Abstract:U.S. Army helicopter fatigue sensitive dynamic components are required to maintain structural integrity throughout their operational life cycle. Typical metal alloy fatigue sensitive dynamic components require the presence of surface compressive residual stresses to inhibit the initiation and… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The proposed study utilizes novel electronics and microfabrication techniques to create scalable, in-vitro Multielectrode Array (MEA) technologies. This research will enable rapid advancements in the study of neural int
eractions and in the understanding and… more
Abstract:The proliferation of small, unmanned systems has established a nascent market for small, lightweight power plants, including both internal combustion engines and turbine systems. Recently, researchers have successfully developed breakthrough technologies in this market, such as the Meyer Nutating… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Long-term Objectives Aims: Sexual dysfunction is the most common long-term consequence of cancer treatment, affecting half of survivors of breast and gynecological cancer and many women treated for other cancers. Yet, f
ew women get the help they need for sexual… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): After surgery patients are transferred to a post anesthesia care unit to fully recover from anesthesia. There is a much higher chance of an adverse clinical event occurring during this recovery time (24%) than in the op
erating room because patients are not as… more
Abstract:Aymont Technology, Inc. (Aymont) will demonstrate the feasibility of SiC p-i-n avalanche photodiodes (APD) arrays. Aymont will demonstrate 4 x 4 arrays of 2 mm2 APDs for visible-blind high-sensitivity UV detection. These arrays will exhibit high gain (10^6), high quantum efficiency (peak < 50%),… more
Abstract:This project will demonstrate novel SiC avalanche photodiodes (APD) to replace photomultiplier tubes for gamma detection, a technology used in nuclear physics experiments. These avalanche photodiodes will enhance the sensitivity, resolution, and robustness of gamma detection at a reduced cost. The… more
Abstract:Legacy approaches to Radar Threat Warning such as SLQ-32 are being completely replaced through modernization programs such as SEWIP Block 2, which will likely replace IFM technology with a channelized receiver approach. In doing this, the benefits of COTS hardware modules can be leveraged, along… more
Abstract:The goal of this Phase I SBIR effort is to develop innovative techniques that exploit distributed apertures to defeat mainlobe jammers of MDA radar systems. Phase I will develop basic concepts for distributed aperture signal processing in this domain and establish their feasibility using a computer… more
Abstract:Night vision capability is one of the most important battlefield advantages of the U.S. military, especially in today's asymmetric warfare. The Gen III night vision goggles in service today is based on the vacuum tube technology with a semiconductor photo cathode, resulting in limitations on view… more
Abstract:Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) and Raman spectroscopy are developing rapidly for chemical and biochemical sensing applications. There is an urgent need for high-sensitivity detectors so as to minimize sample quantity and maximize detection range from the source. In most field-deployable… more
Abstract:Egypt Bay Aquafarms and its non-profit aquaculture incubator/research partner, the Downeast Institute for Applied Marine Research & Education (DEI) seeks to determine the feasibility of developing effective methods to farm hard clams, Mercenaria mercenaria, subtidally in eastern Maine using… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): We were originally awarded SBIR grant R43AT003183-01 in September 2005 to develop a miniature, wireless skin conductance monitor to measure hot flash frequency and severity. A prototype monitor was developed that measur
es changes in sternal skin conductance and… more
Abstract:Under this Phase I SBIR, Baker Engineering will conduct research through modeling and simulation for optimization of heavy fuel micro rotary engines. Research will be conducted using the UAV Engines Ltd. (UEL) model 74-1380 as the basis. Such a rotary would be the ideal engine for military engine… more
Abstract:Balcones Technologies, proposes to adapt actively controlled suspension technology developed for high performance off-road vehicles to address NASA's requirement for Active Vibration Control for Ground Support Equipment (GSE). This innovative approach to meeting NASA needs exploits approximately… more
Abstract:War fighters face increased risk in the post 9-11 era of expanding terrorist activity and urban military conflicts. The problem is compounded by complex modern urban areas and modern rules of engagement often preclude the use of wide area offensive tactics. Consequently dismounted forces are… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Skilled Service Personnel (SSP) support emergency response organizations during an emergency incident, and include laborers, operating engineers, carpenters, ironworkers, sanitation workers and utility workers. SSP
called to an emergency incident rarely have… more
Abstract:The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project seeks to develop significantly high-efficiency photovoltaic-cells (a.k.a. solar-cells) for clean electrical energy generation commercial applications. Conventional solar cell has the limitation in conversion efficiency, basically… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop an innovative high speed metallic interconnects technology for chip-to-chip interconnects utilizing standard material (e.g. FR4). With the continued growth in the integration density of CMOS (complementary metal-oxide… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Liver damage and failure due to various forms of hepatic injury is a significant source of overall morbidity and mortality in the US and worldwide. Persistent hepatic injury occurs during viral hepatitis, fatty liver di
sease (steatohepatitis), drug or alcohol… more
Abstract:A rocket engine turbopump design using a partial emission pump combined with a zero net positive suction pressure inducer design is proposed to achieve a robust, deep throttling capability in 5k to 15k lbf thrust range rocket engines. A partial emission pump can provide better low-flow/thrust… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Regional blood flow distributions in organs of experimental animals can be measured effectively by combining fluorescent microsphere methods with imaging cryomicrotomy. The number of flow measurements that can be made i
n a single animal is currently limited… more
Abstract:Increasingly, enemy forces employ technologies that either depend on RF communications or produce detectable RF signatures. Thus, there are many types of RF signals and signatures that can be detected over a variety of different frequency bands and environments by RF sensors. When received, this… more
Abstract:It is well-understood that actuator nonlinearities, such as free-play, can induce limit cycle oscillations (LCO) in otherwise stable closed-loop systems. In flight control systems, free-play specifications are often set conservatively in order to preclude free-play-induced LCO. However,… more
Abstract:The ability to accurately anticipate target behavior on the basis of surveillance data is critical in many military and civilian contexts. Information regarding target behavior may be drawn from a variety of sources, each of which suffers from uncertainties in the form of noise, inaccuracies, and… more
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