Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop device structures for infrared sensor applications using lead chalcogenides. This system has reduced cooling requirements over other high performance infrared materials (such as HgCdTe) resulting from their reduced Auger… more
Abstract:Biofuels in the US consist almost entirely of grain ethanol from corn. This has created concern in that a competition for grain for feed and fuel can cause an increase in price which in turn can limit the potential for its use. At best, corn can only account for 25% of replacement fuels. To meet the… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Complete achromatopsia is an inherited retinal disorder characterized by severely reduced visual acuity, nystagmus, severe photophobia, a small central scotoma, eccentric fixation, and complete loss of color discrimina
tion. In 50% of patients with achromatopsia… more
Abstract:Development of a novel logistic fuel reformer that has excellent tolerance to sulfur and is resistant to coke formation is proposed. The reformer will produce a hydrogen-rich product that contains less than 1 ppm sulfur and is suitable for use with solid oxide fuel cells. Significant improvements… more
Abstract:Particulate matter (PM) and volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from commercial cooking establishments are a subject of increasing concern around the world. Although increased awareness of the health hazards of respirable particulates and VOCs has promoted the development of new… more
Abstract:The future of the NASA space program includes longer and more invasive missions into space, with a goal to return to the moon's surface by the year 2015. Long duration storage of large quantities of cryogenic fluids for propulsion, power, and life-support is an essential requirement for these… more
Abstract:The exploration of space requires that new technologies be developed for long-term cryogenic propellant storage applications in-space, on the lunar surface, and on the Earth. The Altair (Lunar Lander) ascent stage requires LO2 and LCH4 storage durations of up to 14 days in LEO and up to an… more
Abstract:Multi-Layer Insulation (MLI) is the most commonly used thermal insulation material for spacecraft applications due to its low thermal conductivity in vacuum. However, MLI has several problems including thermal shorts, is labor intensive to fabricate and install and its performance is negatively… more
Abstract:Base camps require reduction in heat signature to maintain low-observable capabilities. Both warfighters and sustainment forces within the base camps generate characteristic heat signatures that can reveal the location, presence of personnel and electronic equipment, and may provide some indication… more
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project will develop an aerogel separation medium for removal of both oily residues and dissolved organics from wastewaters. Flexible blankets will cover the surface of the wastewater and will follow a conventional separation step for removal of colloidal and dissolved organics. … more
Abstract:During the Phase I program, Aspen Aerogels developed a passive thermal protection solution for diver hands based on a new, low dusting formulation of aerogel insulation. Building on the successful material development accomplished during Phase I, the Phase II work will optimize and scale up the… more
Abstract:Aerogels with low refractive index and high light transmittance are highly desirable for Cherenkov detectors. However, quality and scale of the manufactured aerogels have been the main challenge for scientists working in this field. Aspen Aerogels will develop a fabrication process to advance the… more
Abstract:Thermal Management Technologies (TMT) will team with Utah State University"s Space Dynamics Laboratory to design, model, build, test, and demonstrate a full scale engineering prototype of an isothermal satellite bus enabled by TMT"s proprietary Channel Panel heat spreader technology and… more
Abstract:The goal of the Phase II, Behavioral Research, Inc. (BRI), Rapid Assessment for Drug Abuse and Risky Sex (RADARS) is to create a fully functioning program that: addresses the need for a rapid, computer-based assessment for sexual and drug use behaviors that could be incorporated into routine… more
Abstract:This proposal addresses the need for a flexible, high performance, multi-parameter test bed for infrared focal plane arrays. An adaptable brass-board system tat is readily reconfigurable to operate advanced FPAs is proposed. this rugged system permits user controlled, automatic tuning of key optical… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The advent of next-generation (Next-gen) sequencing technologies has begun a surge in whole genome sequencing and resequencing, exemplified spectacularly by four papers describing five complete human genomes in 2008 al
one. One company, Knome, now even offers… more
A joint effort by several US military offices aims to create hand held platforms that will enable the real time detection and quantitation of a threat. Detection of explosives in the gas phase presents… more
Abstract:Infoscitex and Columbia University propose to develop an automated blood component separation system that can quickly and automatically separate blood into three components for the US Army to use under field conditions. In this Phase I program, the team will prove the feasibility of separating whole… more
Abstract:The Navy seeks devices that can provide power to maintain charge in batteries for shipboard sensors. The transduction materials proposed for most energy harvesting devices under development are either too brittle to endure significant loading or are too compliant to extract significant energy from… more
Abstract:Resource virtualization concepts are in heavy commercial use for optimizing the performance of distributed applications. Resource virtualization allows resources to be allocated and adapted on-the-fly, and enables a wide range of distributed computing, networking, and sensing applications. However,… more
Latin American gangs exploit illegal border crossings to expand their sphere of influence in the United States. More than a hundred clandestine tunnels have been discovered beneath the US-Mexico border… more
Abstract:There are many situations in DOD missions when soldiers could operate much more effectively if they could successfully recall previously presented information that is vital for mission execution. However, the quantity of information supplied to today's Warfighter is constantly increasing. This is… more
Abstract:A narrow-band microbolometric detector is proposed to the address need for a low-cost, portable system to perform chemical and biological threat detection. An approach is shown to achieve a narrow-band bolometric detector whose response can be tailored to both a desired peak wavelength and bandwidth… more
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