Abstract:All major material suppliers use DEFORM to help understand and design their cogging process. From their perspective, they need to predict, control, and optimize the ingot breakdown process to achieve a desired microstructure. This work will answer that need by developing a DEFORM-integrated… more
Abstract:One of the most vulnerable sectors in the food industry includes "ready-to-eat" fruits and vegetables that may be consumed without peeling, pasteurization, or cooking. Increases in the year-round consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables that are out of season in the United States, coupled with the… more
Abstract:The Phase II goals aim to build upon the successful feasibility study completed during Phase I study and to complete the research required to commercialize the functionalized silica beads for virus detection and point-of use treatment applications. The primary Phase II objectives are aimed at… more
Abstract:The goal of this research project is to develop a simple, rapid and highly automated sample collection system that will concentrate a broad range of pathogens simultaneously. The system will integrate continuous flow centrifugation with an innovative positively charged filter so that large (i.e.… more
Abstract:The firm proposes to continue the research on integrating engine failure and trending data to support Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM). The research will develop a prototype of the knowledge-based software analytical environment called the AFKS-RCMS (Air Force Knowledge Services - Reliability… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Alcohol abuse has become a major public health concern in the United States. In view of the enormous costs involved in addressing this problem, it is imperative that researchers have access to appropriate statistical tools to analyze their data. In terms of… more
Abstract:Proposed here is a novel approach to multi-spectral imaging that can be used for post-kill fireball analysis. This technology will allow for the rapid determination of the metallic content of a fireball. Using recently developed technology this system has a narrower bandwidth and greater continuum… more
Abstract:This proposal advocates the development of the Spatial Heterodyne Interferometer for Emergent Line Discrimination Spectroscopy (SHIELDS), a camcorder-sized spectrometer unit which detects chemical, biological, and radiological contaminants using Fraunhofer Line Discrimination. Rapid detection of… more
Abstract:This Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Phase I research project proposes a tunable dye laser for optical sensing based on the innovative dye-doped Holographic Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystals (HPDLC) technology. The demonstration of the tunable lasing of dye-doped HPDLC is the main focus… more
Abstract:Many of the areas designated for Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) and Formerly Used Defense Sites (FUDS) are contaminated with Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) that needs to be cleared of before being returned to civilian use. Despite the significant research and development efforts, there is still… more
Abstract:The overall objective of the proposed Phase II effort is the development and evaluation of the CONNECT PLUS suite of protocols. CONNECT PLUS includes schemes to enable MANET routing on heterogeneous environments and schemes for multi-ply routing, a novel technology that makes use of spare capacity… more
Abstract:Scientific Systems Company Inc. (SSCI) and University of California, Berkeley (UCB) jointly propose to implement and test computer-aided Autonomous Formation Flying Control Technology (AFF-CT) for heterogeneous formations of manned he
Abstract:The objective of this project is to develop a software tool to localize transmitters at unknown locations broadcasting with unknown power based on the intercepted transmissions aggregated from a network of receivers over time. The only information available for the localization is the signal power… more
Abstract:The main objective of this Phase II effort is to develop integrated health management and control reconfiguration algorithms that allow future space systems to respond autonomously and optimally to subsystem failure or degradation. This will involve developing new techniques for health monitoring… more
Abstract:The insider threat remains one of the most difficult to detect -- left alone to mitigate -- threats against information systems. The overall objective of the effort (Phase I and Phase II) is to produce and prototype a Distributed Insider Threat Detection System (DITDS) for distributed environments,… more
Abstract:The coupling of GPS and INS is often characterized as loose, tight, or ultra-tight depending on the nature of the GPS input to the navigation filter. Thus, considering the challenge of precision navigation without GPS, this project will test and validate the coupling of sensor (EO, IR) information… more
Abstract:SSCI, in collaboration with Boeing Phantom Works, proposes to develop and test an efficient Integrated Damage Adaptive Control System (IDACS). The proposed system is based on the development of a coupled structural and aerodynamic model of aircraft dynamics under wing damage, and multiple-model… more
Abstract:SSCI proposes to develop innovative algorithms for the integration of Health Monitoring (HM) subsystem with the existing FLARE (Fast on-Line Actuator Reconfiguration Enhancement) system that achieves rapid stabilization of the closed-loop flight control system in the presence of flight-critical… more
Abstract:This proposal presents the VAMAV system (Visual Awareness/Avoidance for a Micro Air Vehicle) for monocular visual collision detection and avoidance. Real time collision detection will be implemented using a time-to-collision approach based on area moment estimates of expansion from globally… more
Abstract:Sensor management of dispersed and disparate EO/IR sensors presents a daunting theoretical and practical challenge. Scientific Systems Company, Inc. of Woburn MA and its subcontractor, Lockheed Martin MS2 Tactical Systems (LMTS) of Eagan MN, propose a foundational, control-theoretic approach to such… more
Abstract:The objective of this project is to develop a method(s) for detecting, segmenting, and identifying man made objects from background terrain from sensor fused data using Evolutionary Algorithms (EAs). Phase I will develop proof-of-concept implementation and demonstrate the… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goal of this project is to develop a new highly sensitive and cost effective Reverse Transcription Quantitative Bioluminescence Assay (RT-qBLA) for high-throughput detection and quantification of large (mRNA) and small (microRNA) RNAs in diverse biological… more
Abstract:U.S. agricultural producers increasing subsidize raw product or commmodity production with off-farm jobs(90 percent of producers surveyed in Wisconsin) or federal subsidies, and marketing challenges are formidable for individual producers who attempt to add value to production and increase margins… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The incidence of congestive heart failure (CHF) is increasing worldwide with over one million new cases diagnosed annually. Over the past 30 years, counterpulsation with an intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) has been widely and successfully used as a short-term… more
Abstract:Before fuel cells will be adopted by the automotive market, the cost of proton exchange membrane (PEM) materials must be reduced through improved manufacturing quality control and quality assurance. In particular, tools and standard protocols are needed to measure keystone membrane properties: … more
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