Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project explores the feasibility of utilizing the variability found in physical properties of hardware devices, e.g., camera, flash memory, broadband interface etc., to create secure "fingerprints" of smart-phones. Since, the variations on these… more
Abstract:Lignocellulose has a remarkable resistance against chemicals and microbial attacks due to its complex structure. For the production of biofuels and chemicals the aim is to cleanly fractionate biomass and to utilize the lignin, cellulose, and hemicellulose individually. The current pretreatment… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will demonstrate the feasibility of healing wounds to the surface of the eye with a novel biomaterial. This biomaterial resembles a contact lens and initial animal studies show that when placed on a wounded eye it acts as a regenerative… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project is focused on completing the research necessary to begin commercializing the production of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) from algae. Algisys, LLC has partnered with Virginia Tech to further develop patent-pending technology for the… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project involves testing and validation of a novel drug discovery platform. An original algorithm is used to design previously unknown peptides that are capable of modulating selected macromolecules of therapeutic importance. Then, such designer… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project aims to enable the batch production of ultra-low fouling and functionalizable polycarboxybetaine (pCB) surface coatings. The approach is to develop a new route for the cost-effective and large-scale production of the zwitterionic… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will test the commercial feasibility of "Custom Computer Programming Services" supporting human and machine text classification. Initially, the company's research, tools, and methods will target public and private sector markets where the… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop and test a non-thermal atmospheric plasma food processing technology to reduce microbial populations on fresh produce. The technology will reduce the risk of foodborne infections while decreasing microbial spoilage,… more
Abstract:Among the challenges facing renewable energy producers and distributors is that of energy storage. Sources of renewable energy including solar, wind, wave, and tidal are primarily tied to naturally occurring cyclic phenomena that are out of phase with electric load demand cycles. In order for these… more
Abstract:Desalination is one technology that can increase world-wide water resources with seawater and brackish water treatment, if the energy requirements of conventional desalination are reduced by use of innovative desalination processes and the use of solar power and heat. DOE also has an urgent focus on… more
Abstract:Desalination is one of the technologies that can address world-wide water issues for both seawater and brackish water treatment, if the inordinate energy requirements of desalination are taken care of. Nrgtek Inc. proposes an alternative technology for a lowcost, portable seawater desalination… more
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project will design and construct ceramic blades for use in gas turbine engines to allow the gas turbines to operate at higher temperatures thereby increasing their efficiencies. The project will measure distributed power generation, peak shaving, renewable back-up, CHP, and… more
Abstract:Combinatorial research techniques have greatly accelerated the output of materials research laboratories especially in the area of polymers. This has greatly increased the potential for discovery of new and useful material properties, but unfortunately it can often swamp the capabilities of analysis… more
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project will employ ethyl ethoxybutyrate as a fuel source and to determine the potential impact of this chemical on the environment. The fuel source uses low value renewable feedstock and a mixed culture of bacteria to supply the reactants. The oxygen content in the fuel makes it… more
Abstract:In order to get the most benefit from signal processing techniques, deep technical expertise is often required in order to select appropriate algorithms, combine them into a processing chain, and tune algorithm parameters for best performance on a specific problem. Therefore a significant benefit… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I Project is focused on research to develop reinforced silicon carbide hollow spheres. This effort will apply a modified version of its proprietary hollow sphere production process in combination with novel materials. Novel characteristics… more
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project will test and develop the concept of enhancing the conversion of cellulose to glucose by providing the accessibility of the enzymes to the cellulose fibers at the nanoscale level. The project addresses a serious deficiency that currently exists in bio-fuels production from… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project proposes to develop a proprietary product intended to be added to commercially available semen extenders to help improve fertility and embryo viability in cattle. Handling, freezing and thawing of bull sperm generates oxidative free… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop a cloud file system platform based on the recently-finalized NFSv4.1/pNFS standard, with extensions for flexible replication and service-bureau management. The intellectual merit of the project lies in novel mechanisms for… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will advance the development of new drug compounds for the treatment of glioma, which have been designed and constructed with an innovative combination of grid-powered, computer-aided design (CAD) software and DNA nano-fabrication… more
Abstract:Tapping into additional oil supplies within the nation's oil wells for smaller producers in mature production can be an important contributor to U.S. energy security. Excess water production which, when accompanied by low oil production, results in wells becoming unprofitable to operate and leads… more
Abstract:Network Intrusion Detection is a mission critical and computational intensive application that needs to scale for future 100 Gbps networks. Currently, a high speed front end load balancing solution enables LBNL to partition the work load to a cluster of off-the-shelf (commodity) processing elements… more
Abstract:Geological storage of captured CO2 emissions is a promising carbon mitigation strategy. However, even in ideal injection formations with highly impermeable cap-rocks, both natural (faults/fissures) and man-made (abandoned wells) leakage pathways exist. Due to significant uncertainty in the geology… more
Abstract:Refrigeration and air conditioning in buildings accounts for an enormous amount of U.S. primary energy consumption (>8.5 quads). Most existing air conditioners, heat pumps, and refrigerators achieve cooling through mechanical vapor compression cycles which: i) contribute to electric utility peak… more
Abstract:Commercially available lithium-ion cells use an electrolyte containing a mixture of organic carbonate solvents combined with lithium hexafluorophosphate (LiPF6). These electrolytes have significant disadvantages limiting the performance and safety of lithium-ion batteries. First, the solvents are… more
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