Abstract:NON-TECHNICAL SUMMARY: United States domestic rice production is an important industry that directly and indirectly generates over 55,000 jobs and over $9 billion in income. An abundant by-product of the rice milling industry is rice bran. Rich in nutritious proteins, vitamins, and antioxidants, it… more
Abstract:NIST desires to develop a standard of pressure in the range of 0.3Mpa to 10 Mpa based on measurements of the dielectric constants of gaseous helium and argon. This requires capacitance measurements having a better linearity than can be made with any currently available product. It is proposed that… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The aim of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of an automated prompting device called Prompts for Handwashing with Gel (PHG). PHG will increase the use of antiseptic alcohol based gel for hand hygiene at Johns Hopkins University Hospital in Baltimore,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The overall aim of this study is to demonstrate the efficacy of an automated prompting device called Prompts for Handwashing Effectiveness, which will increase the duration of handwashing at Biloxi Specialty Hospital in Biloxi, Mississippi. Handwashing is the… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The long-term aim of this program of research is to develop a Night Alert Prompting System (NAPS) that can be used by caregivers of home-dwelling cognitively impaired (CI) individuals to prevent nighttime injuries and unattended exits, improve caregiver sleep,… more
Abstract:The objective of this effort is to develop innovative autonomous geo-registration technologies in the form of a software toolkit for the spatial alignment of image, signal intelligence (SIGINT), and ground moving target indicator (GMTI) data collected fromthe battlespace. Some work has been directed… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project seeks to develop high-efficiency, high-quality dense hydrogen separation membranes based on nanocomposites of a stable proton conducting ceramic and a metal phase. The proposed effort would result in highly conductive, chemically stable and… more
Abstract:The US risks delivery by terrorists of nuclear weapons hidden in shipping containers to US ports. Navy Admiral Vern Clark has stated that the Navy and Coast Guard have the capability to deal with such problems, but lack a critical element--good informationregarding ships coming to US ports from all… more
Abstract:We propose to build a Random Obfuscating Compiler (ROC), a tool and a process for systematic research and testing of strategies for protecting software from reverse engineering using differential analysis. The US is at war. Our enemies will strive toreverse engineer valuable legacy software ,in… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Chronic renal dysfunction is a progressive, degenerative disorder that ultimately results in acute renal failure and requires dialysis as an intervention, and renal transplantation as the only potential cure. Initiating conditions of renal dysfunction include… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Apoptotic cell loss triggered by ischemia-reperfusion plays a prominent role in delayed graft function and acute renal failure following kidney transplant. In experimental models of ischemia-reperfusion, treatment with scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Hepatic fibrosis, a disease affecting tens of millions of patients worldwide, is the liver scarring response that occurs in response to chronic injury from viral hepatitis B or C, excessive alcohol use, and iron overload, and often leads to liver failure and… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Activation of cell death pathways leading to endothelial cell apoptosis and neointimal vascular smooth muscle cell hyperplasia is an initial trigger of the progression of atherosclerotic lesions. Because apoptosis is a highly regulated cellular process and… more
Abstract:IAHCID will provide the human-computer interface (HCI) design team with rapid accessibility to the enormous array of existing design data, filtered and tailored for the design project at hand.. As an HCI is being designed from components, IAHCID willadvise the designer on all aspects of the HCI by… more
Abstract:This project will conduct the research necessary to develop a validated functional training system that promotes shared understanding among command and control teams. Upon completing the multimedia scenario-based training, team members will have a betterappreciation of shared understanding, will… more
Abstract:This SBIR will establish the conceptual foundation for and functional requirements of a computer-based tool to facilitate management of shared mental models (SMMs) within an Army command & control team. A mental model is an internal representation of acomplex situation. Research has shown that… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR)Phase I project proposes to develop forming and sintering processes suitable for the manufacture of nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite orthopedic implants. Though hydroxyapatite's osteoconductivity has generated interest in many clinical applications,… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will develop processes and controls for producing commercial quantities of nanostructured hydroxyapatite (HAP) biomaterials suitable for load bearing orthopedic and dental applications. Though hydroxyapatite's … more
Abstract:Anholt proposes to combine a composite lightweight body with metallic endcaps and stacking flanges to reduce the weight and provide venting for Insensitive Munitions (IM). This marries the enhanced Cook-Off performance and lightweight benefits ofcomposites with the damage tolerance and… more
Abstract:Anholt has developed concepts for a Hybrid Composite/Metal Munitions container that meets the requirements of MIL-STD-1904A and 2105B in Phase I. The container provides up to 50% weight savings when compared to the current all metal containers. Thetechnology is applicable to the entire family of… more
Abstract:The problem that the proposed device/system addresses is the real time in-cylinder pressure and temperature measurement of internal combustion engines. The concept presented is for a multi-task sensor produced using MEMS technology that fits in thecylinder head adjacent to the gasket with its… more
Abstract:Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) cellular and PCS mobile systems present remarkable opportunities for mobile voice and data communications capacity and utility, and thus are broadly deployed commercially. The Army is working to extend the capabilitiesof these tools into the tactical arena to… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION: (provided by applicant): Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disease caused by mutations in the gene encoding CFTR that results in a significantly shorter lifespan as well as associated pathologies. Unfortunately, none of the currently available treatments are able to halt the progression… more
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