Abstract:One of the most problematic issues that facing efficient water reclamation processes for long duration space missions is biofilm growth and biofouling on RO membrane and transfer line surfaces. An immediate need therefore exists to develop new technologies to solve the problems associated with… more
Abstract:Effective methods for recovery and regeneration of cabin atmosphere to supply oxygen are critical to facilitate extended duration manned missions including expeditions to Mars or a return to the Moon. Currently, oxygen is recovered as water using the Sabatier reduction process. One of the… more
Abstract:Rechargeable batteries with improved safety and significantly higher energy densities are needed to reduce the weight carried by soldiers, provide improved safety, provide power for extended duration missions, and enable constant and reliable soldier communication. Current state-of-the-art… more
Abstract:Rechargeable lithium batteries with improved safety/abuse tolerance and high energy densities are needed for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), aircraft, soldier power and other Air Force platforms. Current lithium-ion batteries utilize flammable organic solvent-based electrolytes which result in… more
Abstract:Distributed energy offers a means of providing reliable, cost-effective electrical power to residents of rural communities. These requirements often cannot be met by current distribution methods due to limitation of remote central station power generation and transmission. With the migration of… more
Abstract:There is a finite amount of fossil fuels, which will only last a few more decades. Therefore, it is imperative to develop renewable sources of energy. An area that has recently attracted a lot of attention is the conversion of renewable oils to biodiesel, primarily through the methanolysis of… more
Abstract:There are currently several options for flame retardant materials for a variety of civilian and military uses, most all of these flame retardants are based on halogens and minerals that are harmful and toxic chemicals. Therefore, more environmentally friendly and non-toxic alternatives are needed as… more
Abstract:The high cost and low mechanical strength of windows and domes that protect the multimode sensors on missiles and maximize their mode of operation have been a concern for a long time for the Department of Defense. Crucial requirements for this application are: a) excellent infrared transmission, b)… more
Abstract:Clean, microbiologically safe drinking water is a critical requirement for warfighter sustainment on the battlefield. When access to potable water is limited during dismounted on-the-move-missions, soldiers must make water from local sources using an Individual Water Purifier (IWP). However,… more
Abstract:Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries with improved safety, abuse tolerance, reliability, and volumetric and gravimetric energy densities are needed for Navy aircraft including the Joint Strike Fighter, H-1 Light Attack Helicopter, and other aircraft. Despite their high energy densities, current… more
Abstract:The US Marine Corps (MARCOR) has utilized a Babington Airtronic burner as the heat source for field food service equipment since the 1990s. While this burner has provided the Marine Corps a viable heat source for existing field kitchens, alternative low power, energy efficient burner concepts are… more
Abstract:Submarine Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacons (SEPIRB) are carried aboard all submarines to send an emergency signal if a submarine is trapped on the bottom and unable to surface. Currently they use primary lithium batteries for power which have a limited shelf life limiting the life of the… more
Abstract:The use of SWCNTs in new cutting edge devices has the potential to significantly advance technology in areas such as energy, medicine, electronics, and defense, all of which will greatly benefit mankind. However, even though there is a vast commercial potential for products that utilize the unique… more
Abstract:The demand for greater and safer energy storage for the wet and dry submersibles has pushed the limits of current battery technology. This energy demand is in response to the need for extended underwater mission operations and advances in electronic equipment needed for greater combat effectiveness.… more
Abstract:The need to identify threats from individuals and groups is ever increasing for both identification of known individuals and persons of interest within the Department of Defense. Advancement in differential sensing techniques could allow the development of sensing platforms that include the ability… more
Abstract:Electrical energy storage is increasingly being recognized as an essential element of the grid of the future. The use of distributed energy storage systems within the grid can shave the peaks from a user or utility load profile, increase asset utilization by improving duty factor and delaying… more
Abstract:Redox flow batteries (RFBs) have the potential for economical storage of electrical energy than other battery chemistries. They use high-cost ion exchange membranes as separators between anolyte and catholyte, which prevent broad market penetration. Proton exchange membranes (e.g. Nafion) are… more
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: Develop a small, field portable forensic DNA capability that performs rapid DNA analysis for comparison against PC-based or Web-based forensic DNA databases. This device should be able to perform forensic DNA analysis on swabs collected from incident sites. DESCRIPTION: Forensic DNA… more
Abstract:Rapid identification of asymmetric warfare modes, including unconventional chemical agents based attacks, is vital to the protection of U.S. armed forces personnel. Existing detection methods use bulky and expensive laboratory equipment to analytically determine the identity and concentration of… more
Abstract:A shift from conventional petrochemical feedstocks towards biomass-based feedstocks is of both environmental and economical importance for the future production of commodity chemicals. 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is a versatile biomass-derived platform compound that can be used to synthesize a… more
Abstract:Ammonia manufacture is one of the world's largest industries, and the Haber-Bosch process is the only practical method to generate ammonia on a large scale. The technology being proposed by Lynntech is designed to generate ammonia at significantly reduced cost which could result in protecting the… more
Abstract:Existing dielectric capacitors have low energy densities, both on a volume and on a mass basis. No current capacitor technology has the combination of energy density, power density, and rate capability desired for pulse power systems currently under development or envisioned for the future. Present… more
Abstract:World oil reserves are concentrated in just a few countries, primarily in the Middle East which holds nearly two-thirds of the world's oil reserves. With a rising demand in industrialized nations and an even faster increasing demand from developing countries (e.g. India, China, etc.), the pressure… more
Abstract:The US is heavily dependent on foreign oil for producing fossil fuels due to the fact that domestic crude oil supplies are sparse. The transportation fuel requirements in the U.S. alone are equivalent to greater than 150 billion gallons of fuel per year. There is an urgent need to develop efficient… more
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