Abstract:Ballutes, or inflatable decelerators, offer significant advantages over rigid shells for aerocapture of planetary spacecraft and for earth reentry of cargo by providing mass savings and simplified packaging features. Traditional ballutes, however, have provided little or no trajectory control. For… more
Abstract:Real-time fusion of data collected from a variety of radars that acquire information from multiple perspectives and/or different frequencies is being shown to provide a more accurate picture of the adversary threat cloud than any single radar or group of radars operating independently. In the ground… more
Abstract:Real-time fusion of data collected from a variety of radars that acquire information from multiple perspectives and/or different frequencies, is being shown to provide a more accurate picture of the adversary threat cloud than any single radar or group of radars operating independently. This… more
Abstract:This program aims to develop a novel nanotube-reinforced composite PEM for multifunctional power generating structures. The innovation in the present effort is to take advantage of our capability and make use of the superior mechanical properties of the nanotubes including large aspect ratios, high… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I research project seeks to develop a new type of nanoporous, highly catalytically active mixed-oxide ceramic membranes by sol-gel processing. The composite of the two components would significantly enhance the catalytic activity and thermal… more
Abstract:Contact lens related eye infections impact millions of people yearly. Standard guidelines for lens care can minimize eye infection, but it has been shown that only about 50% of lens wearers adhere to appropriate guidelines. During usual use and storage procedures, microorganisms adhere to contact… more
Abstract:Our Random Obfuscating Compiler2 ("ROC2") automated toolset will protect DoD HPC executables running on Beowulf clusters from reverse engineering or compromise. Preliminary DoD HPC research is often conducted on university Beowulfs, which are also used by unscreened researchers and students. The US… more
Abstract:We propose to develop ROC2 to protect software from reverse engineering or compromise by automatically inserting strong Protect/Detect/React functionality into binaries by obfuscating executables, providing randomly different variants of the same binary, and permitting the software only to run on… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant):
Left untreated, myocardial ischemia can lead to cardiomyocte death and pump failure. In fact, ischemic heart disease is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the U.S. Recent evidence suggests that scatter factor / hepatocyte growth factor, exerts… more
Abstract:This project will produce a new assessment and decision-support tool that will assist US military leaders in their decisions regarding the development and use of non-lethal weapons. This tool will provide commanders with an ability to anticipate psychological and behavioral reactions to the use of a… more
Abstract:The objective of this topic is to design a Rotorcraft Obstacle Avoidance Display (ROAD) for hover in degraded visual environments clearly showing the spatial relationships between the aircraft and potentially dangerous terrain and other obstacles. The ROAD will provide pilots with an easily… more
Abstract:The objective of this topic is to develop a Rotorcraft Obstacle Avoidance Display (ROAD) that alerts pilots to hazards in confined areas, especially at night and in degraded visual environments. The Army loses an average of $58 million and 14 lives each year to obstacle strikes and the civilian… more
Abstract:*The proposed research will reduce the historically high operator workload in legacy passive ASW systems that arises from grossly inefficient human-system interfaces (HSIs). These problematic HSIs create high operator workload even when automation is applied to contact detection, classification and… more
Abstract:Current models used in military simulations generally do not include representations of human behavior that vary realistically between humans of different cultures. This lack of realism has the potential to result in tragic consequences for US military personnel and others through, for example,… more
Abstract:The primary objective of Phase I will be to design a practical, reliable, and valid computer-based assessment of the ability to perform well in a different types of multi-tasking environments, primarily those encountered by first-term Army enlistees. Formal development and validation of the measure… more
Abstract:The products of this SBIR effort, Phase I through Phase III, will comprise a broad trajectory within the state of the art in next-generation software reverse engineering (SRE). Our Reverse Engineering Advancement Lab (REAL), will perform security auditing; serve as a obfuscator benchmark tool for… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Titanium and resorbable polymers are the materials of choice when reattaching the ACL with an interference screw. While titanium screws possess sufficient strength to withstand insertion and the holding power to retain the ACL in the bone, tearing of the ACL and… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Osteoporosis is a major and growing health care problem that responds inadequately to standard pharmacologic therapy. Because of its low bone mineral density, osteoporotic bone is mechanically weak and fractures more easily than normal bone. Moreover, fracture… more
Abstract:Corrosion Health Monitoring Systems (HMS) and Prognostics are key to maintaining the performance and reliability of high value, critical structures. Army seeks to minimize life-cycle costs due to environmental degradation of nonmetallic materials and corrosion of metals for missile and aging… more
Abstract:An integrated Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) diagnostics/prognostics system will improve the affordability, survivability, and service life of Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAVs) by ensuring the performance and reliability of high value, critical components on-board the UAV. The detection, monitoring… more
Abstract:Corrosion Health Monitoring Systems (HMS) and Prognostics are key to maintaining the performance and reliability of high value, critical structures. Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) Corrosion and Control Plan seeks to minimize life-cycle costs due to environmental degradation of nonmetallic materials and… more
Abstract:In this project we propose to make a unique and complete data mining system, specifically developed for Structural Health Monitoring (SHM). Even more particular about the system is the way it is aimed at vehicles and other structures that form fleets as they are procured in the Army. In the… more
Abstract:A three-dimensional diagnostic/prognostic imaging system that is specifically designed for Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) is proposed. Core to the system under development is attention to the data that is produced, and ensuring that it is optimized for the purpose of prognostics. To this aim… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Well over a decade ago the first diphtheria toxin-based fusion protein toxin, DAB389IL-2 (Ontak(R)) was in development as the first of a new class of receptor specific therapeutic agent. This fusion protein gained FDA approval five years ago for the treatment of… more
Abstract:On average, nine collisions occur each day in the U.S. between trains and road vehicles. These collisions result in fatalities forty times more often than for other vehicle accidents. Eighty percent of collisions occur at railroad crossings that do not have train-activated warning systems. Using… more
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