Abstract:Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) systems are becoming more and more complex, with ever increasing fidelity of data and ever increasing numbers of deployable UAVs and other sensors. Error rates are currently the best predictor of performance in autonomous, human, and… more
Abstract:A key challenge for net-centric warfare in the age of information is: How do we know that our actions are having the desired effects? This deceptively simple question often goes unanswered despite the increasingly massive amounts of information available. In the Air and Space Operations Center… more
Abstract:To succeed against superior resources and technology, modern adversaries typically adopt asymmetric tactics to wage unconventional warfare. Current adversaries organize activities through small covert groups based primarily on existing relationships among family and friends. Identifying the networks… more
Abstract:Coordination and collaboration tools have become more sophisticated, allowing distributed collaboration to occur between operational centers and forward-deployed Special Operations units. With distributed, asynchronous collaboration, however, the opportunity for uncertainty in team… more
Abstract:Problem: Marines in the field rely heavily on their ability to survey the human landscape for potential insurgents and other individuals of interest. To support this activity, the Marines"Combat Hunter program trains behavioral"profiling", a set of skills used by military and civilian… more
Abstract:As technology advances, the number and types of virtual training environments that training designers and acquisition professionals have to select from is exponentially growing. Reaching high levels of skill requires novel approaches to training (DoD, 2004) to ensure that training resources are… more
Abstract:A key challenge to the future deployment of DARPA's Chemical Robots (ChemBots) ChemBots is a system for controlling them that operates in a distributed fashion. There are three primary requirements: 1) its distributed nature must be transparent to the user; 2) it must exploit local acting and… more
Abstract:Environmental management of at-risk sites requires decision-makers to integrate heterogeneous technical information with stakeholder values. Current models exist to specifically address the technical or numerical environmental conditions, and separately to provide decision analysis. A comprehensive… more
Abstract:All Soldiers are required to master 17 First Aid procedures in basic training. These 17 procedures are described in 99 pages of the Soldiers' Manual of Common Tasks. To even the best student, recall of these exact procedures in a stressful situation would be challenging. This proposal outlines a… more
Abstract:The space domain presents a deluge of disparate data overloading analysts to the point where critical information can be missed. The abundance of data heightens the appeal of information fusion solutions. In general, sensor fusion approaches can be viewed as bottom-up and driven by technical… more
Abstract:Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) has been called the signature wound of the Iraq War. A large percentage of Soldiers with TBI exhibits significant communication impairments, often in the absence of hearing loss. These individuals suffer from auditory processing deficits and are more likely to benefit… more
Abstract:Live training is the United States Marine Corps' preferred method of training infantry operations. However, such training practices prove difficult in providing detailed assessment of the participants' performance because of a number of factors including the number of participants and the complexity… more
Abstract:Modern military systems employ a variety of models to realistically represent warfighting capabilities and the environment in which these capabilities operate. However, these models rarely represent the uncertainty inherent in real-world domains. Further, the systems rarely visualize uncertainty in… more
Abstract:With the increased deployment and use of space assets, a number of interesting and challenging problems have come to the fore. The persistent nature of space surveillance, the mass of data, the varied sources, and the heterogeneous needs of consumers and producers, all point to a pressing need for… more
Abstract:In todays conflicts and wars against asymmetric adversaries the battlefield has grown beyond clear frontlines to reach into otherwise peaceful societies, across multiple countries, and even into cyberspace. Intelligence collection planners and analysts are overwhelmed by the information flow, racing… more
Abstract:Advanced Army command and control (C2) technologies will enable Soldiers and teams within and across echelons to "see first, understand first, act first, and finish decisively" in a dynamically changing battlefield. The ability of these systems to ensure tactical success is directly linked to the… more
Abstract:The need to fight and control the urban terrain is not a new concept for the military; however, there are new obstacles, illustrated in the battles fought and won in Fallujah and Haditha, that make the job of the warfighter much harder. Due to the pioneering work of researchers in the field of… more
Abstract:With the migration towards integrated live, virtual, and constructive (LVC) training, there is an increasing need to understand human performance both within and across LVC environments. The problem with current data formats is that they are often incompatible, with no common specification across… more
Abstract:As the single locus of control for all space operations, the Commander of the Joint Functional Component Command Space (CDR JFCC Space) must marshal data that are disparate, distributed, and dynamic, and which even under optimal conditions compose a mosaic of uncertainty. Despite great advances in… more
Abstract:Organizations such as the AOC must manage workflow well in order to coordinate the activity of interdependent cells and allocate network resources. Current Air Force technologies for managing workflow require a large investment of expert time to build and maintain workflow models. This jeopardizes… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will focus on oral delivery of an antiviral treatment for White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV)for use in shrimp aquaculture. This antiviral is based on the concept of RNA inhibition, or RNAi, and is focused on priming the shrimp?s natural… more
Abstract:This award is funded under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-5). This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will investigate a new transgenic approach to induce sterility in economically important species, with initial applications in aquaculture. This… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): There are currently between 500,000 and 2.5 million leaking underground fuel storage tanks in the United States. Soluble organic compounds that enter the groundwater from these tanks can be a major hazard to public heal
th and the environment. Two contaminate… more
Abstract:Every year more than 12 million Americans enjoy fishing in our oceans and along our coasts. These saltwater anglers generate close to $30 billion in economic impact and support nearly 350,000 jobs nationwide. A large majority of these anglers prefer to use live bait; however, the supply of live bait… more
Abstract:In this Phase I effort our team, a collaboration between Traycer Diagnostic Systems and The University of Notre Dame, proposes to develop a single pixel detector of terahertz frequency electromagnetic radiation. The devices we propose are AlN/GaN high electron mobility transistors which, via the… more
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