Abstract:The individual software tools that make up the analytical capabilities for the design of entry vehicles using an aero-assist/aero-capture device have been fully developed. In fact the performance of such software against the flight data has been superb, and NASA has used the results to make… more
Abstract:In summary, the proposed Phase I work furthers our understanding of high-temperature superconducting (HTS) coils for gyrotron applications. A system trade study will be performed to minimize the overall weight of the system, while also maximizing the operating temperature, in order to minimize the… more
Abstract:Second generation (2G), High Temperature Superconductor (HTS) coated conductors are needed to modernize and expand America¿s electricity delivery system. These conductors consist of a flexible metallic substrate and a superconductor layer, separated by intermediate oxide layers. In practice,… more
Abstract:AMSC proposes to develop concepts and key components for the first militarily viable and commercializable Fault Current Limiter (FCL). This will utilize the 2nd generation High Temperature Superconductor (HTS) wire (YBCO Coated Conductor Technology) becoming commercially available now. Recent… more
Abstract:The Missile Defense Agency (MDA) does not currently have an automated, centralized database to store Rad-Hardening (Rad-Hard) vendor data and corresponding test results. Portions of this data are currently stored in a spreadsheet, without consistency, distributed access, robust data search,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The proposed Universal Fingerprinting Chips (UFCs) are microarrays of thousands of oligonucleotide probes designed to interrogate the "sequence space" occupied by essentially any genome or transcriptome. The probe sequences are selected according to specific… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): There are very few proven biological markers to support complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) adherence investigations. Most tools currently available to CAM investigators are oriented to bio-feedback techniques and of little proven efficacy for use in… more
Abstract:The measurement of cloud water content is of great importance in understanding the formation of clouds, their structure, and their radiative properties which in turn affect the climate. While a variety of sensors exist for making these measurements, all of the existing sensors require far too much… more
Abstract:Accurate observations and forecasts of meteorological conditions in the battlespace are of extreme importance to the most effective employment of military assets. In many instances, it is not possible to gather in-situ meteorological data by routine means such as sounding balloons carrying… more
Abstract:Military platforms expose personnel to extreme vertical vibrations. These vibrations can induce visual-vestibular disturbance or even permanent injury, resulting in spatial-disorientation-related mishaps or decreased performance due to motion-sickness. ANCO Engineers, Inc. proposes to investigate… more
Abstract:This project will focus on fabricating and optimizing a photodetector that utilizes the emerging technology of internal discrete amplification to create photon-counting sensitivity detectors with very high gain, ultra low noise, high quantum efficiency and GHz bandwidth for optical communications… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Numerous proteomics platforms for measuring multiple proteins in parallel have been developed, but adoption has been limited by the fact that they all are orders of magnitude less sensitive than standard ELISA assays. By contrast, methods for quantitatively… more
Abstract:Andrews Space, Inc. proposes an innovative transpiration cooled aerobrake TPS design that is thermally protective, structurally flexible, and lightweight. This innovative design will also meet launch volume constraints and satisfy terminal aerobraking requirements. The approach will focus on… more
Abstract:Radar targets provide a rich scattering environment that produces from 5 to 25 dB target fluctuations. The spatial dependence of target scattering has been understood for some time and it has been shown that targets produce essentially independent scattering returns when radiated from sufficiently… more
Abstract:This program aims to develop a novel composite PEM for multifunctional power generating structures. The innovation in the present effort is to take advantage of our capability and make use of the superior mechanical properties of the nanomaterial-based reinforcements including large aspect ratios,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Acne is the second most expensive skin disease, resulting in $2.23 billion in medical spending annually. Although the overall health is not impaired, acne can produce cutaneous and emotional scars that last a lifetime. It is not surprising that there is high… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Pulmonary Fibrosis is a diffuse interstitial lung disease characterized by chronic inflammation and progressive fibrosis of unknown etiology. Pulmonary fibrosis affects five million people worldwide and in the United States there are over 200,000 patients with… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Left untreated, myocardial ischemia can lead to cardiomyocyte death and pump failure. In fact, myocardial infarction is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the U.S. Recent evidence suggests that scatter factor / hepatocyte growth factor, exerts… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): It is estimated that the annual incidence of spinal cord injury (SCI), not including those who die at the scene of the accident, is approximately 11,000 cases each year. The number of living patients in the United States as of December 2003 who have SCI, has… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Renal transplantation is the most effective and cost-efficient treatment for patients in end-stage kidney failure. However ischemia-reperfusion injury, associated with the retrieval, storage and transplantation of kidneys is a major… more
Abstract:Game-based training (GBT) has been touted as a promising medium for achieving improved training objective performance outcomes and increasing learner motivation, particularly in military training environments. However, there is little empirical research upon which to make informed decisions about… more
Abstract:The purpose of this project is to establish the feasibility of an innovative training system to deliver advanced instruction in optimal leadership behaviors that promote cohesion in joint task force (JTF) teams. Termed Stalwart (System to Train Accelerated Leadership in Joint Warfighting Teams),… more
Abstract:Malicious software is an alarming threat - recent studies show: 80% of corporate computers are infected; 23% of surveyed companies reported deliberate malware downloads by employees; and 75% of the top 50 Internet worms were designed for identity theft. We identify three threat scenarios in defusing… more
Abstract:While the Armed Forces are successfully moving toward net-centric systems that provide vast amounts of real-time information about a situation, the distributed human users' capabilities to collaboratively create and share knowledge from that information has not received the attention it warrants. … more
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