Abstract:The warfighter requires long flight duration, hand-launched, small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). Batteries are expensive and provide limited flight duration. A viable alternative to batteries, that could provide higher gravimetric and volumetric energy density, and lower life cycle cost, are… more
Abstract:AeroAstro proposes to develop a wideband, broad area coverage RF sensor (antenna and receiver) capable of detecting the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated during a spacecraft's nominal operations. This EMI is an exploitable form of RF MASINT, specifically unintended radiated emissions… more
Abstract:The nature of human exploration missions to the Moon and Mars demands a frequency-agile, reconfigurable, durable digital radio delivering telemetry, ranging, voice, video, and data, with low Size, Weight, and Power (SWAP), and easy operation in the demanding space environment of Extra Vehicular… more
Abstract:Modern electronic systems tolerate only as many point failures as there are redundant system copies, using mere macro-scale redundancy. Fault Tolerant Electronics Supporting Space Exploration (FTESSE) creates an electronic design paradigm using reprogrammable FPGAs to create swappable Circuit… more
Abstract:Real-time estimation of relevant ionospheric parameters is required for military applications and to further our understanding of space weather and its societal and technological impacts. Currently, a major limitation in the modeling of ionospheric physics is a complete lack of input data… more
Abstract:Current survivability and engineering requirements for airframe platforms necessitate the automated application of numerous specialty coatings onto critical surfaces. One such critical surface is an airframes inlet duct OML surface. These specialty coatings have tight specification tolerances for… more
Abstract:Methane is the second most important atmospheric greenhouse gas after CO2, yet its global sources and sinks are still inadequately characterized. Recent observations that industrial plants may account for a substantial fraction of atmospheric methane have lead to an increased emphasis on studies of… more
Abstract:Recent enabling technologies are allowing Navy F18 strike aircraft and UAVs to work together fist-in-glove for close-quarters urban combat. Our proposal for TV2 (Targeting Video from VIVID) ties together these assets ever more effectively. TV2 remaps UAV target imagery into targeting imagery as… more
Abstract:Aerosol particles have important impacts on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health. A large fraction of the anthropogenic aerosol is generated from energy-related activities, and carbonaceous species are known to constitute a significant fraction of ambient aerosol mass in many… more
Abstract:The chemical composition of the exhaust streams of aircraft engines (augmented and non-augmented) and combustors are required for the determination of combustion efficiency and for understanding pollutant formation. Typically, extractive sampling is used to measure aircraft emissions; however, these… more
Abstract:The Army has identified solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) power systems as a potential solution to a variety of power needs ranging from roughly 0.1 - 100 kW. Reformed JP-8, the Army logistics fuel, can be used as the feed, but the fuel sulfur content must first be reduced to 10 ppm. We plan to test a… more
Abstract:National security interests related to the nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction require the remote detection of trace gases associated with the nuclear fuel cycle. Newly developed, mid-infrared, quantum cascade lasers have the potential to contribute to this application. These small… more
Abstract:Aerodyne Research, Inc. proposes to design, build and test a non-contact sampling wand intended for the detection of energetic materials which will involve collection and subsequent concentration of particles, and real-time coupling to a hand-held ion mobility spectrometer-based detector. This… more
Abstract:Aerosol particles affect the radiative balance of the earth directly, by scattering and absorbing solar and terrestrial radiation, and indirectly, by acting as cloud condensation nuclei. It is now recognized that atmospheric loading of aerosols, generated through human activities, can exert an… more
Abstract:If the QRCFC penetrated just 20% of the truck APU market, it will result in the reduction of over 12,000 tons of NOx, 20160 tons of CO, 544 tons of particulate, and 1.5 million tons of CO2 emissions each year. Besides this important application, the QRCFC could also provide similar benefits to… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The analysis of components in human breath is a powerful non-invasive technique for the diagnosis and monitoring of asthma, cystic fibrosis (CF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The presence of elevated
levels of nitric oxide (NO), carbon… more
Abstract:Communications security (COMSEC) is essential to satellite communications. Its role continues to grow as the available bandwidth expands to meet the ever increasing strategic and tactical data requirements of the 21st century. NASA's exploration of planetary surfaces will require a communication… more
Abstract:Aeronix will develop a MANET communication system for the SL-UAV. Aeronix proposes that this system will meet the following objectives: 1) UAV Command, Control and Status - The communication system will support command, control and status to the autopilot and guidance system of the SL-UAV via a… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Asthma is one of the most common and costly illnesses in the US, with over 20 million Americans suffering from asthma with an annual societal cost of over 18 billion. Sadly, about 5000 Americans die every year from ast
hma, even though most asthma death is… more
Abstract:Worldwide fossil-fuel consumption is skyrocketing, creating major social, political, economic, and environmental problems for the US and once again throwing the spotlight upon the urgent need for boosting renewable energy sources, including biodiesel. However, key technical and economic challenges… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Malaria sickens over 100 million people each year. The vast majority of the victims live in endemic, tropical countries. Aggressive mosquito eradication programs in the 1940s essentially ended the incidence of locally-a
cquired malaria in the US, but resurgence… more
Abstract:Aerophysics, together with subcontractor Raytheon Missile Systems, proposes to develop a Local Space Imaging System (LSIS) based on the proven AIM-9X Sidewinder missile gimbaled seeker. The LSIS will combine an AIM-9X-derived imager with an autonomous attitude determination system to provide… more
Abstract:Detection systems for aeropathogens require the concentration of airborne particles from large volumes of air into small volumes of liquid. This proposal addresses this need through droplet encapsulation of airborne particles, with subsequent capture into a microliter-sized collection reservoir.… more
Abstract:Current airspeed measurement systems on military and civilian rotorcraft pose a safety hazard and operational liability because the measurement of airspeeds is unreliable below 40 kts, because only forward air speed can be measured, and because the system cannot provide a directional component to… more
Abstract:Financial constraints, government recommendations, and the need for improved operational efficiency are requiring airlines to review their "on-condition" maintenance practices. Many of the specific conditions and events of interest to airline maintenance are not being monitored by automatic systems… more
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