Abstract:Some major military health problems are caused or exacerbated by environmental factors. Gulf War Syndrome, reactions to Agent Orange, and other such problems tend to have diverse symptoms and delayed (and variable) latencies to onset. A major reason they are so difficult to identify, diagnose, and… more
Abstract:In modern warfare, Soldiers frequently encounter situations that require sound ethical judgment. Recently there has been an increase in the situations where Soldiers have display unethical behavior in the face of trying circumstances. Given this, it is imperative that an ethical climate is… more
Abstract:As United States Air Force (USAF) missions become increasingly larger and more complex, the need for effective monitoring and assessment of operator state becomes ever more critical to mission success. Cognitive overload is, and will continue to be, a pervasive problem within a variety of… more
Abstract:The potential for biological catastrophes, whether acts of war or naturally occurring, requires military leaders to confront a variety of vexing scenarios. Commanders will be tasked with making difficult decisions that have critical implications for personnel, resources, and mission objectives. … more
Abstract:In less than a decade, UAVs have transitioned from a curiosity on the battlefield to a core capability for intelligence and attack. However, the intelligence that drives tactical decision making and flight control remains firmly lodged in the heads of expert operators. As more UAVs and other… more
Abstract:Decades of exponential advancement in computer capabilities have transformed the world, from toddlers' playthings to the technologies of war and peace. Some further advances are constrained by the limits of von Neumann machines; in particular, they do not learn well. Aptima proposes to conduct a… more
Abstract:Army leaders face a wide variety of emotionally charged situations. Success in dealing with these situations requires that Army leaders manage their emotions and those of others. Army leaders, however, receive relatively little training in this area. Neither the Army Leadership Field Manual (FM… more
Abstract:Advances in modeling and simulation, networking, and computer graphics technology have made it possible to conduct large-scale, distributed LVC training events, such as the Navy's Fleet Synthetic Training-Joint (FST-J) exercises on a regular basis. However, FST-J exercises are not without room for… more
Abstract:Live training of U.S. Navy and Marine Corps aviators is becoming increasingly constrained by the limited operational life of aircraft, geographic dispersion of personnel, and budgetary restrictions. Training professionals recognize the need for more efficient and effective training, and view… more
Abstract:Aptima Inc. and the MIT Media lab are pleased to submit this proposal for a Phase II continuation of its STTR Phase I project to develop a Spontaneous Collaboration Assistant and Linking Engine (SCALE). The present proposal is a joint effort of Aptima, Inc. and Perceptronics Solutions, Inc., who… more
Abstract:Attacks against patrols and convoys have become one of the defining characteristics of Operation Iraqi Freedom, with ambushes by snipers and improvised explosive devices (IEDs) accounting for a large proportion of US casualties due to the difficulty of detecting these threats in a complex and… more
Abstract:The runway safety issue has been on the Most Wanted list of the National Transportation Safety Board since the list's inception in 1990. The FAA has responded by implementing two ground surveillance technologies at major U.S. airports to reduce the risk of runway incursions. However, both… more
Abstract:As coordination and collaboration tools have become more sophisticated to support complex environments, research on tool-based interaction has become more crucial. Nowhere is the research more imperative than in military Special Operations, where effective collaboration in time pressured situations… more
Abstract:The United States provides experienced personnel to advise foreign military and security forces. Success in this critical role requires advisors to be more than just competent warriors. Unfortunately, there is a continuing gap between the degree of training, cultural, and interpersonal expertise… more
Abstract:Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) has been called the signature wound of Operation Iraqi Freedom. The rise in overall survival rates and increase in brain injuries can be attributed to advances in medical technology and Kevlar body armor, which effectively protects soldiers from otherwise fatal blows,… more
Abstract:Effects-based operations and mission-driven network management are becoming increasingly focused on leveraging "Command Intent." Arguably, the workflow of personnel can be linked to command intent, either by deriving command intent from the behaviors of personnel during missions, or evaluating… more
Abstract:There are numerous challenges associated with maintaining high quality performance in complex operational environments. In Stability, Security, Transition, and Reconstruction (SSTR) operations, personnel from different agencies must effectively collaborate despite having different agendas, standard… more
Abstract:Technology continues to advance at faster and faster rates. Often new technology is created with little regard for the impact to the humans who must use this technology. One new technology the Navy is considering using is autostereographic displays, which permit users to see a true 3D image without… more
Abstract:While on deployment, many military surgeons spend the bulk of their time performing trauma surgery. Because combat deployments frequently average one full year, such prolonged lapses in practice can degrade specialized knowledge and skills. This becomes a major problem upon the surgeons' return… more
Abstract:CoVE is a flexible, agile web-based tool, designed to support the collaborative analysis of Intelligence information, and its use by analysts in long-term strategic planning for the MHQ w/ MOC. The vision of CoVE rests upon the fundamental notion that advanced visualization techniques alone are not… more
Abstract:A key challenge for battlefield mission rehearsal and training systems is the estimation of enemy courses of action (COAs). Currently, adversarial COA development is a manual time-consuming process prone to errors due to limited knowledge about the adversary and its ability to adapt. Development of… more
Abstract:Virtual and constructive simulation environments provide powerful practice for warfighters because they offer realistic events to which the warfighters can respond. To use these environments for effective training, they must provide pedagogically sound training experiences which incorporate measures… more
Abstract:Aviation mishaps in the Navy and Marine Corps cost $677 million, and were responsible for 40 fatalities in 2005 despite the significant training resources expended by the Navy (Naval Safety Center Annual Review, 2005). These mishaps are thoroughly investigated, but their findings usually fail to… more
Abstract:Repetitive crimes, such as the production of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) or the supplying of illegal drugs, present a growing challenge to society. Physical structures that can support these crimes provide potentially important invariants. The crimes must be situated somewhere, and the… more
Abstract:In the battle to "win the hearts and minds" of civilians close to conflict, the U.S. armed services have had difficulty operating and interacting with cultures different from our own. This seems largely due to a lack of cultural intelligence. Specifically, the difficulty lies in understanding how… more
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