integrate wireless and… more
Abstract:In order to expand the utility of unmanned ground vehicles in today's military, anumber of practical hurdles must be overcome. Better navigation aids must beprovided, and in a way that fits into the current communications infrastructure.The current DoD Standard Teleoperation Kit (STK), which allows… more
Abstract:The goal of the FPGA FOPEN SAR digital processor is to provide adequate foliage penetration that allows the detection of concealed man-made objects in dense foliage. Our Phase I work on the FPGA FOPEN SAR digital processor included the generation of 100dBdata for detection performance enhancement,… more
Abstract:Intelligence analysts face increasingly significant challenges in the timely acquisition, correlation and analysis of intelligence information. Recent information technology advances have resulted in explosive growth in the volume and rate of intelligencedata pushed to the analyst. Recent military… more
Abstract:The effectiveness of team-oriented tactical operations by SOF is greatly enhancedby the ability to tightly coordinate the actions of team members. In particular,advances in miniature commercial computer display technologies show promise forproviding a powerful tool for disseminating information to… more
Abstract:Distributed computing systems have matured from simple client/server applicationstowards large complex systems. While computing processing and network bandwidthcapabilities have dramatically improved in recent years, the design andimplementation of complex systems remains difficult and expensive.… more
Abstract:Data display languages are used by the US Air Force for test and evaluation of aircraft and space systems. The need to translate between data display languages arises especially in joint service programs when applications need to be reused, migrated orshared. It is important to use a common… more
Abstract:Recent advancements in integrated circuit miniaturization and network topologies in the communications industry have given rise to the development of products providing short range (less than ten meters) wireless connectivity for both voice and datacommunications. Several industry initiatives,… more
Abstract:With the increasing complexity and size of advanced system designs come increasing requirements for an integrated set of methods and tools to measure, evaluate and predict behavior and performance. An environment is needed that will allow the engineer torapidly iterate through multiple design paths… more
Abstract:New standards are emerging for inter-process communication among technical systems under development. Subsystems using the CORBA protocol (IIOP) are sometimes tied to a specific vendor's ORB implementation without regard to portability in a heterogeneousnetwork environment. As technology advances,… more
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