Abstract:With the increased deployment and use of space assets, a number of interesting and challenging problems have come to the fore. The persistent nature of space surveillance, the mass of data, the varied sources, and the heterogeneous needs of consumers and producers, all point to a pressing need for… more
Abstract:In todays conflicts and wars against asymmetric adversaries the battlefield has grown beyond clear frontlines to reach into otherwise peaceful societies, across multiple countries, and even into cyberspace. Intelligence collection planners and analysts are overwhelmed by the information flow, racing… more
Abstract:Advanced Army command and control (C2) technologies will enable Soldiers and teams within and across echelons to "see first, understand first, act first, and finish decisively" in a dynamically changing battlefield. The ability of these systems to ensure tactical success is directly linked to the… more
Abstract:The need to fight and control the urban terrain is not a new concept for the military; however, there are new obstacles, illustrated in the battles fought and won in Fallujah and Haditha, that make the job of the warfighter much harder. Due to the pioneering work of researchers in the field of… more
Abstract:With the migration towards integrated live, virtual, and constructive (LVC) training, there is an increasing need to understand human performance both within and across LVC environments. The problem with current data formats is that they are often incompatible, with no common specification across… more
Abstract:As the single locus of control for all space operations, the Commander of the Joint Functional Component Command Space (CDR JFCC Space) must marshal data that are disparate, distributed, and dynamic, and which even under optimal conditions compose a mosaic of uncertainty. Despite great advances in… more
Abstract:Organizations such as the AOC must manage workflow well in order to coordinate the activity of interdependent cells and allocate network resources. Current Air Force technologies for managing workflow require a large investment of expert time to build and maintain workflow models. This jeopardizes… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will focus on oral delivery of an antiviral treatment for White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV)for use in shrimp aquaculture. This antiviral is based on the concept of RNA inhibition, or RNAi, and is focused on priming the shrimp?s natural… more
Abstract:This award is funded under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-5). This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will investigate a new transgenic approach to induce sterility in economically important species, with initial applications in aquaculture. This… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): There are currently between 500,000 and 2.5 million leaking underground fuel storage tanks in the United States. Soluble organic compounds that enter the groundwater from these tanks can be a major hazard to public heal
th and the environment. Two contaminate… more
Abstract:Every year more than 12 million Americans enjoy fishing in our oceans and along our coasts. These saltwater anglers generate close to $30 billion in economic impact and support nearly 350,000 jobs nationwide. A large majority of these anglers prefer to use live bait; however, the supply of live bait… more
Abstract:In this Phase I effort our team, a collaboration between Traycer Diagnostic Systems and The University of Notre Dame, proposes to develop a single pixel detector of terahertz frequency electromagnetic radiation. The devices we propose are AlN/GaN high electron mobility transistors which, via the… more
Abstract:Stand-off inspection using THz sources is a promising technology for non-destructive evaluation by means of direct imaging as well as by identifying spectroscopic signatures of the material being inspected. This proposal addresses critical developments for realizing this promise. In particular we… more
Abstract:The World Adverse Weather Characterization Software (WAWCS) program provides descriptions of the spatial and temporal distributions for the hydrometeor types present in the spectrum of adverse weather that prevails in various regions of the world. The WAWCS model is customized to the specific needs… more
Abstract:Aqwest proposes to develop an advanced thermal management for cooling of electronic components using a variable conductance heat sink (VCHS) offering unparalleled capabilities in high-heat flux handling and temperature control. The project will produce a cooling system with the following benefits to… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): To increase the effectiveness of chronic disease prevention and health promotion interventions, researchers and practitioners must work collaboratively to ensure that evidence-based approaches are translated into public
ly accessible tools and resources. To… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Cervical cancer is a global health problem that continues to result in over 250,000 deaths a year, with 80% occurring in developing countries. Early detection of cervical abnormalities using the Pap smear has proven suc
cessful in reducing the number of deaths in… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Stroke is a major cause of morbidity in the United States, affecting over 600,000 people annually. The only therapeutics currently available for the treatment of stroke are thrombolytic agents such as tPA, which have li
mited efficacy and are inappropriate for… more
Abstract:This proposal details the development of a new FCG design that facilitates customization to drive loads of various impedances. It addresses several of the performance limiting problems associated with small helical FCGs and potentially facilitates driving high output voltage, moderate current loads… more
Abstract:Recent advances in directed energy weapons (DEW) require radar systems to implement front door protection against high power signals. Although nonlinear protection elements have been successfully employed in the past, fast ultra wideband (UWB) and high power microwave (HPM) signals are not… more
Abstract:One of the next microwave photonic system applications is high-speed, high-resolution, electro-optic processing of microwave/mm-wave signals. Many new functions can be conceived of using electro-optic devices such as analog to digital converters, photonic RF phase shifters, photonic RF converters,… more
Abstract:The ultimate goal of this research is to combine realistic visual 3-D computer models, a high-fidelity patient simulator, and augment reality devices to provide an effective platform for training medics and combat lifesavers. If successful this trainer will enable trainees in the medical field to… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Phase I Project combines web-deliverable, 3-D computer graphics and gaming technology to provide a non-linear, immersive learning environment for nursing education. The outcome of the project is a toolkit which will center on an automated virtual… more
Abstract:Medical professionals have limited opportunity to gain relevant experience in surgical treatment of battlefield injuries. Battlefield injuries are unique in their complexity and severity; similar cases are only rarely seen in the civilian sector. This poses a fundamental readiness issue for Army,… more
Abstract:Screening is a repetitive and often monotonous task, involving long periods of vigilance despite low occurrences of threat. Because of
the nature of this task and the high consequence if a threat is missed, a screener`s vigilance and avoidance of operation during fatigue are critical to their job… more
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