Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Systemic treatment with the bacterial flagellin protein, a Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5) agonist, provides protection against high dose radiation through activation of nuclear factor-(B (NF-(B). NF-(B signaling induces mu
ltiple factors that contribute to cell… more
Abstract:The cost of electricity for small wind turbines is too high, and the installation process is too cumbersome, to achieve the widespread deployment goals of industry stakeholders. Guyed towers, which are traditionally the least expensive to erect, represent one approach to cost savings, but these… more
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of generating realistic ocean-like ground planes for the RCS prediction of small vessels in both shallow and deepwater environments. Although significant progress has been made in furthering the state-of-the-art in electromagnetic… more
Abstract:The proposed Phase II effort will build upon the success of the Phase I work by improving the low temperature hydrogen release characteristics of nanostructured hydride materials, scaling up the synthetic method, constructing a compact hydride-based hydro
Abstract:Small diesel gensets (less than 5 kW) used by the military are often sized for maximum loads, but are run usually run at only partial load. This leads to poor fuel economy, wet-stacking, and the reliability problems associated with it. Aspen Products Group, Inc. proposes to eliminate the problem of… more
Abstract:A flameless JP-8 combustion and heat transfer technology will be developed for use in man-portable field-kitchen appliances. The technology developed is based on diffuse combustion on catalyst-coated heat transfer surfaces, and use of a passive fuel vaporizer. By using the passive vaporizer and… more
Abstract:Oxygen-blown coal gasification and combustion provide promising pathways to highly efficient coal-based energy generation without carbon emissions. However, the processes currently used to generate large-volume oxygen streams tend to be capital and energy intensive, resulting in higher electricity… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will demonstrate the feasibility of fabricating cost-effective, LNG-compatible, fiber-reinforced aerogel insulation that is mechanically strong while retaining the unique highly insulating properties of aerogels . Perlite and PUF have a number… more
Abstract:The exploration of space requires that new technologies be developed for long-term cryogenic propellant storage applications in-space, on the lunar surface, and on the Earth. The Altair ascent stage requires LO2 and LCH4 storage durations of up to 14 days in LEO and up to an additional 210 days on… more
Abstract:The overall objective of the Phase II project is to develop lightweight reinforced aerogel materials for use as the core structural insulation material in multifunctional thermal protection systems for next generation hypersonic vehicles. During this Phase II SBIR project, we will build on the… more
Abstract:Energy-efficient cryogenic insulation is an imperative requirement for the future of space travel. In order to advance the space program, NASA must find cost effective solutions to store and disperse propellants at cryogenic temperatures. The true cost for an insulation material depends upon the… more
Abstract:Multi-Layer Insulation (MLI) is the most commonly used thermal insulation material for spacecraft applications due to its low thermal conductivity in vacuum. However, MLI has several problems including thermal shorts, is labor intensive to fabricate and install and its performance is negatively… more
Abstract:Aspen Systems proposes to develop a small mobile personal cooling system that can be worn conveniently by individuals with heat-related disabilities. The need for such an assistive technology is significant among this group in the United States, having the potential to impact more than one… more
Abstract:Refrigeration, air conditioning, and other cooling requirements in the buildings, industry, and transportation sectors account for about 10 quads of U.S. primary energy consumption. Since the efficiency of the best Vapor Compression Cycle (VCC) systems may be approaching asymptotic values; the… more
Abstract:AmericaÂ¿s dependence on foreign sources of fuel represents an economic and security threat for the country. Solar concentration power (SCP) production systems offer the opportunity to harness one of the United StatesÂ¿ most under utilized natural resources; sunlight. However, although the… more
Abstract:Thermal Management Technologies (TMT), a newly formed small business with strategic ties to the Space Dynamics Laboratory (SDL) at Utah State University, is proposing to determine the feasibility of fabricating isothermal panels and inter-panel connections that will meet the thermal performance… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project aims to accelerate construction of humane, efficient and intuitive user interface (UI) - a system of small, wireless, gesture-sensitive displays that act in concert as one interface. People can efficiently execute cognitive tasks through… more
Abstract:Solar Roadways Incorporated envisions replacing current asphalt surfaces with modular Solar Road Panels: structurally-engineered solar panels that can be driven upon. The roadway will generate electricity, become our nation's power grid, make all-electric vehicles practical, and… more
Abstract:Night vision sensors have become ubiquitous in military, security, and commercial systems. Motivated by the growing body of evidence that suggests that existing midwave sensors are not configured to produce optimal image contrast over a wide range of operating temperatures and dynamic ranges, a… more
Abstract:The proposed technology has the potential to change the paradigm such that the traditional "brute-force" method of the mechanical breaker is replaced with natural commutation. Further, a downfall of the conventional solid-state breaker is that it still must interrupt large fault currents requiring… more
Abstract:This proposal describes an innovative reliability defect detection and fault propagation approach for improving integrated circuit reliability while minimizing impact on area overhead, power consumption, and electrical performance degradation over indigenous libraries. The approach is based on an… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Acute radiation enteritis is caused by radiation-induced death of the normal cells in the lining of the bowel. As bowel cells die and are not replaced, gastrointestinal toxicity develops over the next few days and w
eeks with chronic diarrhea, vomiting and… more
Abstract:The application of robotics in automotive manufacturing have established high levels of productivity and quality but these gains have not penetrated the aerospace industry due to the positional accuracy requirements and the fact that robots are not accurate. It is important then, to develop… more
Abstract:This award is funded under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-5). This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project seeks to develop an analysis method based on plasma physics with unique advantages for in situ process control in coal-fired power plants… more
Abstract:There is a defined need for long term earth based testing for the development and deployment of two-phase flow systems in reduced-gravity, including lunar gravity, conditions. The proposed study intends to develop a scaling methodology to meet this requirement. A hierarchical two-tiered scaling… more
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