Abstract:This SBIR proposal aims to develop all-passive fiberoptic lighting systems that can be used on long space missions or here on earth. By addressing the traditional problems of concentration and solar tracking in a novel way, we will create a high efficiency lighting system that is also very durable… more
Abstract:The use of small unmanned ground vehicles in both military and civilian operations is rapidly growing. Unfortunately, vendors today only offer their own proprietary Operator Control Units and vehicle payloads that can only be used with their vehicle platform. The objective of this Phase I effort is… more
Abstract:Current robotic controllers place a great deal of emphasis on graphical control methods. While graphics and visualization are an important and critical method for controlling robotic assets, they are not sufficient in all cases. The ideal robotic controller would enable the soldier to interact with… more
Abstract:With the anticipated deployment of technologies developed under programs like Future Force Warrior and Future Combat Systems, there is a growing need for a common method for human-robot interaction. This is particularly true for dismounted infantry, since they are often in situations where small,… more
Abstract:High voltage RF sources designed to deliver frequencies from 10's of MHz to 1 GHz can be excessively large systems due to the geometric dependence on the radiating wavelength and the high voltage insulation requirements. Past efforts have targeted specific frequencies with specific temporal… more
Abstract:Applied Physical Sciences Corp. will develop a distributed buoy detection system using an advanced acoustic receiver. The sonar array will consist of a vertical line of vector hydrophones to maximize gain against unwanted ambient noise and provide 20+nm detection ranges for targets of interest.… more
Abstract:76059S In order to safely remove transuranic waste (TRU) and mixed low-level waste buried in the subsurface disposal areas (SDAs), it is important to anticipate exactly what materials are directly below the surface. This project will develop neutron-based, logging tools that can identify TRU and… more
Abstract:Applied Physical Sciences Corp. (APS) proposes the Phase II development of an Acoustic Intensity Localization System (AILS). AILS utilizes a vector hydrophone to measure the latitude-longitude offset to an acoustic projector attached to surface buoy whose position is known via GPS. A major… more
Abstract:The US Navy's new DD(X) destroyer, currently under design, is expected to serve not only as an independent battlespace resource but also as a hub of a network of environmental sensors and sonar platforms. In this role, the DD(X) crew is responsible for deciding the distribution of assets needed to… more
Abstract:An advanced vector hydrophone towed array is proposed for surface ship torpedo defense applications. Vector hydrophone promise to provide much-needed array gain in aperture-constrained systems. The additional gain results in significant increases in detection ranges and/or decreases in false alarm… more
Abstract:A critical design feature for a towed mine countermeasure platform is low drag. In this STTR we propose to integrate an efficient acoustic source within a low drag body to perform influence mine sweeps behind an unmanned surface vehicle. To develop the optimum system a trade-study is proposed… more
Abstract:Plasma switches are able to operate at a much higher energy density than traditional switched capacitor banks as well as handle much higher currents, and are particularly well suited for pulsed power applications. A present limitation on the implementation of open plasma switches into related… more
Abstract:75336S A broad category of experiments in astro-particle and high energy physics requires the construction of ultra-high-purity and ultra-low-radioactive-background, cubic-meter-scale vessels to be used as containers for ionization and scintillation media. Double-beta decay experiments, solar… more
Abstract:Composite parts on aircraft can be field repaired if the damage is small, using only vacuum and heat blankets or portable ovens. As alternative to using wet laminating resins and prepreg systems for repair, resin film infusion (RFI) is cost effective and can alleviate some problems with current… more
Abstract:Applied Radar Inc. proposes the development of active MMIC-based circulators in order to achieve high isolation between transmit and receive paths for simultaneous transmit and receive (STAR) phased-array radar system architectures. This technology will enable increased persistence in intelligence,… more
Abstract:Applied Radar proposes to investigate a new method of incorporating microwave antenna and feed components directly into airframe structural members. This method is based on the 3-D weaving of a resin transfer molded (RTM) fiber reinforcement preform that meets both RF and structural requirements.… more
Abstract:The Defense Threat Reduction Agency has expressed the need for waterborne transport and dispersion capability to compliment its existing models for Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) releases. DTRA's current capability is limited to the atmospheric transport of CBRN agents using… more
Abstract:Applied Science Innovations, Inc. proposes a new tool of 3D optical coherence tomography (OCT) for cellular level imaging at video frame rates and dramatically reduced probe cross-section. Existing commercial OCT tools are focused in ophthalmology, where examination is external to the eye, the size… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In many endoscopic procedures it is desirable to monitor a wide field-of-view real-time image to navigate the tool inside the body, locating anatomical landmarks and switching to a close-up view once a region of interest is identified. Existing endoscopes with… more
Abstract:78513 The electrostatic precipitator (ESP) is a key technology for removing pollution from the flue gases generated by coal fired power plants. However, in these systems, the metal collection surfaces are extremely heavy, have high costs of installation, and are easily corroded. Polymer fabric… more
Abstract:Object identification, quantification and localization are key goals in both military target detection and quantitative medical imaging. As in medical imaging, military images are often difficult to interpret due to noise, spatial resolution limits, changing background conditions and uncertainty… more
Abstract:Infrared (IR) countermeasures to protect combatant aircraft now use pyrophoric metal foils to generate a decoy IR signature. These foils have a number of drawbacks, such as a limited and known signature that will eventually be defeated and a supply that comes from a non-competitive sole source. … more
Abstract:Improvements in radiation shielding materials are needed to support NASA's human and robotic exploration programs. Shielding for both electromagnetic radiation (gamma and x-rays) and particles (protons and neutrons) are critical. Ideally, the shielding should be part of a multifunctional,… more
Abstract:Carbon nanotube-reinforced ceramics are a promising class of materials that are plagued by extreme processing conditions which compromise the nanotubes, thereby inhibiting their ability to positively impact the ceramic composite. Applied Sciences, Inc. (ASI) proposes an innovative solution to this… more
Abstract:DACS thrust chambers for the THAAD kill vehicle are currently made out of niobium, which is heavy, difficult to machine, and expensive to produce. Previously, a lightweight ceramic composite was used, but this material was brittle and even more expensive than the metal solution. In this program,… more
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