Abstract:Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) are being targeted for many military and commercial applications due to their lightweight and high temperature stability. CMCs possess high strength, and are being investigated for use in next-generation aircraft engines. CMCs show great promise for this… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project aims to investigate synthetic approaches to develop specialty glass microspheres based on aluminum phosphate compositions. The proposed approach is targeted toward synthesis of high emissivity hollow microspheres that are stable to elevated… more
Abstract:Applied Thin Films, Inc. proposes to use and an innovative aluminum phosphate solution based coating material to act as a sacrificial barrier layer to protect zirconia thermal barrier coatings from molten CMAS ingress and attack. The proposed coating material, known as CerablakT, will ideally… more
Abstract:Extending gun barrel life has been a long-standing goal for the US Air Force and other DoD agencies. Currently-used chrome plated barrels are susceptible to erosion and corrosion which affects the accuracy of fired bullets due to material loss along the inner surface. The primary cause of barrel… more
Abstract:A computer network is vulnerable to failure from many directions. Current work on vulnerability analysis focuses on computer network attack, in the form of viruses, malware, and hacking. However, the network is also vulnerable to failure from external forces, especially from the loss of… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goal of the proposed work is to develop a novel antithrombotic drug that is safer and more effective than current therapies. Phase I funding for this project supported the successful development of a novel expression system to facilitate efficient production… more
Abstract:The PERSonnel-based Unit of Action Design Environment (PERSUADE) is a software package that facilitates the design of superior military organizations and Command and Control (C2) processes. PERSUADE's interactive simulation, optimization, and decision aid tools will give users the ability to… more
Abstract:In any mission involving hierarchical levels of command, a key success factor is the clear communication of intent, as well as a common understanding of the ongoing situation, across echelons. In practice, however, command intent may be distorted as subordinates communicate goals downward through… more
Abstract:This project is an attempt to design a computer suitable for the efficient execution of software that displays human-like cognitive abilities. Examples of such software applications include natural language understanding, text processing, conceptually based internet search, natural human-computer… more
Abstract:This effort is producing MiDAS (Mission Displays for Autonomous Systems); an operator interface designed to exploit revolutionary automated mission planning capabilities for unmanned vehicles (UVs) in planning and executing intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) missions. The MiDAS… more
Abstract:Effective evaluation of human-machine systems requires accurate representations of human behavior. Human response to suppression is particularly important because it typically interrupts a mission task which, if continued or completed, would impact the outcome of the engagement. Currently,… more
Abstract:Military operations are transitioning from a platform-centric approach to a network-centric architecture. Coupled with advances in sensor technology, this provides unprecedented amounts of information. At the same time, ops tempo is increasing. This presents challenges in the AOC and to the DTC in… more
Abstract:Future C4ISR capabilities must provide warfighters with the abilities to clearly and comprehensively understand the battlespace and quickly decide on appropriate COA. Future systems must account for cognitive capabilities and limitations of users, giving warfighters the ability to "leverage… more
Abstract:The goal of the PERFORM Phase II effort is to develop a predictive model-based tool, and associated metrics, to assess the impact of simulator fidelity on training effectiveness. To achieve this goal, Aptima will deliver three primary products. First, we will deliver the PERFORM tool with… more
Abstract:A central challenge for the U.S. armed services lies not in fighting nation-state armed forces, but in dealing with more irregular forces. The glue that holds many of these forces together and motivates them to fight is a common belief system, or shared cultural identity. Hence, it is essential to… more
Abstract:The Army has recently become engaged in numerous Support and Stability Operations (SASOs) throughout the world. Compared to combat operations, SASOs are considerably more complex and ill-defined. Success requires that Army leaders view problems from a Joint Forces mindset, recognize the long-term… more
Abstract:Effective task management is a critical component of mission success. As warfighters are given more information to monitor, however, their ability to detect and attend to critical information and tasks is stressed. An automatic task manager is needed to help ensure that responses to events occur in… more
Abstract:A key challenge for future immersive mission rehearsal and training systems is the control of computer-generated opposing and supporting friendly forces. Currently, large numbers of personnel (or "pucksters") are required to control computer-generated forces (CGFs), especially in simulated urban… more
Abstract:Modern information technology enables decision makers to access and filter large volumes of information; however, this technology does not necessarily translate into improved decisions. While much technology has been created to deliver information, relatively little has been developed to help… more
Abstract:Electronic text chat has become a primary medium of communication throughout the military over the past fifteen years. In organizations such as the Air and Space Operations Center's Dynamic Targeting Cell (DTC), it is used extensively among team members as they collaboratively process information… more
Abstract:Static organization charts and standard processes define roles, methods, and authority in useful ways for common missions. But these same, rigid structures force the organization to behave inefficiently, often ineffectively on problems in new domains, problems requiring new coordination methods and… more
Abstract:A new emphasis on increased joint operations requires a transformation in the way we train our troops. Training must teach our forces to both think and act jointly. As part of this initiative, the Joint National Training Capability (JNTC) is being developed in order to enhance training for our… more
Abstract:The shipbuilding industry has a large number of workers that are close to retirement. With their departure a great deal of expertise, wisdom, and institutional knowledge will be leaving the workforce. This loss could lead to inefficiency and higher costs in the shipbuilding process. A method of… more
Abstract:The insertion of new technology in the cockpit, especially "smart" technology designed to become an additional crewmember, will necessarily impact flight-related operations and crew functioning. We propose to develop an observer-based assessment tool, and associated measures, that will allow… more
Abstract:A key challenge for battlefield simulation is the estimation of enemy courses of action (COAs). Current adversarial COA development is a manual time-consuming process prone to errors due to limited knowledge about the adversary and its ability to adapt. Development of decision aids that can predict… more
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