Abstract:Since the start of U.S. involvement in the Middle East following 9/11/2001, field missions in these far field theatres have proven to be extremely dangerous, from IED incidents at the top of the list of potential threats, to RPG and mortar attacks, small arms fire, and vehicle rollover incidents. … more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Prematurely born infants and term infants with congenital heart disease often develop neurogenic dysphagia, a life-threatening condition characterized by difficulty in coordinating swallowing and breathing during breast
and bottle feeding, resulting in a failure… more
Abstract:Dehydration has considerable negative effects, and is a constant threat to our troops, who by necessity are physically active, weighed down by numerous pieces of armor and equipment, and serve in warm, dry climates. While each carry a supply of liquid and are trained to stay hydrated, it is… more
Abstract:The sophisticated technology of U.S. military weapons systems provides battlefield advantages that can save lives and reduce equipment loss. Electronics subsystems are critical components of modern weapons systems and are extensively employed throughout the DoD. It is therefore critical to protect… more
Abstract:Analysis of NASA science data is analyzed to understand dynamic systems such as the sun, oceans, and Earth's climate as well as to look back in time to explore the origins of the universe. Complex algorithms and intensive data processing are needed to interpret data over time, at various energy… more
Abstract:IST is proposing to integrate electrical conductors and antennas directly into composite structures using a new Synergistic Composite Conductor (SCC). IST's novel SCC technology enables small cross section electrical conductors that can be printed on or embedded into composites without degrading… more
Abstract:Unites States Navy, United States Air Force, and European Air Force have documented neck injury rates of 50% or higher ranging from minor neck strain to cervical vertebral fracture. Lighter helmets were developed and implemented in hopes of reducing injuries, but the modern trend has been to mount… more
Abstract:Improving the ability of ground-based simulators as a training mechanism for flight will enable faster and potentially more solid training of flight crew. With an eye to the requirements of the newest aircraft, which provide flight sensations and maneuvers previously impossible, we propose to… more
Abstract:Sanitation and disinfection of food products and food-contact surfaces is a major concern of forward deployed military forces. Current DoD protocols call for the use of oxidizing agents such as sodium hypochlorite and other mixed oxidants to neutralize potentially harmful biological compounds. … more
Abstract:All forms of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) are caused by a unique infectious agent termed "prion", a proteinaceous pathogen lacking nucleic acid. Prions are actually a misfolded variant of the normal mammalian prion protein, PrPc. Normal disease transmission occurs when prions are… more
Abstract:Simulator sickness prevents the use of simulators immediately prior to a mission. The main cause for simulator sickness appears to be a mismatch between ocular cues and vestibular cues. This is especially apparent in simulators that do not utilize a motion base, and logistically it is largely not… more
Abstract:The noise signature of the USMC Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle (EFV) is excessively high for human safety factors, and impedes stealthy land operation which places military personnel at high risk of detection by adversaries. A dominant contributor of the noise is due to the air-cooled heat… more
Abstract:Lighter-than-atmosphere (LTA) systems provide significant advantages for planetary exploration due to their potential for extended mission duration, long traverse, and extensive surface coverage capabilities. However, LTA vehicles must withstand the atmosphere of these planets and moons. The… more
Abstract:Modern prosthetics have improved significantly with regards to control and functionality, but the fit of the residual limb within a prosthetic socket is a primary concern for many amputees. A poor fit can lead to skin irritation, tissue breakdown, and pain. The volume of the residual limb of an… more
Abstract:The titanium sheath that currently protects most leading edges of rotary wing aircraft is plagued with several issues associated with the thermal deicing system. Of greatest concern is the overheating damage. An elastomeric boot offers lower weight, flexibility, abrasion-resistance and field… more
Abstract:Vector borne diseases have posed a significant threat to soldier health in past and present foreign deployments. Currently deployed troops face several severe illnesses such as Leishmaniasis and Sand Fly Fever Virus that are transmitted by insects. There are no prophylactic vaccines available for… more
Abstract:Sand ingestion into aircraft engines, including diesel platforms for UAVs, can cause severe erosion of components. This erosive wear reduces engine efficiency and thrust. Repair/replacement of these components is costly, both in terms of mission readiness, and labor and materials cost. Infoscitex… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): An important approach for HIV/AIDS prevention is to diagnose co-infections that significantly increase the transmission of HIV. In this proposal, we propose to develop a rapid point-of-care (POC) test that simultaneous
ly diagnoses HIV-1 and two sexually… more
Abstract:To provide the Navy with a successful means of creating configurable underwater sensor networks an acoustic sensor system that can be mobile and self sufficient is required. IST's Phase I findings indicate that our energy harvesting approach is viable and could potentially be expanded to harvest… more
Abstract:Accurate orientation and position tracking is difficult to achieve over extended missions and in varying environments, such as ambient electromagnetic (EM) noise and inconsistent access to satellites or reference stations (such as vehicle mounted locators). Manufacturers of orientation and tracking… more
Abstract:DNA aptamers are promising highly-specific, environmentally-stable threat-detecting molecules. Unfortunately, the current method for generating these materials yields a product frought with a high concentration of ballast aptamers. A laborious, yet automated process is required to isolate the… more
Abstract:The Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle (EFV) has two aft exhaust ports that interface the heat exchangers to the external environment. An innovative solution is required to address the competing requirements of ballistic protection, airflow performance, and thermal signature. In this Phase II program,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): We propose to develop a novel microfluidic approach that will enable the realization of a truly long-term implantable artificial lung. There have been considerable advances in membrane oxygenation, including our own pre
vious work in creating a hollow fiber… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): An implantable wireless flow meter is proposed that would enable measurement of the flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) through the ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt, currently used to treat hydrocephalus patients. CSF flo
w is a key indicator of shunt function, and… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Robotics has found a well accepted role in surgical procedures, particularly in laparoscopic procedures where arms can now be used with remote manipulation by a surgeon with direct visual feedback from the laparoscope t
o dissect, suture, tie, and perform complex… more
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