Abstract:The modern military environment is shifting towards the paradigm of network-centric warfare (NCW). NCW harnesses the power of multiple information systems operating concurrently and makes a wealth of information available to the Warfighter, but can result in information overload. As a result, there… more
Abstract:Hemorrhagic shock remains a leading cause of death for soldiers on the battlefield. The first 60 minutes following a traumatic injury is vital to saving lives; therefore, it is critical to provide medical personnel with real time monitoring of soldiers with traumatic injuries. Recent research… more
Abstract:To maximize situational awareness and survivability in littoral environments, Navy submarines must be able to quickly distinguish between hostile targets and similarly-sized non-hostile vessels. Currently, skilled personnel determine if each contact is hostile. This approach is limited by the number… more
Abstract:With the central role that computers and networks play in the DoDs network-centric environment, all warfighters must have the knowledge and awareness of how information assurance (IA) threats and exploits can significantly degrade operational readiness. While IA threats have been recognized for… more
Abstract:The Network-Centric Warfare paradigm will provide Ground Soldiers in the U.S. Army with large amounts of information needed to maintain Situational Awareness and perform successfully in the field. Current information interfaces lack a targeted operational focus and provide a broad superset of data,… more
Abstract:Current trends suggest that in future concepts of operations, ubiquitous sensors will transparently provide ISR and decision support on demand to the warfighter without the need for tasking or querying individual sensors. Before this can happen, however, it is essential to significantly improve the… more
Abstract:The prominent role that space-based assets play in ISR, navigation, communications, and targeting exposes a critical vulnerability for US military operations. To maintain our military dominance, the US Air Force is actively pursuing Space Situation Awareness (SSA) and Defensive Counterspace (DCS)… more
Abstract:Advanced automation capabilities and human-computer interfaces are needed to enhance operator situation awareness and reduce the cognitive work of supervising unmanned vehicle teams in complex airspaces and waterspaces. To address this need, we will design and demonstrate Advanced Replanning and… more
Abstract:Human Intelligence (HUMINT) collectors, whether trained Military Intelligence (MI) experts or Infantrymen, face a transition in the way they collect intelligence from indigenous populations, particularly in Counter-Insurgency (COIN) operations. This transition is driven by the high frequency with… more
Abstract:Cyberspace is a war-fighting domain, and cyber warfare poses a real and significant threat to the security of the United States. Today's nation-state-class attacks target critical software applications and intellectual property via acts of piracy, theft, and reverse engineering. They are… more
Abstract:The U.S. Military relies extensively on space assets to support intelligence, surveillance, communications, and targeting. Effective defensive counterspace (DCS) to protect and defend those space assets begins with the ability to maintain space situational awareness (SSA). The detection and… more
Abstract:Air Traffic Control is a critical function in the U.S. Army, the proper training of which remains of utmost importance to maintain a safe, orderly, and expeditious flow of military air traffic. Fully staffing simulated training exercises with qualified human pilots can be costly and difficult to… more
Abstract:As evidenced by recent events, missile defense remains a crucial component for protecting the United States and her allies from potential long range threats. Modeling and simulation (M&S) is recognized by the Missile Defense Agency as a key enabling technology supporting Warfighters and analysts… more
Abstract:Improved first aid training tools and rehearsal methodologies based on visual learning and recall represent a promising approach to reducing battlefield fatalities. To support visual learning of first aid skills, we will design and demonstrate Pictorial Representations of Medical Procedures to Train… more
Abstract:Robotic vehicles, unmanned systems, and critical command and control networks need to operate effectively in complex, dynamic, and adversarial environments. Currently, fielded systems are not up to the task as they are not able to dynamically modify their behavior to suit the changing environment… more
Abstract:The goal of Net-Centric Warfare (NCW) is to provide the warfighter with the right information at the right time. As command and control (C2) doctrine and tactics evolve with NCW at their core, mission critical tasks become increasingly reliant on the integrity and responsiveness of network resources… more
Abstract:Standoff weapons such as seeker missiles enable strikes at targets of opportunity in limited-access areas while minimizing risk to warfighters. However, seekers cannot be deployed quickly enough for these short-notice, opportunistic missions because of two limitations of their onboard ATR systems:… more
Abstract:Mobile robots are a valuable asset to warfighters, keeping them out of harms way while remotely conducting dangerous bomb-disposal and reconnaissance missions. Autonomous and semi-autonomous operation of these robots would provide additional benefit by freeing up the attention of the operator for… more
Abstract:Current military operations are increasingly dependent on Information Operations (IO), which demand an in-depth understanding of the impact of an IO course of action (COA) on targets in the Area of Operations (AO). Currently, IO COA planning follows the process of traditional kinetic COA generation,… more
Abstract:As the use of persistent aerial video surveillance has grown, the means to produce imagery has far outstripped the means to exploit imagery. Due to this discrepancy, video is often archived for off-line review, resulting in massive video databases that are drastically under-utilized today. To help… more
Abstract:Persistent Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) is playing an increasingly important role in modern warfare and has spurred the development of large-format imaging sensors that will continuously image an entire city or town at a ground sample distance (GSD) as small as 10cm. Deployed… more
Abstract:Applications that incorporate Human Behavior Models (HBMs) have the potential to improve the training, decision-making, and even the operational effectiveness of US forces. This software can mimic human decision-making, reasoning, learning, social and cultural biases, as well as perceptual,… more
Abstract:While significant advances have been made in technologies for automatically acquiring and trackingand even identifyingdismounts in video, automatic characterization of human behavior remains an open problem that hinders our intelligence dominance against asymmetric threats. To enable the development… more
Abstract:An operator within the JSpOC faces a continuous and rapid flow of intelligence from disparate and distributed sensors, theatre participants, and other operators, all of which may or may not accurately reflect the current operational situation. Despite having technology that fuses these heterogeneous… more
Abstract:The Army has a clear need for a small mobile robot capable of accompanying a single soldier. Such a robot would help solve both logistical problems of individual soldiers needing to transport more equipment and supplies than they can carry in a backpack, and tactical problems of scouting unsafe… more
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