Abstract:NASA has expressed a need to identify and develop breakthrough technologies that have potential to provide increased scientific return at lower cost, and to enable missions and capabilities beyond current horizons. To make these missions feasible, advanced thermal materials are needed as thermal… more
Abstract:The Navy's vision is to transition all interior and exterior line of sight radio communications from analog to digital technology. Automated Digital Network System (ADNS) is one of the primary initiatives that would require the Navy's tactical systems, including voice, video, and data to… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Drug use is common among pregnant women, yet only an estimated 32 percent to 42 percent of prenatal care providers routinely ask patients about their use of drugs. Prenatal visits afford a unique opportunity for providers to educate women about prevention, and to… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Many experts consider the liver biopsy to be the most specific diagnostic tool used to assess the nature and severity of liver disease. There are many important reasons for performing liver biopsies, such as accurate diagnosing or ruling out any coexisting liver… more
Abstract:Energy Research Company (ERCo) has developed and proven the feasibility of a novel and highly powerful sensor technology for detecting films and residues of explosive materials. This sensor will enable the detection of improvised explosive devices (IED's), car bombs, and other weapons being used… more
Abstract:Aircraft noise abatement, particularly in the near vicinity of airports, is a serious and expensive problem for both military and civilian air fleets. Previous noise abatement efforts such as engine replacement, structural modifications, or the addition of a Hushkit, have yielded mixed results. … more
Abstract:Environmental exposure and hemorrhage are the primary contributing factors to the onset of hypothermia in soldiers injured on the battlefield. While several strategies including wool blankets, electric blankets, and forced air coverlets are currently available for use in casualty patient care, none… more
Abstract:Dependence on petroleum fuels represents a substantial portion of logistic burdens on a forward force. One possible remedy is the utilization of fuel sources available in the forward theatre. General wastes of deployment, such as plastic packaging, food scrap materials and paper are feedstocks… more
Abstract:Conversion of waste to useful fuel is an attractive alternative for forward deployed military units, not only to reduce the need for logistic fuels, but also to reduce the cots and the logistics burden of waste disposal, and to reduce the signature generated by the military waste foot print. In… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Radio frequency (RF) catheter ablation is an established treatment for patients with cardiac arrhythmias. RF ablation of atrio-ventricular nodal reentrant arrhythmias has been highly successful, since the known anatomy of the atrio-ventricular… more
Abstract:Cortical Spreading Depression (CSD) as a secondary phenomenon to traumatic head injury can herald further brain tissue damage well after the initial injury. The only way to reliably record CSD is through direct electrode contact with the brain. With modern equipment this requires that the skull… more
Abstract:The metal sheath used to protect the V-22 aircraft rotor blade leading edge against sand, rain and ice erosion, and provide heating to prevent ice buildup, is heavy, rigid and expensive. An elastomeric boot can offer lower weight, flexibility, abrasion-resistance and field repairability. However,… more
Abstract:To achieve the level of acoustic stealth required by the DD(X) a system of isolation mounts is required that can be used throughout the ship to minimize the transmission of vibration energy from machinery and electronics to the ship's hull. This system will also need to protect equipment from the… more
Abstract:Intracranial pressure, ICP, is arguably the single most important parameter used clinically to manage brain injury and long-term brain damage. Existing methods to record ICP are invasive, however, either going through the skull or into a brain ventricle. Many researchers are currently exploring… more
Abstract:Modern flight simulators utilize combinations of motion, visual stimulation, and occasionally tactile body stimulation. Despite advances in these fields, simulators remain limited in the amount and type of motion simulation they can impart to a pilot. Direct vestibular stimulation can generate… more
Abstract:Infoscitex Corporation and the University of Massachusetts Lowell will investigate the physiology of interactions of important cortical regions by culturing murine associative and motor neurons within physically-separated culture environments in a single culture dish, connected only via axons… more
Abstract:There is a need for a new generation of aerodynamic structures that have greater flight envelope capabilities with significantly better efficiency and damage recovery characteristics but yet are still cost effective to manufacture. Several attempts have been made to make more revolutionary advances… more
Abstract:The DoD has identified the need for advanced Anti-Tamper (AT) technologies to protect critical U.S. technologies from exploitation via reverse engineering. Current anti-tamper coating techniques commonly involve the use of flame-sprayed ceramic coatings for electronic components, which can cause… more
Abstract:The presence of residual explosive materials in areas previously used as ranges by the US military presents a significant safety and environmental health hazard. Current methods of detecting explosives in soils require extensive soil and/or water sampling and analysis using portable laboratories. … more
Abstract:Current interests within the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) foresee extension of exploratory space missions to the Moon, Mars, and beyond. Realization of these targets will require development of a range of advanced technologies including life support systems. Food represents… more
Abstract:This proposed Phase I program will address NASA's need for large diameter high radio frequency (Ka band 27- 40 GHz) apertures that provide greater gain and resolution for communications and remote sensing systems. This will be accomplished by developing a new high accuracy electro-textile antenna… more
Abstract:Rocket propulsion systems are used by many branches throughout the Department of Defense and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Current thrusts within the United States Army have led to increased interests in the use of gel bi-propulsion systems due to the performance, safety, and… more
Abstract:Lightweight composite structures are required to provide space vehicles with increased thrust-to-weight ratio and durability. New methods for toughening composites that also add functionality, such as making high temperature structural composites more thermally and electrically conductive, can… more
Abstract:Sand ingestion into aircraft turbine engines can cause severe erosion of turbine compressor components. This erosive blade wear will reduce engine efficiency. Repair/replacement of these blades is costly, both in terms of down time and labor and materials cost. Infoscitex proposes to develop and… more
Abstract:From a military standpoint, the ubiquitous incorporation of electronics as standard issue equipment for modern war fighters will undoubtedly increase exponentially in the near future. Information will need to be gathered, coalesced, and rapidly presented to the soldier in order to establish and… more
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