Abstract:One of the critical issues for NASA missions requiring high contrast astrophysical imaging such as Terrestrial Planet Finder (TPF) is wavefront control. Without use of appropriate adaptive optics technology, it is impossible to obtain high quality imaging. Normal adaptive optics systems utilize a… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The objective of this Phase I research is to demonstrate the feasibility of creating timed-bioabsorbable Pd-103 seeds for the treatment of prostate tumors. Timed- bioabsorbable seeds have the combined benefits of titani
um seeds, high dose rate temporary seeds,… more
Abstract:This proposal is to develop a SATCOM resource model/toolset to provide the military SATCOM community the ability to examine communications systems' performance with respect to achieving maximum data rates for a given set of SATCOM terminals. The model will analyze the transmission capacity of… more
Abstract:This SBIR submission describes a proposal by XPRT Solutions Inc. - a DSCI Company, to develop a dynamic QoS aware agent for Manet networks. This effort considers the adoption of four applicable technologies, namely; Measurement Based Admission Control (MBAC)(that enables the network to respond to… more
Abstract:We propose to develop an x-ray imaging system to directly visualize and measure the 3D morphology of the nano-porous electrochemical interaction area of a solid oxide fuel cell. Extensive research efforts are required to increase the efficiency and reliability of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. The… more
Abstract:Directionally solidified nickel superalloys are commonly used in turbine blades for high temperature aircraft and space propulsion engines and land-based, high-efficiency power generating plants. The casting of these parts does not always assure perfect crystal grain orientation that is critical… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The objectives of this Phase II project are to develop and demonstrate a monochromatic-micro-x-ray fluorescence (MfXRF) instrument for high sensitivity and high spatial resolution (10-20 fm) mapping of trace metal distr
ibutions in human brain tissue from… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This project involves development and application of a low-power, compact, reliable, easy to operate instrument for measurement of trace elements in body fluids (urine, blood, serum/plasma). The trace element analyzer c
an be used in research clinic settings… more
Abstract:Xtalic Corporation possesses a new technology for controlling the nanostructure of electrodeposited metal coatings. Through precise control of the metallic grain size at nanometer length scales, this technology can create coatings with precisely tailored properties. These properties are generally… more
Abstract:A program is proposed to demonstrate the feasibility of a Steam Powered Electricity And Refrigeration (SPEAR) system for powering and cooling military electronic equipment shelters. The SPEAR system will utilize a scroll steam expander in a Mesoscale Steam Engine Generator (MSEG) to produce… more
Abstract:Current mission rehearsal trainers are custom physical mock-ups for each cockpit or operator interface training device, which provides the correct tactile feel, but since each mock up can only simulate one cockpit, these mock-ups are expensive, space-consuming, and inflexible. Virtual Reality (VR)… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I research project will develop a wearable tactile display system for blind individuals. The goal is to develop a tactile display which has the following features: (1) lightness, (2) conformability, (3) high spatial resolution, (4) low power… more
Abstract:Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries are attractive candidates for use as power sources in military, aerospace, commercial, and vehicular applications because they have high specific energy (up to 200 Wh/kg) and energy density (~ 500 Wh/L) and long cycle life (1,000 - 80,000 cycles currently depending on… more
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of producing a novel nano-engineered anode material that significantly shortens the Li+ diffusion length and enable lithium ion batteries capable of being quickly recharged in less than 15 minutes. A nanostructured electrode will be… more
Abstract:Many missions in remote locations are currently limited by the amount of power that can be carried on foot and/or left in place for unattended equipment operation. To solve the soldier's battery weight burden, advanced metal-air batteries are being developed. The monitoring of the effective battery… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will advance an efficient and lightweight energy storage device for Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAV) by developing a high energy density lithium-air cell with a radical new design. Specifically, the project advances high energy density cells by… more
Abstract:One of the problems with Li-ion technology is its somewhat limited ability to charge at high rates. At high charge rates lithium plating on the negative electrode can occur, which will hurt cycle life and could present safety risks. There is a need within the Army, Navy, other military services,… more
Abstract:One of the major challenges of developing aircraft is the development of an appropriate energy system. The energy system ideally has a large amount of energy with a very low weight. This equates to a high specific energy (Wh/kg). Lithium-air batteries offer the greatest theoretical specific energy… more
Abstract:This project will develop inexpensive and environmentally benign LiMnPO4 cathodes for applications to lithium-ion batteries (LIB) used in electric and hybrid electric vehicles. This cathode material is expected to be far safer than Li-ion batteries employing traditional layered LiMO2 (M=Co, Ni)… more
Abstract:Lithium-ion batteries are promising energy storage devices for hybrid and electric vehicles, providing high specific energy (approximately 150 Wh/kg), energy density (approximately 400 Wh/L), and long cycle life (greater than 15 years). However, these applications require further increases in… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project will advance a high energy and high power hybrid battery to power the dismounted soldier's electronics suite, and unattended sensors. One of the challenges of incorporating metal-air batteries into existing equipment is the power requirements… more
Abstract:Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries are attractive candidates for use as power sources in aerospace applications because they have high specific energy, energy density and long cycle life. Yardney/Lithion Inc has become the leader in cutting edge Lithium Ion batteries. At the present moment, two of the… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The purpose of this STTR Phase 1 application is to obtain proof-of-concept evidence that supports the indication of lobeline for the treatment of adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Research on the ne
urobiology of ADHD implicates abnormalities… more
Abstract:Large-volume CdZnTe detectors would improve radiation detection capabilities in support of the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons. However, the spectroscopic performance of current, large-volume Cadmium 10% Zinc Telluride, Cd0.9Zn0.1Te, (CZT) detectors is not sufficient for detection scenarios… more
Abstract:Eutrophication of environmental waters from the influx of nutrients can result in ecosystem
degradation caused by excessive plant and algae growth. Identification and prevention of the nutrient
loading problem can be addressed with measurements from deployed instrumentation only if… more
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