Abstract:Rapid identification of asymmetric warfare modes, including unconventional chemical agents based attacks, is vital to the protection of U.S. armed forces personnel. Existing detection methods use bulky and expensive laboratory equipment to analytically determine the identity and concentration of… more
Abstract:A shift from conventional petrochemical feedstocks towards biomass-based feedstocks is of both environmental and economical importance for the future production of commodity chemicals. 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is a versatile biomass-derived platform compound that can be used to synthesize a… more
Abstract:Ammonia manufacture is one of the world's largest industries, and the Haber-Bosch process is the only practical method to generate ammonia on a large scale. The technology being proposed by Lynntech is designed to generate ammonia at significantly reduced cost which could result in protecting the… more
Abstract:Existing dielectric capacitors have low energy densities, both on a volume and on a mass basis. No current capacitor technology has the combination of energy density, power density, and rate capability desired for pulse power systems currently under development or envisioned for the future. Present… more
Abstract:World oil reserves are concentrated in just a few countries, primarily in the Middle East which holds nearly two-thirds of the world's oil reserves. With a rising demand in industrialized nations and an even faster increasing demand from developing countries (e.g. India, China, etc.), the pressure… more
Abstract:The US is heavily dependent on foreign oil for producing fossil fuels due to the fact that domestic crude oil supplies are sparse. The transportation fuel requirements in the U.S. alone are equivalent to greater than 150 billion gallons of fuel per year. There is an urgent need to develop efficient… more
NOAA places a high priority in working with state and territory coastal resource managers to manage and conserve these vital resources. Microbial contamination adversely impacts coastal water quality, and poor water quality has negative economic, health and environmental… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Acute and chronic wounds such as diabetic foot ulcers represent a major area of medical concern. With roughly 27 million patients suffering from these types of partial thickness wounds, representing substantial billions in medical expenses, a means to rapidly… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Debridement of dead, damaged and/or infected tissue from thermal burn wounds and a certain subset of ischemic and necrotic diabetic foot wounds is a commonly utilized wound preparation modality before the application of fillers, dressings or grafts. The… more
Abstract:While past research has demonstrated the utility and benefits to be gained with the application of advanced rotor system control concepts, none have been implemented to date on a production military or commercial rotorcraft. A key contributor to this fact is the inherent cost associated with… more
Abstract:Wind power has an important role in satisfying the power needs of the United States. Since wind power is a clean renewable source of energy, it also serves an important role in reducing dependence on fossil fuels, in particular foreign oil supplies, as well as reducing greenhouse gas and carbon… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Advances in computational hardware and molecular modeling techniques have revolutionized our ability to simulate electrostatic interactions, which play a fundamental role in the conformational stability, structure, fold
ing and function of biomolecules. One… more
Abstract:Current comprehensive rotorcraft analyses typically use lifting line theories coupled with 2D look-up tables to determine rotor blade lift, drag and pitching moment. These methods cannot directly capture 3D flow effects that influence the aerodynamic characteristics of advanced planforms, complex… more
Abstract:Enhancing rotorcraft safety due to engine or drive train failures has been a primary concern throughout the history of vertical flight operations. Recent work on autorotation trajectory optimization has shown potential for improved flight control and guidance solutions, but work remains to implement… more
Abstract:Since submarines operate in an ionic seawater environment, there exists the possibility that any of several recognized electro-kinetic mechanisms may be excited and produce potentially detectable electromagnetic fields. Of particular focus in the proposed effort is the electroacoustic mechanism… more
Abstract:We plan to develop a Virtual Radio Frequency (RF) Environment for testing Command, Control, Communications (C3) systems. Testing the large tactical C3 systems requires fielding hundreds of nodes and providing thousands of signals/messages to meet the operational requirements. This is very expensive… more
Abstract:The low data rate of the MIL-STD-1553B bus is limiting the capability and performance of current applications. These applications and others under development could be augmented by increasing the data rate under which these systems communicate. The Joint Helmet Mounted Cueing System (JHMCS) is one… more
Abstract:The DataSoft Network Obfuscation and Virtualized Anti-reconnaissance system (NOVA) detects hostile network reconnaissance and denies access to real network information while simultaneously providing false network information to attackers. This results in attackers expending significantly extra time… more
Abstract:The DataSoft Software Defined Radio (SDR) Tool Suite (STS) provides a new and enhanced capability to the SDR developers via two independent tools: the STS-WF Analysis Tool and the STS-Probe Toolbox. The STS-WF Analysis Tool can reduce cost and schedule by assessing new waveform (WF) and platform… more
Abstract:The U.S. military's next-generation radio system, JTRS, is based on Software Defined Radio (SDR) technology and will create new opportunities, methods, and applications for generating and sharing tactical data. One of the many challenges in realizing the JTRS vision is to create small, lightweight,… more
Abstract:The U.S. military''s next-generation radio system, Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS), is based on Software Defined Radio (SDR) technology and will create new opportunities, methods, and applications for generating and sharing tactical data. To realize the JTRS vision, a Universal RF Transceiver… more
Abstract:The DataSoft Interface Verification Application (DIVA) provides an automated robust solution for accurate and repeatable verification of developer source code compliance to a set of Standard API's. The tool then generates customized compliance reports for the user that accurately summarize all… more
Abstract:The DataSoft Cost-Effective Approaches to NetOps Optimization Engine (CANOE) limits the scope of NetOps data gathered at the source and cross-network by dynamically identifying the fraction of data that is most relevant to the current network status and transmitting or forwarding only that data.… more
Abstract:This program will utilize in-situ monitoring devices during the HVPE growth of GaN in conjunction with thermal and gas flow modeling, to establish tighter tolerances over growth variables such as substrate temperature and growth rate, which will lead to more robust, producible HVPE GaN growth… more
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