Abstract:Most of the current commercially available refrigeration systems use a fluorocarbon based refrigerant such as R134 that has a significant total equivalent global warming impact. A large part of the global warming impact comes from the unavoidable release of the refrigerant into the atmosphere. There… more
Abstract:Apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata), a highly invasive pest affecting wetland crops in 18 countries including the U.S., is listed as one of the 100 Worst Global Invaders. One study showed that due to its voracious appetite, present value damage from the snail could cost Philippine rice production as… more
Abstract:Dysphagia is a disruption in the normal ability to chew and swallow food and drink beverages. This condition is commonly caused by stroke, Alzheimer's or Parkinson's diseases, or radiation therapy due to cancer. For those with medical conditions that cause dysphagia, they are unable to break down,… more
Abstract:Within the past 2-3 years, an abundance of "eco-friendly" to-go hot beverage cups have appeared in the marketplace. Upon closer examination, many of these to-go cups for hot drinks have questionable environmental appeal and a strong "green-washing" market spin. The Tea Spot has designed a patent… more
Abstract:Pressed wood products, such as furniture and cabinetry, are typically made with formaldehyde-based resins. These resins present two significant drawbacks - 1)there is significant concern about the health effects of formaldehyde and 2)formaldehyde resins are made from petroleum-derived products, a… more
Abstract:: The Green Horticulture Industry contributed $150.0 billion (2004 dollars) to the nation's economy in 2002 and employed ~ 2 million people. Nearly every floral crop and many nursery crops are grown in plastic containers. Consumer demand for product-stewardship or environmentally conscious products… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project addresses the unmet medical need to non-invasively obtain sufficient numbers of fetal cells for prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal abnormalities and genetic diseases. Currently, the invasive procedures of amniocentesis or chorionic villus… more
Abstract:To move beyond the national dependence on foreign oil imports and utilize the vast reserve of coal and renewable biomass in the U.S.A., we need to develop a new technology for conversion of coal and biomass to clean liquid hydrocarbon fuels. This new technology must also be environmentally friendly… more
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR project deals with production of biodiesel from microalgae. One of the major costs of biofuel production is harvesting the biofuel from large volumes of culture media. Harvesting, rupturing, drying and extracting oils from algae accounts for 40-60% of the cost of producing. The… more
Concepts for in-situ measurement of moisture in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere using Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS), a technology known to have potential in this application, will be developed. Known water vapor absorption bands in the… more
Abstract:The effectiveness of synchrotron radiation science is being hindered by the limited availability of advanced detectors. The capability to produce photon fluxes has outpaced the ability to detect and measure the resultant photons. This is due to the limited deployment of existing detectors as well as… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project is the development of a lung tissue model based on a new cell culturing platform utilizing nanoparticle-based reagents and magnetic fields to levitate tissue samples and allow three-dimensional (3D) growth. This method naturally grows… more
Abstract:This project proposes to improve the infrastructure for moving local food from farms to regional cities. Limited capacity for post-harvest handling, packing and transporting farm products is an obstacle to further growth in the local food market in Chicago. The goal of this project is to find ways… more
Abstract:We propose to improve the sustainability and profitability of small organic pecan farmers by developing an agricultural enterprise from their pecan shell waste that will produce organic, value-added, specialty antimicrobials--specifically to address the needs of organic poultry industry. Liquid… more
Abstract:The overall objective of this multi-phase SBIR project is to develop a coal gasifier concept that yields higher methane (CH4) concentration in the syngas without compromising on the heating value of the syngas. Higher concentration of CH4 in syngas is desirable because it has higher calorific value… more
Abstract:We have established that E. coli heat labile enterotoxin (LT) is an excellent mucosal adjuvant (immune enhancer) for stimulating immunity in young pigs and does not cause diarrhea or other adverse reactions when administered by intranasal inoculation, even at a relatively high dosage.… more
Abstract:Energy expenses are typically a significant portion of a farm's budget - often as much as 10 percent of total costs. Agriculture has been hit hard by recent energy price increases, with small farms feeling the negative effects the most. This project will assess the feasibility of using long-term… more
Abstract:Smart grid initiatives such as demand response and dynamic pricing can unlock significant benefits for consumers and energy providers alike. Success, however, is predicated on robust consumer participation, which requires an interoperable network of smart devices inside significant numbers of homes… more
Abstract:Computer-based simulations of fossil fuel processing plants can help make significant improvements to plant efficiency, as well as with procedures to reduce emissions, e.g. of CO2. The Barracuda engineering software is in wide spread usage for such applications at DOE Labs and with industry because… more
The culture of emerging marine finfish species is expected to play a major role in the continued expansion of the aquaculture industry. Despite considerable advancements in aquaculture technologies, significant growth of this sector has yet to occur. A major reason… more
Abstract:Utility companies have made huge investments in large capacity coal-fired power plants. The political winds are shifting, however, resulting in more and more pressure on utilities to reduce reliance on the use of coal with its resulting CO2 greenhouse gas missions. These utility companies… more
Abstract:Our small American farms are disappearing because they are unable to compete with larger domestic or international farming operations. To make matters worse, a growing number of retail chains require that their suppliers employ sophisticated traceability technology, but small farmers do not have the… more
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