Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The overall objective of this project is to develop an antagonist for the G-protein-coupled receptor FPRL1 (formyl peptide receptor-like 1) to test the hypothesis that blocking this receptor will prevent accumulation of inflammatory cells into plaques in… more
Abstract:The use of carnauba wax in melt/castable explosives yields a insensitive explosive formulation that enhances overall safety for the use of these munitions in the field. However, carnauba wax is only obtained from overseas sources and there is no domestic source for this material. This leads to… more
Abstract:One of the greatest technical challenge facing submarine communications is fielding antennas capable of high data rates required by future broadcast circuits. Example antennas include those for communications, navigation, and Identification of Friend or Foe (IFF) capabilities. As compared to surface… more
Abstract:Providing accurate PVT (Position, Velocity and Time) information is critical for network-centric warfare. The Global Positioning System (GPS) has become integral component for obtaining the PVT information on many DoD platforms. In addition of the weak signal power from GPS satellites, these GPS… more
Abstract:There is an increasing need for novel antenna apertures and surveillance components to address the network-centric environment envisioned for future Navy combat operations. Given the lack of available real-estate, the only viable approach is to reduce antenna size and increase aperture bandwidth to… more
Abstract:Optical filaments, formed by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses, provide high-intensity coherent white light in the atmosphere at great distances from the laser source. This high-intensity interrogation of the atmosphere yields backward directed emissions for detection from a sensor co-located… more
Abstract:Farmers, crop consultants, and regulators are constantly faced with management/policy decisions that require the integration of current crop and soil conditions, and current and future weather conditions. Farmers and crop consultants must make these management decisions within a regulatory… more
Abstract:This proposal is submitted under the Innovative Tools and Techniques Supporting the Practical Uses of Earth Science Observations topic. We seek to create a prototype rangeland decision support system that links remote sensing based rangeland products, a soil biogeochemical model and web-based tools… more
Abstract:The purpose of this STTR phase II proposal is to scale up and validate various space materials product forms based on material technology concepts proven feasible in STTR phase I efforts. The STTR phase I has successfully demonstrated low cost survivable multifunctional engineered material systems:… more
Abstract:identified needs for the thermal control and ESD functions of the Prometheus Program's hardware for the heat rejection system for the planned nuclear system. These efforts can also serve uniquely the (CEV) radiator systems needs. The TCMS for the radiators of the both CEV and Prometheus missions… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Non-adherence to medication is one of the most serious problems facing health care today. Older patients often find it difficult to remember when to take which medication, and in what quantities. Since older individuals are more disposed to memory loss, confusion… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In this SBIR we propose to demonstrate the technical feasibility of Mobile OCR, a portable software system which makes use of existing personal devices to provide access to textual materials for the elderly or the visually impaired. The system will help these low… more
Abstract:The project demonstrates the technical feasibility of smart-phone technology that utilizes a text and sign reader. A portable software module is compatible with existing personal devices and provides access to textual materials for persons with visual disabilities. Previous work on Optical… more
Abstract:Applied Minds, Inc. (AMI) seeks to investigate the application of a variety of techniques to enhance its current portfolio of technologies, based on previous research carried out at AMI and on work done for a variety of client organizations including the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL). AMI's… more
Abstract:The SBIR Phase I proposal aims to develop an ultra-sensitive long-wave infrared (LWIR) focal plane array (FPA) capable of working at thermal-electrically cooled temperature with a large field-of-view (FOV). LWIR FPA is of great importance in missile defense missions. Existing HgCdTe (MCT) and InSb… more
Abstract:Applied Optimization, Inc., in working with EWI, Inc. and Boeing Phantom Works, proposes to demonstrate feasibility of using friction stir welding [FSW] for the manufacturing of large Al 7050-T7451 preforms in four steps as follows. In the first step, representative preform will be generated from… more
Abstract:Though ladar and stereo have received far more attention for UGV navigation use, radar offers some unique benefits. Many radar systems have the ability to partially penetrate thin vegetation, fog, smoke, and other obscurants while detecting hidden solid obstacles. Also, some systems provide useful… more
Abstract:Pulsed power generators designed for driving High Power Microwave sources have generally been limited to resonant transformers and Marx generators, with each offering advantages and disadvantages. Both methods deliver high voltages with large amounts of energy, but the transformer-based method is… more
Abstract:The market for the APELC's helical antennas is immediate based on the needs of various military and commercial entities. The proposed ringdown system brings many more capabilities to DoD beyond air platform electronic warfare, such as to Homeland Security for stopping vehicles. The same system… more
Abstract:Under SBIR Topic N04-218, Applied Physical Sciences Corp. (APS) developed and demonstrated candidate modifications to the existing DD(X) Integrated Undersea Warfare System's High Frequency (IUWS-HF) bow sonar signal processor that would improve the sonar's mine-hunting capabilities in refractive,… more
Abstract:Off-board vehicles deployed in littoral environments are subjected to severe operational loads, including wave slamming, high-speed collision with debris, and underwater explosions. They additionally serve as sensor platforms, and would benefit from reduced self- and radiated noise for towed array… more
Abstract:Shock mitigation and vibration isolation of electronics, machinery and other selected components are critical in the design and safe operation of Naval surface combatants. Based on the different forcing functions and constraints that characterize 1. shock loading, and 2. vibration isolation of… more
Abstract:The DD(X) destroyer relies on sophisticated, dual frequency bow sonar for mine-avoidance, ASW, and torpedo defense. Existing approaches to in situ bow sonar calibration that use booms to extend hydrophones beyond the sonar, along with legacy nearfield-to-farfield projection algorithms, will not… more
Abstract:The use of unmanned surface vessels (USV) towing underwater sensors will be part of the Littoral Combat Ship concept of operations for mine, anti-submarine, and anti-surface ship warfare. However, the wave-induced motions of the USV may degrade or limit sensor performance unless measures are taken… more
Abstract:Intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance operations in the littorals require higher sensor densities than are generally necessary in blue-water environments, and inevitably place sensor platforms within striking range of enemy combatants. Technological preparations for the littoral battlespace… more
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