Abstract:Thin film solar cells are one of the most promising and cost effective means of generating electricity from sunlight. However, their manufacture requires the use of precision film thickness process control sensors in order to produce high efficiency and economically viable cells. Current film… more
Abstract:Childhood obesity is a complex, multi-faceted problem which has been traced to many preventable risk factors, not the least of which includes; food access, outdoor ads, crime/safety, racial and income disparities, as well as increasing sedentary behaviors caused by excessive screen time. The… more
Abstract:Apple snail, (Pomacea canaliculata), a highly invasive pest affecting wetland crops in 18 countries including the U.S., is listed as one of the 100 Worst Global Invaders. One study showed that due to its voracious appetite, present value damage from the snail could cost Philippine rice production as… more
Abstract:Foodservice sales of tea in the U.S. are currently increasing at about 8% annually (Sundale, 2010). Within this sector, there is an increasing demand for loose leaf teas over traditionally low-quality tea bags. The Tea Spot has developed a patent pending tea filter, trademarked Brewlux, for the… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project addresses the use of "green" composite building materials as a replacement for conventional plastics and wood products. These green composites have the advantage of superior strength-to-weight ratios over pressed wood products while… more
Abstract:The effectiveness of synchrotron radiation science is being hindered by the limited availability of advanced detectors. The capability to produce photon fluxes has outpaced the ability to detect and measure the resultant photons. This is due to the limited deployment of existing detectors as well as… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will use in vitro three-dimensional (3D) cell culturing enabled by the magnetic levitation method (MLM) as an improved tool for toxicity testing. This work will probe the effects of common agents on the lung, liver and kidney, three… more
Abstract:Enterotoxigenic Escherictia coli causes diarrhea (E. coli scours) in young weaned pigs. There currently are no licensed killed vaccines for the disease, and the available living vaccines do not express toxins which should be a major target of a vaccine. This lack of toxin antigens may affect how… more
Abstract:Non-technical Summary: The profitability of small and mid-sized dairy farms is strongly affected by increases in feed costs and energy costs. Unfortunately, farm operators have limited control of these factors, especially in the long term. New technology is needed to allow farmers to manage energy… more
Abstract:Coal-fired electric power generating plants are under increasing pressure to reduce CO2 and other toxic emissions. However, using alternative fuels, such as solid biomass as a greenhouse gas neutral fuel, requires substantial plant modifications. In addition, burning biomass contributes to slagging… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will investigate the use of novel manufacturing methods to fabricate porous ceramic substrates for reducing pollution from large diesel engines, and burners. Currently, these substrates are extruded, and are thus constrained in size, shape, and… more
Abstract:Internal parasites are the greatest health and production challenge for sheep and goats in southeastern states and others during warm, humid conditions (including Northeastern, Midwestern and irrigated pastures in Western US). Haemonchus contortus, or barber pole, worm thrives in warm, humid… more
Abstract:Integrated Development Environments (IDEs) stand to improve and modernize the software development cycle for High Performance Computing (HPC). However, conventional IDEs are focused on relatively homogeneous architectures and software stacks. In many cases IDE based development is simply not an… more
Abstract:The project will develop and evaluate a systematic methodology to evolve legacy CFD wake modeling tools for rotorcraft engineering from sequential to parallel execution on high-performance workstations. The work will focus on sparse-grid elliptic solvers found in packages such as HELIX-IA due to… more
Abstract:Topic 20c of DOEs SBIR solicitation seeks grant applications to develop technologies for the assessment and mitigation of materials degradation in Light Water Reactors in order to extend the service life including methods that can mitigate or predict irradiation and aging effects An important… more
Abstract:Statement of Problem: Light water reactor fuel used in current reactors uses slightly enriched uranium oxide (UO2) fuel pellets with zirconium alloy (zircaloy) clad. Zircaloy clad loses all of its tensile strength at temperatures of 500 oC, and balloons outward during the early phases of a loss of… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) have tremendous potential for regenerative medicine in future. However, there are obstacles to overcome before the iPSC can be used therapeutically. One major hurdle is the tool used to generate iPSC from adult somatic cells.… more
Abstract:One of the principal technical and cost barriers to successful commercialization of algal biofuels as an alternative energy source is the inability to extract the useful oil components from the algae in an economical and environmentally sound fashion. Indeed, the DOE announcement for this proposal… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II Project addresses the gap between the capabilities of today's semantic analysis systems and the accuracy requirements of knowledge workers (analysts and researchers) in language-sensitive fields such as public relations, foreign affairs,… more
Abstract:In this proposal Zeomedix proposes to develop a dressing for acute trauma wounds based on its alginate/zeolite encapsulating nitric oxide (NO) technology. Nitric oxide has been shown to enhance the wound healing process as well as act as a powerful antibacterial agent. However, delivery of nitric… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will complete the development of reusable, self-encapsulated animated characters for use in 3D virtual environments. 3D characters are difficult to develop because of the inflexibility of current motion representations. Presently… more
Abstract:The JPL web page devoted to looking for life on Mars has two images. The first is an image of a hydrothermal pool at Yellowstone: the kind of place life might begin. The second is a scanning electron microscope (SEM) image of the Allen Hills 84001 meteorite. This SEM picture is famous for… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project aims to develop a novel, commercially-viable, hybrid system that improves the adhesion of nanocrsytalline diamond (NCD) coatings to tungsten carbide (WC) cutting tools. A new hybrid system will be assembled, tested, and optimized.… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project aims to demonstrate the extraordinary performance of zwitterionic technology in protein interaction analysis. Zwitterionic polycarboxybetaine (pCB) is not only highly resistant to nonspecific protein adsorption, but also has abundant… more
Abstract:One of the foremost issues confronting our nation is that of energy security. Lessening our dependence on foreign fossil fuels necessitates progress and growth in the renewable energy sector. However, widespread adoption of clean energy currently faces the challenge of power consistency a dilemma… more
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