Abstract:Network centric warfare promises to increase information sharing and allow distribution of decision making. This will improve military effectiveness, but only if the situational awareness (SA) of warfighters is correctly aligned. IMAGES is a software tool that will infer the cognitive states of… more
Abstract:In any mission involving hierarchical levels of command, a key success factor is the clear communication of intent, as well as a common understanding of the ongoing situation, across levels of command. In practice, however, command intent may be distorted as subordinates communicate goals downward,… more
Abstract:The objective of the proposed work is to utilize innovative optimization algorithms and normative engineering models for the design of Army organizations. This system will increase productivity and efficiency of Army organizations by identifying critical factors in organizational structure, resource… more
Abstract:Increasingly, the Army has become engaged in "operations other than war." Compared to traditional combat operations, these missions are considerably more complex and ill-defined. Success in these operations requires that Army leaders view problems from a Joint Forces mindset, recognize the long-term… more
Abstract:Future C4ISR capabilities must provide warfighters with the abilities to clearly and comprehensively understand the battlespace and quickly decide on appropriate courses of action. Future systems must account for the cognitive capabilities and limitations of users, giving warfighters the ability to… more
Abstract:The U.S. Navy is taking advantage of the revolution in information technology to support rapid evolution of its command and control systems. Along with the ability to rapidly reconfigure displays and controls, however, comes the need to rigorously evaluate the effectiveness of new human-machine… more
Abstract:Network centric warfare offers increased connectivity across echelons, enabling smaller, lighter units to behave with greater independence and respond faster to changing operational contexts. Nowhere is this capability more valuable than in Special Warfare, where small teams seek to move rapidly,… more
Abstract:This proposal arises from an attempt to design a computer suitable for the efficient execution of software that displays human-like cognitive abilities. Examples of such software applications include natural language understanding, text processing, conceptually based internet search, natural… more
Abstract:A major requirement for effective weapon system evaluation, construct development, and training in constructive simulations is the ability to adequately represent behaviors in response to suppressive fire during urban combat. Current simulations lack adequate representation of the behavioral… more
Abstract:We propose to develop a discrete event simulation tool for evaluation and analysis of the components of a real-time, distributed computing/communications environment. This environment consists of communications equipment and the human decision makers whose tasks are facilitated by this equipment. … more
Abstract:We propose producing the MiDAS (Mission Displays for Autonomous Systems) interface designed to exploit existing automation capabilities of unmanned vehicles and improve future user interfaces in unmanned vehicles using an automated control system. Our technical approach features an innovative… more
Abstract:Military operations are transitioning from a platform-centric (or unit-oriented) approach to a network-centric (or enterprise-oriented) architecture. This architecture will provide decision makers with unprecedented amounts of information. However, information availability alone is insufficient to… more
Abstract:The purpose of the proposed effort is to develop a predictive model-based tool, and associated metrics, to assess the impact of various levels of simulator fidelity on training effectiveness and combat mission performance. Aptima will base the proposed tool on an updated categorization of the levels… more
Abstract:The goal of this project is to provide the basis for a decision support capability for project/program managers early in the systems acquisition process so they can make informed decisions to reduce life cycle costs and improve deployed system readiness. This project will apply Cognitive Work… more
Abstract:A central challenge for the U.S. armed services lies not in fighting nation-state armed forces, but in dealing with more irregular forces. The glue that holds many of these forces together and motivates them to fight is a common belief system, or shared cultural identity. Hence, it is essential to… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Approximately 10 million people in the U.S. are estimated to have osteoporosis, a disease that results in over 1.5 million bone fractures a year. It is now known that the accumulation of fat cells (adipocytes) in bone marrow is a major factor contributing to… more
Abstract:Commercial-scale marine aquaculture has the potential to balance the increasing demand for high-quality seafood products with the harvest capacity of our nation¿s oceans. However, water reuse in recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) is limited by the accumulation of nitrate (NO3), which is toxic… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Microarrays are a powerful way to measure the impact of contaminants present in the environment. In this proposal, we will sequence genes from grass shrimp and sheepshead minnows, make trial microarrays from these genes, and show the expression patterns that… more
Abstract:Aquilent, Inc. proposes to support ad-hoc, content-based query and data retrieval from virtual observatories (VxO) by developing 1) Higher Order Query Services that will work together with the Virtual Space Physics Observatory (VSPO) effort. These services will enable scientists to generate derived… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Each year more Americans die from smoking-related diseases than from alcohol, AIDS, drug abuse, car accidents, fire, suicide and murder-combined. Smoking costs the United States approximately $97.2 billion each year in healthcare costs and lost productivity.… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This project will develop a new software program that will improve the management of digital information from a variety of sources for individuals with learning disabilities (LD) and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in a postsecondary academic… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (PROVIDED BY APPLICANT): Arbor Vita proposes to determine the selectivity profiles of NMDA Receptors for PDZ domains and to identify selective inhibitors for use in reducing neuronal damage following a stroke. Stroke is a severe disorder that affects about 600,000 people a year in the… more
Abstract:Reclamation or restoration of sustainable native grasslands is constrained by the lack of seed of many difficult to harvest species. The lack of seed of many species stems from the lack of harvest equipment that can effectively dislodge, separate, convey, and off-load seed with challenging… more
Abstract:Arc Second, Inc, of Dulles, Virginia, has developed a high accuracy 3-D measurement system that is ideally suited to the location of non-destructive inspection tools. The system uses small infra-red laser transmitters that create rotating fan beams, and lightweight measurement sensors that can… more
Abstract:This proposal details the development of a multipoint exploding foil initiator trigger system that enables programmable delays between EFI detonations. The temporal jitters are less than 50 ns from the initial trigger signal to the firing of each EFI. This enables precise control of the detonation… more
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