Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Rapid and widespread emergence of antibiotics-resistant pathogens creates an urgent need for concerted approaches towards novel antiinfectives. The long-term objective of this proposal is the development of novel potent antibacterials that target the ribosomal… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Victims of bacterial bioterrorism agents such as anthrax, plague, and tularemia die very often because of septicemia and subsequent multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Viral bioterrorism agents such as smallpox can also induce Systemic Inflammatory… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project explores the development of a catalytically active filtration device for the reduction of particulates and carbon monoxide in reformate or syngas. It is generally recognized that significant improvements in the performance of water gas… more
Abstract:The U.S. Army has the need for small and efficient fuel cell power generation systems (0.5-2 kW) that can operate on diesel and logistics fuels. The advantages of employing these fuels for "in-the-field" power generation in military deployment include high energy density and wide availability. … more
Abstract:The US Air Force seeks to developg new materials and technologies to reduce the cost of space flight. The IHPRPT program has the stated mission of doubling rocket propulsion capabilities by the year 2010. Incremental system design and fabrication cost improvements will not be sufficient to achieve… more
Abstract:Insulation systems are needed to protect external aircraft structures from the high temperatures generated by engine exhaust gases. Currently, a typical thermal protection system for aircraft applications involves bonding ceramic tiles onto the aircraft. The bonded ceramic tiles are completely… more
Abstract:Future generation aircraft demand advancements in performance and multi-functionality in the structures. Areas such as weapons bays, landing gear bays, and avionics require active cooling in order to protect the components from overheating during operation. Aspen Aerogels proposes to team with… more
Abstract:Aspen Aerogels is developing low-density, flexible aerogel composites to satisfy the thermal and mechanical insulation requirements for weight-sensitive launch vehicles or space based platforms. Efficient, low areal density protection to key structures and optical components from excessive solar… more
Abstract:Aspen Aerogels, Inc plans to demonstrate an aerogel-based thermally insulating, shock and vibration isolation material intended for use in aerospace payload and avionics applications. The launch weight of the Common Aero Vehicle (CAV) will be reduced, payload volume capacity increased and its… more
Abstract:The project will investigate and develop a seamless vacuum insulated box (VIB) technology based on Aspen?s unique polymeric/silica aerogel alloy blanket technology. This new blanket material is ideally suited for VIP and VIB use with low density, high compression modulus, low thermal conductivity,… more
Abstract:Today, the Navy, and all of our nation's defense are faced with the unconventional threat of terrorist or other asymmetric attacks. As such, a unique system combining fire resistance, blast mitigation, and energy absorption for Navy surface ships will be developed and demonstrated. The proposed… more
Abstract:Polyurethane and polybutadiene rubber aerogel composite materials are being developed for thermal insulation and radiation shielding materials for extravehicular activity (EVA) systems. The new flexible, resilient aerogel composite materials will offer significant system design and performance… more
Abstract:The Air Force has an interest in new designs and new materials for TPS of hypersonic reentry vehicles. Military hypersonic vehicles will reenter the atmosphere according to trajectories that are more aggressive than that of the Space Shuttle Orbiter and expected to be able to maneuver in the… more
Abstract:Aspen Aerogels (AAI) proposes to develop low-cost, lightweight nanostructured poly-DCPD based aerogel composites for aerospace, military, and commercial insulation applications. Alone, the poly-dicyclopentadiene (DCPD) exhibits exceptional properties, including room temperature curable fast… more
Abstract:NASA?s Next Generation Launch Vehicle Technology Program has an interest in robust TPS materials with the highest level of thermal performance at the lowest possible areal weight. The materials need to be oxidatively stable and insensitive to water vapor, and able to perform with a minimum of… more
Abstract:The transfusion of red cells far forward from the FSTs will enhance medical treatment and increase the survivability of wounded soldiers before evacuation. The use of a lighter and more efficient container than the currently approved Collins box will enable soldiers to carry one PRBC unit and store… more
Abstract:Rapidly deployable shelters for military use demand high performance materials that can withstand extreme requirements. In order to advance the performance of these systems, the Army must improve the thermal insulation layer that is often included in the shelters. Aspen Aerogels, Inc. (AAI)… more
Abstract:Aspen Aerogels, Inc. (AAI) proposes the development of silica aerogel-based, flexible, insulation systems for Army shelters as a direct replacement for the current multi-layer, cloth-based insulation blankets. The superior thermal resistance of aerogel materials will provide an insulation system… more
Abstract:NASA?s In-Flight Propulsion Program is investigating aerocapture as a rapid, highly efficient method for insertion of probes into long-duration scientific orbits. Aerocapture, an aggressive braking maneuver intended to achieve a scientific orbit directly (?capture?) from a hyperbolic approach… more
Abstract:Advanced materials are required to insulate cryogenic storage and distribution systems for liquid propellants such as hydrogen and oxygen, used in orbital transfer and interplanetary missions. Development of cost effective, robust cryogenic insulation systems that operate at soft vacuum level… more
Abstract:75351-Aerogels, with their low refractive index and reasonably high light transmission, would be highly desirable Cherenkov detectors in high-energy particle detection. Unfortunately, when aerogels are used as Cherenkov radiators, there are some disadvantages: medium to low light transmission in… more
Abstract:NASA seeks new and innovative technologies for materials, processes, and manufacturing that will provide safe, reliable, lightweight, and less expensive launch vehicle and spacecraft components. The proposed project will develop aerogel insulation materials for composite cryotanks and TPS.… more
Abstract:High noise levels on aircraft carriers from onboard flight operations impart tremendous implications, including miscommunication during combat and training, reduced crew combat effectiveness from stress and fatigue, and medical expenses from hearing damage. To mitigate the cost and safety… more
Abstract:Two primary efforts define the DFTI (Digital Flow Technologies, Inc.) response to the HSARPA requirements to develop a lower cost, more efficient, high (1000 liters/min) volume flow rate concentrator that requires lower power than the extant concentrator designs. The first of these is to create an… more
Abstract:During Phase I of the proposed program, ERC-Incorporated proposes to identify novel promising polynitrogen candidates by means of theoretical calculations. Furthermore, preliminary tests will be carried out to explore the feasibility of synthesizing the most promising candidates. High-nitrogen… more
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