Abstract:In this proposal, we present an approach for building the Internet Cleanroom (IC) that represents a radical departure from prior and current Internet security tools and practices. Where today's information security tools and practices focus either on building better software, filtering mechanisms… more
Abstract:This Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Phase I research project investigates novel technological approaches with strong theoretical backing, which improve privacy and security in biometrics. This proposal develops secure robust revocable biometric transforms, applicable across a range of… more
Abstract:The MOCA project will develop a network-enabled DSP+FPGA-enhanced image-intensified embedded system for self-contained low-power monitoring of crowds in open and in complex urban terrain. The Phase I effort will develop new algorithms explicitly for crowd management, rather than building on the… more
Abstract:Unloading of offshore supply or other small to medium sized vessel accomplished using sea state 5 capable modified two mast AutoLog system. Load is picked up from supply vessel and landed on the deck edge elevator, stabilized by computer controlled winches. System can accomodate containers or other… more
Abstract:There continues to be a robust commercial market for innovative bioinformatics software to aid in the interpretation of proteomics and genomics data. Given an mRNA or protein expression experiment, researchers need to link the observed changes to inferences about phenomena upstream and downstream of… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I research project introduces a new technical approach to utilizing company's optical polymer technology as a new commercial matrix platform for maximizing the performance capability of quantum dot (QD) devices in amplifiers, waveguides, and… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project describes innovative synthetic approaches utilizing perfluorocyclobutyl (PFCB) polymer platform technology to create commercially attractive membrane materials for removal of CO2 from natural gas. These new to the gas membrane art… more
Abstract:With increasing budgetary concerns and decreasing performance in science, high schools are seeking alternate approaches of providing traditional laboratory experiences in a safer, more interesting, and cost efficient manner. Most science educators agree that inquiry-based learning is an important… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The effective response to a medical crisis requires the participation and cooperation of many entities including emergency medical services, police and fire departments, hospitals, labs, and public health among others. To this day information discovery and… more
Abstract:This research will explore the development of an integrated software testing framework that enables source code instrumentation, test case extraction, analysis of test traces, symbolic reasoning about test traces and source code, algebraic specification of software behavior including specifications… more
Abstract:This SBIR project will define a means for specifying and executing multiple transliteration systems to map written words in scripts in a variety of natural languages into Latin scripts. The work will investigate the issues behind transliteration of place names. It will define a domain-specific… more
Abstract:A primary limitation to the implementation of new ground-based astronomy measurement techniques is the inaccuracy of navigation and targeting due to error in the celestial frame of reference. This celestial frame of reference is relied upon for satellite attitude determination, payload calibration,… more
Abstract:Chemical weapon nerve agents (CWNAs) are extremely deadly substances, and as a key element in the arsenals of rogue nations and terrorists who are willing to use them, they represent a constant threat to our military and civilian personnel. Current methods for detecting CWNA exposure in individuals… more
Abstract:100 cameras each with one million pixel resolution operating at 30 frames per second would require 24Gbps of bandwidth without data compression. Even at 100:1 compression the bandwidth is still large relative to existing digital systems, and this bandwidth is continuous. We propose a technology that… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I research project proposes the manufacture of high performance Ion Beam Sputtered, hard-coated thin-film interference filters on fused silica substrates in the ultraviolet UVB & UVC wavelength ranges between 230-320 nm. These high performance… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The proposed project is aimed at developing a novel class of drugs against chronic diseases associated with old age. Such agents act by inhibiting a newly discovered regulatory pathway that endows senescent cells with disease- promoting paracrine activities.… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The principal objective of this application is to establish a new methodology for the early detection of abnormal lesions, whether pre-cancerous or cancerous, in breast imaging. Early detection is crucial to identifying lesions while they are still contained when… more
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR Research Proposal addresses development of a handheld alpha detector. A broad range of nuclear threats and technologies are needed to prevent or mitigate nuclear incidents. Further, nuclear industries and research facilities benefit from improved detector capabilities. This project… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): A particularly important national need exists for enhancing safety and security of environments ranging from residential structures, to subways, to airports, and to borders. Chemical warfare agents are 1 of the major th
reats to homeland security. Research that… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This project is aimed at developing noise reduction algorithms for improving the intelligibility of speech for cochlear implant users. Phase 1 work showed that using directional microphone arrays in conjunction with dual-channel noise reduction algorithms… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This work is aimed at the development of a tactile aid for the deaf contained entirely in a single small unit that can be worn on an arm like a wristwatch. Two models of such a tactile aid will eventually be developed. The first, which is the primary motivation… more
Abstract:This proposal describes the continuation of a Phase I program to address the most significant sources of artifacts and noise in Computed Tomography (CT) images of large solid rocket motors (SRMs). Artifacts and noise can mask the presence of defects, as well as the subtle changes in composition due… more
Abstract:The impending need to test very high power lasers in open air range conditions poses new problems for safety and environmental engineers responsible for those tests. In particular, there is serious concern that a misdirected beam or specular reflection might leave the test range and injure… more
Abstract:In Phase I, we demonstrated the feasibility of generating repeatable handheld SAR images. This exploited handheld antennas, measurement hardware that calculated the antenna position across the SAR aperture, and signal processing software that motion compensated the data with assistance from the… more
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