Abstract:The Army has a clear need for a small unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) capable of autonomously accompanying a single soldier or vehicle. Such a UGV would help solve both logistical problems of soldiers needing to transport more equipment and supplies than they can carry in a backpack, and tactical… more
Decision makers responding to homeland security incidents must rapidly integrate and manage dynamic, time-sensitive information from a large number of heterogeneous and multimodal information sources… more
Abstract:Future naval operations are expected to make extensive use of unmanned vehicles to support a range of operations, including intelligence gathering, mine warfare, force protection, and anti-submarine warfare. Current unmanned systems are typically controlled remotely by an operator who directly… more
Abstract:The proposed Automated Linguistic Analysis Revealing Misrepresentation and Messaging (ALARMM) system significantly advances the state of the art in detecting deception in unstructured data such as Web sites and chat messages. Our research focuses on automated techniques based on linguistic theory… more
Abstract:The dependability, persistence, and versatility of unmanned systems have made them indispensable assets in today's warfighting. As they are tasked to fulfill new missions in unpredictable, dynamic environments, they are transitioning from remote control into the realm of autonomy. Here they perform… more
Abstract:Stability operations often require junior leaders and Warfighters with limited experience to interact and communicate personally and effectively with people whose cultures, languages, lifestyle, and beliefs are very different from those found in the U.S. It has become increasingly clear that… more
Abstract:Counterinsurgency and counterterrorism missions are an ever-increasing priority for today's military. These missions could be supported at all echelons by insights from emerging human socio-cultural behavior (HSCB) models. However, there is frequently a disconnect between HSCB models' outputs,… more
Abstract:Modern full-spectrum operations require that military decision-makers possess an understanding of the human social, cultural, and behavioral (HSCB) dynamics of a region so they can plan effective courses of action (COAs). To ensure that COAs are congruent with the HSCB aspects of an intended… more
Abstract:We propose to develop and evaluate generalizable techniques for Enabling Representation of Meta-Information in Net-Centric Environments (ERMINE). The proposed ERMINE effort represents a fundamental contribution to research in meta-information portrayal that will generalize across domains. Under… more
Abstract:The challenge is to develop an image quality metric and prediction model for SAR imagery that addresses exploitation by automated tools (i.e., ATR) and trained imagery analysts. Our approach rests on a deep understanding and experience with the Radar National Imagery Interpretability Ratings Scale… more
Abstract:To participate in Red Flag exercises participants must be familiar with specific procedures, conditions, and training rules for range safety. Preparing non-US participants requires USAF personnel to travel to each participating country to provide this pre-exercise familiarization. This is expensive… more
Abstract:Current planning for Space C2 in the Joint Space Operations Center (JSpOC) is mostly a manual process. Since COA development and analysis includes a large amount of information and many potential options, aspects of both red and blue COAs that may go unconsidered, suggesting that a mixed-initiative… more
Abstract:Irregular warfare and the increased pace of operations have drastically reduced the time available for tactical responses, resulting in the shift of power to the tactical edge. As decision making responsibilities are pushed down the command chain, warfighters at every echelon require situational… more
Abstract:Human adversaries, rapidly evolving malware and pandemics, large scale natural disasters, and disruptions to the national infrastructure all require complex, dynamic defensive responses. While our ability to communicate has increased, our response remains sequential: our plans are based on a priori… more
Abstract:Effectively countering terrorist Web sites requires understanding how those Web sites attempt to influence their target audiences and how effective that influence is. This is difficult because the exact objectives and target audiences of those sites are not known and the available data is largely… more
Abstract:Unmanned ground systems provide the warfighter with a variety of standoff capabilities. One application is remote entry and exploration of urban structures and other potentially dangerous enclosed spaces. A robot capable of autonomously navigating these structures while simultaneously building a 3D… more
Abstract:Missile defense remains a crucial component for protecting the United States and her allies from potential long-range threats. Modeling and simulation (M&S) is recognized by the Missile Defense Agency as a key enabling technology supporting Warfighters and analysts in ballistic missile defense… more
Abstract:Generating a collection plan for airborne ISR assets is a long-standing problem which has led to the development of many different automated management algorithms. Not only does a collection plan have to satisfy multiple constraints (e.g., collision avoidance, limited fuel supply), but it must also… more
Abstract:Improved first-aid training tools and rehearsal methodologies based on visual learning and recall could significantly reduce battlefield fatalities. To support visual learning of first-aid skills, we executed a Phase I effort to design Pictorial Representations of Medical Procedures to Train for… more
Abstract:Advanced battlespace network visualization techniques are required to improve cross-domain situation awareness and support goal-oriented decision-making within the AOC. To address this need, we propose to design and demonstrate a VIsual Representation Toolkit for Integrated, Goal-Oriented awareness… more
Abstract:The Army has a clear need for a small mobile robot capable of accompanying a single soldier. Such a robot would help solve both logistical problems of individual soldiers needing to transport more equipment and supplies than they can carry in a backpack, and tactical problems of scouting unsafe… more
Abstract:Timely and efficient access to information resources drives successful Battle Command (BC) operations, particularly information collection, management, and analysis. Authoritative sources supporting BC applications must be developed to satisfy dynamic needs of active units, incorporating features as… more
Abstract:To provide improved Collaborative Situation Awareness (CSA) and, ultimately, improve the Warfighters operational success, PEO Soldier is developing new equipment, technologies, and tactics, techniques and procedures (TTPs) that leverage the wealth of information available to Net-Centric Soldiers.… more
Abstract:Contemporary tactical missiles use Global Positioning Systems (GPS) as an economical means of self-localization and target location identification, but GPS signals are subject to jamming and intermittent unavailability. When a missile loses its ability to reliably self-locate, its strike capability… more
Abstract:Unmanned robotic systems are a vital component of todayf?Ts military operations. They are useful for reconnaissance, security, logistics, and support, including very high risk operations. Military Commanders and their staffs need to be able to control these system in the field based on dynamic… more
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