Abstract:When team members collaborate to solve a problem, each brings his or her own set of experiences, beliefs, assumptions, and cultural tenets. This is especially apparent when members come from diverse cultures, e.g., in Joint or Coalition mission planning. Training, doctrine, and leadership can help… more
Abstract:Intelligence analysts gather and synthesize information from multiple sources in response to both high priority requests and standing topics. Their expertise enables them to evaluate and process information effectively, but they spend too much time searching for relevant information. As ops tempo… more
Abstract:Traditional military training is becoming increasingly constrained by logistical challenges, geographic distribution of personnel, and limited resources, leading to an increased interest in game-based training approaches. However, training developers need to better understand how to develop… more
Abstract:Technology continues to advance at faster and faster rates. Often new technology is created with little regard for the impact to the humans who must use this technology. One new technology the Navy is considering using is autostereographic displays, which permit users to see a true 3D image without… more
Abstract:To support net-centric warfare, the Air Force must automate the generation and maintenance of metadata about both new and legacy information products. Metadata will enable Warfighters to retrieve necessary information quickly enough for accelerated ops tempos from among the rapidly increasing number… more
Abstract:There are numerous challenges associated with maintaining high-quality performance in complex operational environments. For Air Weapons Controllers (AWCs) maintaining high levels of proficiency is a critical and challenging task because of the complexity of the domain. AWCs are primarily responsible… more
Abstract:The environment in which the US military must operate has grown increasingly complex. Successful command hinges on the ability to quickly assemble and assign capable teams to cope with emergent demands, often across barriers of time and space. Thus it is imperative that a commander be able to… more
Abstract:Modern military simulations employ a variety of models to realistically represent warfighting capabilities and the environment in which these capabilities operate. These models and the simulations that use them attempt to capture the aspects of weapons systems that support training, mission… more
Abstract:Although distributed, simulation-based training exercises provide an opportunity for realistic team practice, they often fail to provide the relevant and timely feedback necessary for effective training to take place. In this project the Aptima team will combine its expertise in competency-based… more
Abstract:There is little question that drowsy driving and driver inattention are significant problems leading to large numbers of accident and loss of life. These sentiments are strongly confirmed in two recently published NHTSA reports make clear the relationship between driver inattention and vehicle… more
Abstract:We propose to develop the TPED Pedagogical Agent Coaching Technology (T-PACT) which will comprise a system of agent-based models and supporting technologies that enable the insertion of pedagogically-driven synthetic teammates within CrossCue, a simulation-based ISR training environment. The T-PACT… more
Abstract:Virtual and constructive simulation environments provide powerful practice for warfighters because they offer realistic events to which warfighters can respond. To use these environments for effective training, they must provide pedagogically sound training experiences which incorporate measures and… more
Abstract:The envisioned product of this SBIR is a Crew Resource Management (CRM) training program to enhance the time sensitive targeting (TST) skills of the Dynamic Targeting Cell (DTC) within the Combined Air and Space Operations Center (CAOC). We call this product IMPACT: Intervention Methods and… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Microarrays are a powerful way to measure the biological impact of contaminants in the environment. Because they are used to test changes in expression of many genes in parallel, they provide data on the mechanisms by which compounds affect health more quickly… more
Abstract:Hydrometeor impact/erosion qualification evaluations of aerospace vehicle components have to relate testing carried out in ground test facilities to what the components experience in the flight environment. The size distribution and condition of the hydrometeors that impact the surface of a radome… more
Abstract:If flight through real weather environments is to be realized, there are two very important problem areas that have to be addressed: the true nature of the weather environments of interest has to be understood and characterized, and the metrics established for these environments have to reflect to a… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I research project will demonstrate the feasibility of developing a tracheobronchial drug eluting stent (DES) by coating a biodegradable polymeric formulation of Paclitaxel (PTX) on a stent. The stent will provide immediate palliative therapy and… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Arbor Vita Corporation (AVC) has developed a novel cervical cancer diagnostic based on an understanding of the biology of human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV infection is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases with an estimated 5.5 million new… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Cervical cancer is a global health problem that continues to result in over 200,000 deaths a year and has one of the worst survival rates following diagnosis. Early detection of cervical abnormalities using the Pap smear has significantly reduced the number of… more
Abstract:Native grass seed is important to restoration or reclamation of burned, mined or otherwise disturbed lands. The native seed industry is growing rapidly to meet increasing demand for more seed species in commercial quantities. However, the morphology of the seed of many important species of native… more
Abstract:Lettuce is a major vegetable crop grown in the United States with a farm gate value in 2003 of $2 billion. For crops such as lettuce, the vegetative leaves of the plant are the harvested material. Because lettuce must be harvested before it flowers, premature flowering, or bolting, reduces crop… more
Abstract:A Fuzzy Integrated Navigation System (FINS) is proposed consisting of a GPS, Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) and Magnetic Sensing Unit (MSU). In addition to the traditional Inertial Navigation System composed of a tightly coupled GPS-IMU, a tightly coupled MSU-IMU is added along with Fuzzy Logic… more
Abstract:The work proposed here augments the increasing body of research on capturing energy from walking. It focuses on the aspects associated with converting the captured energy, in the form of physical displacement, into an electrical form. The proposed Power Generator Back Pack is based on a Vernier… more
Abstract:We propose to develop CW Quantum Cascade (QC) Lasers based on strain-balanced GaInAs/AlInAs/InP quantum well (QW) system using MOCVD growth techniques. We will design and fabricate lasers operate in the 4.5-4.8 ìm mid-IR wavelength region with high output power (>500 mW) at TE cooler temperature… more
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