Abstract:Under the Phase I project, we have developed a Polarimetric Imaging System (PIS), integrated it with the 3-D Flash Ladar (FL), and have demonstrated operation of the integrated device: a PLADAR (Polarimetric Ladar). Furthermore, we have performed a detailed study of the ability of the PLADAR system… more
Abstract:Energy Research Company (ERCo) proposes the development of an instrument that provides novel real-time control of laser decoating processes by detecting the coating as it is being removed. The technology allows for precise and selective removal of the desired coating layer while preserving any… more
Abstract:Energy Research Company proposes the continued development of its proprietary technology, Laser Induced Acoustics (LIA), for standoff detection of VBIEDs and suicide bombers, and building a LIA based prototype suitable for high fidelity simulations. LIA uses a laser to interrogate a surface with the… more
Abstract:Slagging and fouling of heat transfer surfaces in coal-fired electric utility boilers is a significant intractable problem which can greatly increase fuel use and emissions of CO2, NOx and other gaseous pollutants. Unfortunately, the boiler operator has only limited data on the nature and extent of… more
Abstract:The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project involves development of Analytical Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIIBS), a breakthrough method of material analysis that will allow for heretofore unattainable process control capabilities in metal and glass production. This… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The ultimate goal of this project, development of an anti-TNF-1 drug for rheumatoid arthritis and/or other TNF-1 induced inflammatory diseases, remains unchanged from the original application. The Phase II project will
build on the Phase I identification of a… more
Abstract:There is an opportunity to build the HETE-2/TESS network of ground stations into an innovative and powerful Open System of Agile Stations, by developing a low-cost reconfigurable system based on the new commercial Software Designed Radios (SDR), and by establishing an internet based access system.… more
Abstract:Tracking of nuclear materials, military ordnance, and chemical and biological threat agents presents a significant challenge to the intelligence and military communities. The proliferation of non-tracked, illegally trafficked nuclear materials in particular has sparked considerable debate and is a… more
Abstract:Advanced Network Centric Warfare (NCW) systems are critical to the successful implementation of the Army's future force. To achieve accurate, secure, and reliable wireless communications in such systems, the information flow between any two communicating entities should be protected properly against… more
Abstract:Currently deployed defense space systems are hardened against naturally occurring environmental radiation. Man-made radiation threats such as lasers and other directed energy weapons pose a different danger entirely. Solar cell arrays can be disabled or damaged during a high power directed energy… more
Abstract:The current flight helmet provides impact protection while enabling communications and serving as a platform to mount helmet mounted devices (HMD) such as night vision goggles (NVG). However, aircrew flying air mobility and air refueling aircraft do not wear flight helmets although they must be… more
Abstract:Infoscitex proposes an innovative seating system for helicopter mobile aircrew, which is designed based upon a number of creative ideas. (a) A turning table, as the base of the entire structure, allows the seat to turn around by any degree. (b) A retractable sliding track, mounted on the turning… more
Abstract:This proposal addresses the space optic community's need for an optical bonding material with superior stability in the harsh space environment. Adhesives used in space must exhibit near-zero degassing, tolerate drastic temperature changes and be hardened to ionizing sources of radiation. The… more
Abstract:Hearing protection which targets the airborne vibrations traditionally associated with hearing has advanced considerably in the last two decades. Airborne noise can be blocked or reduced to the point where the limiting factor in the intensity of sound experienced by a subject is now in large part… more
Abstract:Since the start of U.S. involvement in the Middle East following 9/11/2001, field missions in these far field theatres have proven to be extremely dangerous, from IED incidents at the top of the list of potential threats, to RPG and mortar attacks, small arms fire, and vehicle rollover incidents. … more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Prematurely born infants and term infants with congenital heart disease often develop neurogenic dysphagia, a life-threatening condition characterized by difficulty in coordinating swallowing and breathing during breast
and bottle feeding, resulting in a failure… more
Abstract:Dehydration has considerable negative effects, and is a constant threat to our troops, who by necessity are physically active, weighed down by numerous pieces of armor and equipment, and serve in warm, dry climates. While each carry a supply of liquid and are trained to stay hydrated, it is… more
Abstract:The sophisticated technology of U.S. military weapons systems provides battlefield advantages that can save lives and reduce equipment loss. Electronics subsystems are critical components of modern weapons systems and are extensively employed throughout the DoD. It is therefore critical to protect… more
Abstract:Analysis of NASA science data is analyzed to understand dynamic systems such as the sun, oceans, and Earth's climate as well as to look back in time to explore the origins of the universe. Complex algorithms and intensive data processing are needed to interpret data over time, at various energy… more
Abstract:IST is proposing to integrate electrical conductors and antennas directly into composite structures using a new Synergistic Composite Conductor (SCC). IST's novel SCC technology enables small cross section electrical conductors that can be printed on or embedded into composites without degrading… more
Abstract:Unites States Navy, United States Air Force, and European Air Force have documented neck injury rates of 50% or higher ranging from minor neck strain to cervical vertebral fracture. Lighter helmets were developed and implemented in hopes of reducing injuries, but the modern trend has been to mount… more
Abstract:Improving the ability of ground-based simulators as a training mechanism for flight will enable faster and potentially more solid training of flight crew. With an eye to the requirements of the newest aircraft, which provide flight sensations and maneuvers previously impossible, we propose to… more
Abstract:Sanitation and disinfection of food products and food-contact surfaces is a major concern of forward deployed military forces. Current DoD protocols call for the use of oxidizing agents such as sodium hypochlorite and other mixed oxidants to neutralize potentially harmful biological compounds. … more
Abstract:All forms of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) are caused by a unique infectious agent termed "prion", a proteinaceous pathogen lacking nucleic acid. Prions are actually a misfolded variant of the normal mammalian prion protein, PrPc. Normal disease transmission occurs when prions are… more
Abstract:Simulator sickness prevents the use of simulators immediately prior to a mission. The main cause for simulator sickness appears to be a mismatch between ocular cues and vestibular cues. This is especially apparent in simulators that do not utilize a motion base, and logistically it is largely not… more
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