Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Human apyrase represents a highly promising therapy to reduce ischemia/reperfusion injury which occurs in10-20% of lung transplant recipients as the consequence of unavoidable processes of procurement, preservation and
restoring blood flow. This clinical… more
Abstract:One of the strategic goals for the United States armed forces is to win over the hearts and minds of the population in a military theater of operations. Special Operations Forces (SOF) perform missions in part to help win this battle for hearts and minds. In order to be more effective in attaining… more
Abstract:The Army's Future Force will transform human warfighting units into distributed teams of human and robotic assets. These robotic assets are envisioned to dramatically improve real-time situational awareness (SA) for human troops, and increase mission success. Aptima has tested these claims for DARPA… more
Abstract:The Space and Missile Systems Center (SMC) has a large number of employees that are close to retirement. With their departure a great deal of expertise, wisdom, and institutional knowledge will be leaving the workforce. This loss could lead to inefficiency and higher costs in engineering the future… more
Abstract:Repetitive crimes, such as the production of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) or supplying illegal drugs, present a growing challenge to society. Physical structures that can support these crimes provide potentially important invariants. The crimes must be situated somewhere, and the physical… more
Abstract:The potential for biological catastrophes, whether acts of war or naturally occurring, require military leaders to consider a variety of vexing scenarios. Commanders will be tasked with making difficult decisions that have critical implications for personnel, resources, and mission objectives. The… more
Abstract:Medical Support Operations teams need to learn how to work effectively and safely in a coordinated response to large scale disaster situations such as Hurricane Katrina and 9/11. A key challenge in such situations is the need for situation awareness at all levels of command, which requires… more
Abstract:We propose to produce CINAPS - Composable Interfaces for Networked Applications - a unique environment allowing operators to effectively compose interfaces for networked command and control applications. Using the unmanned vehicle domain as a command-and-control test case, this environment will… more
Abstract:We propose to produce COSMIC (Collaborative Optimization System for Mixed Initiative Control), a unique collaborative environment allowing multiple operators of heterogeneous unmanned vehicles to coordinate their efforts in accomplishing multiple high-level missions. Building on the work of the… more
Abstract:Effective simulator-based training can dramatically increase safety margins when pilots are flying actual aircraft. However, the effectiveness of simulator-based training hinges on the fidelity with which simulators capture critical features of actual flight situations. Aptima proposes to develop… more
Abstract:The Global War on Terror requires coalition forces to engage with diverse cultures. This requires robust knowledge of cultures and skill at handling them. Current cultural training devices fail to leverage the theory, data, or interfaces necessary to deliver culturally rich training and mission… more
Abstract:Current and future operational environments are likely to be characterized by a range of missions in a variety of locations around the world. For all these operational environments there is a large volume of data collected via sensors, human input, simulations and models that need to be analyzed to… more
Abstract:Traditional military training is becoming increasingly constrained by limited resources, geographic distribution of personnel, and the nature of ongoing operations, leading to an increased interest in the use of virtual training environments. However, training developers and systems acquisition… more
Abstract:In the battle to "win the hearts and minds" of civilians close to conflict, the U.S. armed services have had difficulty operating and interacting with cultures different from our own. This seems largely due to the difficulty of understanding how culture applies to a given situation, and how the… more
Abstract:Intelligence analysts gather and synthesize information from multiple sources in response to both high priority requests and standing topics. Their expertise enables them to evaluate and process information effectively. However, the time they spend searching for relevant information inevitably… more
Abstract:A key challenge for future immersive mission rehearsal and training systems is the control of computer-generated opposing and supporting friendly forces. Currently, large numbers of personnel (or pucksters) are required to control computer-generated forces (CGFs), especially in simulated urban… more
Abstract:The shipbuilding industry has a large number of workers that are close to retirement. With their departure a great deal of expertise will be leaving the workforce. This loss could lead to higher costs in the shipbuilding process. A method of capturing and transferring this experience and knowledge… more
Abstract:There are numerous challenges associated with maintaining high-quality performance in complex operational environments. For Air Weapons Controllers (AWCs), maintaining high levels of proficiency is a critical and challenging task because of the complexity of the domain. AWCs are primarily… more
Abstract:The environment which the US military must operate has grown increasingly complex. Successful command hinges on the ability to quickly assemble and assign capable teams to cope with emergent demands, often across barriers of time and space. It is imperative that a commander be able to quickly… more
Abstract:To support net-centric warfare, the Air Force must automate the generation and maintenance of metadata about both new and legacy information products. Metadata will enable Warfighters to retrieve necessary information quickly enough for accelerated ops tempos from among the rapidly increasing number… more
Abstract:Although distributed, simulation-based training exercises provide an opportunity for realistic team practice, they often fail to provide the relevant and timely feedback necessary for effective training to take place. In this project the Aptima team will combine its expertise in competency-based… more
Abstract:As Air Force missions become increasingly larger and more complex, the need for effective teamwork - such as shared situation awareness, coordination, and decision-making - becomes ever more critical to mission success. The Combined Air and Space Operations Center (CAOC) is one example of a large,… more
Abstract:The U.S. Navy is taking advantage of the revolution in information technology to support rapid evolution of its command and control systems. Along with the ability to rapidly reconfigure displays and controls comes the need to rigorously evaluate the effectiveness of new human-machine interface… more
Abstract:Voluntary behaviors such as alcohol consumption and unprotected sex can lead to serious health consequences for individuals, their family, and their social network, as well as present a serious public health concern. In order to reduce or eliminate the unwanted consequences of such voluntary… more
Abstract:With an increasing focus on Joint operations, current military training exercises are becoming more complex, relying on live, virtual, and constructive (LVC) environments. Currently, performance measurement, assessment, and feedback for JTF trainees in Joint training exercises focuses on… more
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