Abstract:Protein biomarkers are finding increasing application in Force Health Protection and health surveillance. However, very few biomarkers have been verified and validated. This deficiency has been ascribed primarily to availability of reagents (affinity probes). There is a need for assays to measure… more
Abstract:Understanding the response of solid rocket motors under cookoff and projectile impact scenarios is important to the safety of the military's weapon arsenal. In this SBIR, CFDRC, teamed with Merrill Beckstead of Brigham Young University (BYU), propose to develop an improved modeling tool for… more
Abstract:CFDRC proposes to develop some novel high performance solid propellant that will meet the requirement of Integrated High Payoff Rocket Propulsion Technology (IHPRPT) Phase III goals. The propellants will enhance the performance of space access vehicles, strategic, tactical and missile defense… more
Abstract:We propose the development of a high-throughput screening platform to facilitate the discovery of lead compounds from natural product extracts (NPEs). The proposed effort encompasses (a) utilization of NPEs from novel sources (cave organisms) with rich chemical diversity, (b) development of assays… more
Abstract:We propose to develop an advanced modeling tool to predict and to alleviate cavitation related turbopump instabilities. An existing "full cavitation model" developed by the proposing team and used in commercial CFD codes will be used as the starting point. The model will be improved by: a)… more
Abstract:Prediction of accurate heats of formation of solid propellant has tremendous implication in theoretically evaluating the performance of new generation solid propellants. While state-of-the-art quantum mechanical methods can accurately calculate the heat of formation in the gas phase, heat of… more
Abstract:Close-coupled fuel injector/flameholders used in modern augmentors face difficult challenges in static stability due to higher airflow velocities and higher levels of vitiation than past augmentors. In addition, close-coupled fuel injection schemes typically employ jet-in-crossflow methods to… more
Abstract:CFD Research Corporation (CFDRC) in conjunction with the New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) propose to develop a fuel gel based on the Army's most current tertiary amine MMH replacement fuel. We will develop a novel technology for the production of nanoparticles by employing the supercritical… more
Abstract:We propose to develop a novel nanofluidic, label-free sensor to detect the presence of ultra-low levels of Toxic Industrial Chemicals (TICs) in aqueous environmental samples. The envisioned handheld sensor will be hand-portable, be ruggedly constructed, support remote operation and be UAV-mountable.… more
Abstract:All NASA exploration systems operate in the extreme environments of space (Moon, Mars, etc.) and require reliable electronics capable of handling a wide temperature range (-180ýýC to +130ýýC) and high radiation levels. To design low-temperature radiation-hardened (rad-hard) electronics and… more
Abstract:Significant improvements in photovoltaic materials and systems are required to enable NASA future exploration missions. In this project, CFD Research Corporation (CFDRC) with University of California Riverside (UCR), Rochester Institute of Technology, and International Photonics will: 1) develop… more
Abstract:There is a clear and well-identified need for rapid, efficient, non-destructive detection and isolation of radiation damaged cells. Available commercial technologies are expensive, require core facilities and use destructive methods. We propose to develop and demonstrate a novel fully automated,… more
Abstract:Rocket plume impingement may cause significant damage and contaminate co-landed spacecraft and surrounding habitat structures during Lunar landing operations. Under this proposed SBIR program, CFDRC and the University of Florida will develop an innovative high-fidelity simulation system for… more
Abstract:Phase I analysis, testing and related research demonstrated charged fuel injection can reduce emissions, improve stability and enhance ignition in ultra compact combustion chambers and augmentor installations. Specific milestones to be achieved during Phase II include: (a) Further examination of… more
Abstract:Radiative heat fluxes are important in the design of launch vehicles for Project Constellation. In this Phase II STTR, CFDRC and its partner Mississippi State University will develop an innovative, comprehensive, high fidelity radiation module in the LOCI CFD framework that will enable NASA to… more
Abstract:Continuing military operations in sand environments have created an immediate need for the integration of advanced inlet particle separator technology and low-pressure drop barrier filters. CFDRC has teamed with Rolls Royce Liberty Works (RRLW - developer of a highly efficient advanced IPS… more
Abstract:There is a pressing need in the gas turbine community for advanced simulation-based methodologies that can reduce test requirements for gas turbine component/engine qualification. Currently, no such simulation methodology exists that is statistically accurate and employs high-fidelity simulations to… more
Abstract:The Navy's vision for an integrated electric warship implies generation of large amounts of energy for weaponry and sensors, with consequent challenges for thermal and power management system optimization. A predictive, rapid, accurate thermal analysis design tool will enable design of the critical… more
Abstract:We believe that the future of human body testing in military and civilian applications is in using a new generation of "dummies" - "virtual humans". This project will develop an integrated 3D Java framework for a user interactive Virtual Body framework, which can serve as a Virtual Body for… more
Abstract:Ionic liquids (ILs) are being considered as potential candidates for variety of applications, such as green propellants, solvents and biomedical applications. Therefore, there is a critical need to design novel ILs with desired properties. Simulation techniques, such as molecular dynamics, have the… more
Abstract:The goal of the proposed research is to develop a unified computational framework integrating adequate physical models for simulating complex non-equilibrium plasmas. Plasma dynamics is characterized by disparate spatial and temporal scales each described by appropriate physical models. The project… more
Abstract:The goal of this Project is to develop a high-fidelity computational tool for accurate prediction of aerothermal environment on transatmospheric vehicles. This computational tool will be based on the Unified Flow Solver (UFS) developed at CFDRC for hybrid simulations of rarefied, transitional and… more
Abstract:Higher efficiency solar cells are needed to reduce solar-array mass, volume, and cost. This project proposes: (i) Reliable, validated models for simulation, analysis, and design of Quantum Dot Superlattice (QDS) based nano-materials for high-efficiency, radiation-hardened photovoltaic cells and… more
Abstract:Warfighters increasingly rely on radio communication equipment to ensure safety, mission effectiveness, and situational awareness. Current military communication gear involves headphones and acoustic microphones. Unfortunately, headphones cover the ears and deteriorate detection and localization of… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project will develop, validate, and demonstrate a new technology for a low-temperature synthesis of vertically-aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNTs) and nanofibers (VACNFs). The low-temperature manufacturing process is critical to decrease the cost and… more
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