Abstract:With the achievement of 2.1 kW CW IR operation and an upgrade to 10 kW undergoing commissioning, free-electron lasers (FEL) are now a serious option for high-power, military and commercial applications. As specifically identified in the recent "Department of Defense Laser Master Plan", the key… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop a tunable, compact, high-power Terahertz (THz) radiation source. The unique discriminator of the source is the projected power level, which is orders of magnitude greater than available semiconductor sources, should enable… more
Abstract:High Power Microwave (HPM) systems capable of generating gigawatts of power for pulse lengths of microseconds have significant military applications. The military utility would be even greater if such systems could be packaged for placement in current Army mobile platforms (long range and short… more
Abstract:75592-A radio frequency (RF) photoemission source that delivers polarized electrons at low emittance would be an attractive electron source for a linear collider. Moreover, if such a source were used in conjunction with nearby injection system optics, a beam with a high ratio of transverse… more
Abstract:A definitive experimental study of cathode design and photoemissive materials for normal-conducting RF injectors is proposed. The University of Maryland (UMD) and Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) have agreed to collaborate with Advanced Energy Systems (AES) on this project. As an FFRDC, BNL… more
Abstract:The ability to quickly estimate flight vehicle behavior in an operational environment is important since engineers from a variety of disciplines require accurate predictions in order to plan flight test experiments, expand aircraft operating envelopes safely, and have access to diagnostic methods… more
Abstract:Successful use of microarray technology for the investigation of biological systems requires an integrated informatics infrastructure. The objective of this research and development effort is to specify such an integrated informatics architecture to support biological research and discovery efforts… more
Abstract:The integrated informatics architecture proposed here will facilitate the construction of gene regulatory and other biological pathway models from networks of molecular and phenotypic associations. Current commercial or academic solutions are mostly limited to basic analysis of array data to… more
Abstract:75554-Due to the inherent inefficiencies of Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cell stacks, a coolant must be used to remove the waste heat produced by the fuel cell. Deionized (DI) water or glycol/water solutions with a deionizing filter are commonly used as a fuel cell system coolant. Although… more
Abstract:Due to the inefficiencies associated with Directed Energy (DE) weapons, a large amount of waste heat is generated that must be removed quickly to maintain a constant temperature operation. To remove such a high heat flux, an efficient heat transfer device/mechanism and a designer thermo-fluid are… more
Abstract:The SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) 1179C is the regulatory method for determining the exhaust Smoke Number from jet engines. This methodology is slow and cumbersome and requires handling and analyzing paper filters which have been exposed to the jet engine exhaust effluent which has been… more
Abstract:The NASA objective of expanding the human experience into the far reaches of space will require the development of regenerable life support systems. On-board carbon dioxide (CO2) removal units play a key role in such systems ensuring high quality cabin air for crew members. Similar but more compact… more
Abstract:The objective of the Phase I SBIR program was to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating pyrolysis and incineration steps into a system for processing of spacecraft solid wastes. The Phase I study involved a combination of bench scale experiments and data analysis. This work was accomplished in… more
Abstract:Sensors are vital during advanced turbine engine development testing. Sensor data expedite engine development programs and bring new advanced propulsion and ground-power engines to market sooner. Ceramic thermal barrier coating (TBC) on first-stage turbine blades is now a vital component of advanced… more
Abstract:Agricultural activities produce large quantities of animal wastes in the form of manures. Currently, the accumulation of manures from animal husbandry operations is a serious threat to water supplies. The technology for conversion of poultry manure into fuel gases by using heat can be integrated… more
Abstract:75640-This project addresses the environmental problem of the removal and recovery of carbon dioxide (CO2) from combustion/incineration flue gas in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Specifically, carbon-dioxide will be removed from flue gas by using sorbents based on amines that are… more
Abstract:This Phase I project will demonstrate the feasibility of providing panoramic stereoscopic images for remote-controlled robotic space operations using three fixed-position cameras. Remote-controlled robot operations are an important element in orbital and planetary space missions. Advanced display… more
Abstract:The objective of this work is to investigate and develop alternative wear-resistant coatings applied by a novel coating technique to improve performance of aircraft landing gear components (LGC). The selected Electro-magnetically enhanced Physical Vapor Deposition technique is developed to apply… more
Abstract:The objective of this work is to develop and demonstrate a novel surface engineering concept for protection of Aircraft Brake Pressure Plates. Carbon-made aircraft breaking system components experience increased service temperatures and, when swiped by the temp stick, chemically react with the… more
Abstract:The objective of this work is to investigate and develop dense corrosion resistant coatings to improve performance of aircraft components (AC). Cadmium metal (Cd), although a hazardous substance, is still being used as a sacrificial coating on majority of AC component. The PVD-based technique is… more
Abstract:Advanced Industrial Technology has invested ina system that combines plasma, arc welding and GMAW processes in to a hybrid process know as SuperMIG. The processes combined with a specially designed torch has demonstrated highly successful welding applications of different types of metals.
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop an automated monitoring system for residents living in elder care facilities. This system will enable the facility staff to quickly respond to any event or behavior requiring intervention, such as an … more
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I proposal will conduct an exploratory study to establish the feasibility of a multimodal framework for monitoring the emotion of a person using an non-intrusive sensor suite that includes video, audio, and thermal sensing. This will lead to the development of a portable gauge for… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I research project will develop a tool for enhancing physical security operations at large facilities using a novel map-centered interface for video surveillance. The interface will incorporate "perceptual filtering" with automatic detection, tracking… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Large volumes of blood (milliliters) are required for diagnostics with large instruments, latrogenic blood loss or "bleeding into the laboratory" is an important reason for administration of small volume transfusions in very low birth weight, premature infants. A… more
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