Abstract:Emission of ammonia to the atmosphere is a major environmental concern and a potential health hazard, but the accurate measurement of ammonia sources requires improved instrumentation. There is an immediate need for such instrumentation for both monitoring and research in agriculture, climate change… more
Abstract:The capabilities of current prostheses are substantially limited by the lack of suitable high energy density portable power. Specifically, current myoelectric prostheses utilize rechargeable batteries, which provide typically less than 10% of the daily energy required for typical activities of… more
Abstract:Aerosol particles have important impacts on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health; yet, large uncertainties remain in quantifying their chemical composition and atmospheric transformations. A large part of the anthropogenic aerosol is generated from energy-related activities, and… more
Abstract:The first sentinel of ABL's present target acquisition suite is a passive infrared search and track sensor of 1970s vintage, which we propose replacing with HyPAWS. HyPAWS is a low-cost passive wide-field of view staring sensor. Several such units suffice to provide full 360-degree view coverage. … more
Abstract:Aerosol particles affect the radiative balance of the earth directly, by scattering and absorbing solar and terrestrial radiation, and indirectly, by acting as cloud condensation nuclei. It is now recognized that the atmospheric loading of aerosols, generated through human activities, can influence… more
Abstract:Acrolein (CH2=CHCHO) has been identified by the U.S. Clean Air Act as a hazardous air pollutant because of its adverse health effect, particularly on respiratory systems. There are both anthropogenic and natural sources of acrolein in the environment. Acrolein is produced by combustion sources (e.g… more
Abstract:Current small robotic platforms, or small unmanned ground vehicles (SUGV's), are facing increased mission requirements. The power supply capability of these SUGV's is frequently the limiting factor in the ability to meet the increased demands of additional electronics and sensors, and longer… more
Abstract:This Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Phase I Project concerns the development of field-based analytical instrumentation for the determination of carbon content in soil. The instrumentation will employ laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy utilizing detection of atomic carbon ultraviolet… more
Abstract:Although carbon dioxide is monitored worldwide at hundreds of monitoring stations, existing monitoring methods, which rely on the use of high pressure calibration gas cylinders, are both labor intensive and expensive. Thus, there is a pressing need for an affordable, highly-accurate (1 part in… more
Abstract:National security interests related to the nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction require the remote detection of trace gases associated with the nuclear fuel cycle. Newly developed, mid-infrared, quantum cascade lasers have the potential to contribute to this application. These small… more
Abstract:Emissions performance of military engines has taken on an increasingly prominent importance for the DoD in recent years. Military bases which lie in areas that are out of compliance with EPA regulations are required to participate in that state's plan to come into compliance and improve the… more
Abstract:The goal of the overall SBIR project is to enable fast, real-time measurements of the shape factor and density of particulate matter emitted by gas turbine engines in the size range of 20 to 600 nm using a modified version of the Aerodyne aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS). Such information is… more
Abstract:The goal of this project is to develop a magnetic sensor that will accurately detect the time-of-arrival of turbine engine blades from outside the engine case and from standoff distances from the first stage fan via the inlet aperture, with the intent of achieving performance comparable to the… more
Abstract:The increasing need to provide information to the warfighter is driving the need for innovative sensor systems. This SBIR addresses the need to incorporate UAV operational capability into the P-3 aircraft in support of its many diverse missions. Benefits to UAV usage with the P3 include cost… more
Abstract:Many currently fielded DoD electronic systems contain sensitive and sometimes classified software applications. These sophisticated systems incorporate embedded COTS processing devices which make them susceptible to reverse engineering using commercial off the shelf tools including emulators and… more
Abstract:Exploration of planetary surfaces will require a communication architecture that supports operational capabilities in which fixed and mobile assets on the planetary surface can communicate seamlessly and securely. Aeronix understands the issues and believes that the solution lies in the development… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Lung cancer kills over 1.3 million per year worldwide. Conventional oral and i.v. chemotherapies used today have toxic effects in many organs besides the lungs. Consequently, doses are limited when treating lung cancer to an extent that it is often not effective.… more
Abstract:Limitations of conventional hinged aerodynamic platform controls have sparked interest in new "hingeless" systems, where control is effected through use of synthetic jet actuators and pneumatic circulation control. These new systems' advantages are augmentation of the conventional flight control… more
Abstract:The objective of the proposed work is to develop a rigorous mathematical formulation and a corresponding computer code capable of simulating the flight of flexible aircraft. To this end, it is proposed to integrate seamlessly pertinent material from analytical dynamics, structural dynamics,… more
Abstract:Organic matter is a major constituent of airborne particles, comprising 20-50% of their mass. Identification of its components is critical for tracing sources, elucidating transformation and formation processes, assessing affects on human health, and assessing affects on global climate. Therefore,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): A miniature "growth tube collector" will be developed to provide the concentrated collection of multiple, sequential airborne particle samples directly onto a "collection wafer". This instrument will encapsulate individual particles within micrometer-diameter… more
Abstract:Detection systems for aeropathogens require the concentration of airborne particles from large volumes of air into small volumes of liquid. This proposal addresses this need through droplet encapsulation of airborne particles, with subsequent capture into a microliter-sized collection reservoir.… more
Abstract:Aircraft encounters with turbulence are the leading cause of injuries in the airline industry and result in significant human, operational, and maintenance costs to the airline community each year. A large contributor to the above injuries and costs is that flight crews do not have sufficient… more
Abstract:Every day, turbulence has an adverse effect on aircraft operations and capacity of the NAS, costing the airline industry at least $100 million annually in operational inefficiencies, unscheduled maintenance, and injuries. A contributor to these costs is that controllers' and dispatchers' current… more
Abstract:Financial constraints and the need for improved operational efficiency are requiring airlines to emphasize "on-condition" maintenance over scheduled maintenance where possible. However, many of the specific conditions and events of interest to airline maintenance are not being monitored by… more
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