Abstract:Superhydrophobic nanostructured coating will be developed from transparent ultrastrong materials. The coatings will be scalable, inexpensive, mechanically robust and thermally resilient. We will initially design such coatings using layered nanocomposites. Then it will be optimized for different… more
Abstract:Superconducting radio frequency (SRF) accelerating cavities are being successfully used for acceleration of electron beams worldwide. The use of superconducting structures helps maximize the accelerating gradient, which is a highly desirable trait for applications involving linear accelerators or… more
Abstract:in accelerators for light sources, first as passive cavities for stabilizing the beam and later in the accelerating sections. In this SBIR proposal, Niowave and Brookhaven National Lab will collaborate to adapt the quarter wave cavity geometry for use as an accelerating structure for light sources.… more
Abstract:The highest priority in the Nuclear Physics program is, at present, the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams. In the longer term it is likely that a high priority will be an Electron Ion Collider, and several concepts are under development. In order to achieve the high luminosities that would be required… more
Abstract:Recent advances in superconducting electron linacs have decreased the size and complexity of these systems such that they can be economically competitive with copper linacs and proton accelerators for a broad range of applications. Niowave is developing compact turn-key superconducting electron… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will result in developing novel high-power, high-efficiency Deep Ultraviolet Light Emitting Diode (DUV LED) Lamps based on an innovative and new micro-pixel device design. Deep ultraviolet light sources with emission wavelengths lambda… more
Abstract:The goal of the Phase II program is to fabricate high voltage high power converter/inverters for high frequency/high temperature operation using enhancement mode-depletion mode insulating ate AlInN-GaN/i-SiC transistor building blocks. Our technical approach is to use lattice matched AlInN-GaN… more
Abstract:Nitronex Corporation has identified unique innovations in Gallium Nitride (GaN) high electron mobility transistors (HEMT) for realizing advancements in X and Ka-Band low noise amplifiers (LNAs). These advancements are based on existing GaN on silicon (Si), radio frequency (RF) power amplifier (PA)… more
Abstract:Laser Inertial Fusion Energy (LIFE) is an advanced energy concept that has the potential to meet future worldwide energy needs through fusion energy. In order to meet the performance and reliability needed to enable power generation, the flashlamp-pumped architecture currently used in NIF will need… more
Abstract:nLight proposes the development of a wavelength-stabilized 5 kW, 105 m, 0.22NA fiber-coupled 976 nm diode laser pump system with a final predicted power conversion efficiency of>45% and mass-to-power ratio of<1 kg/kW. The program will leverage nLight"s wavelength-stabilized 100 W, 105 m,… more
Abstract:nLIGHT proposes the development of a 10 kW power amplifier with a predicted power conversion efficiency of approximately 45%. The 10 kW power amplifier will be based on nLIGHT's high power, high efficiency, narrow-linewidth fiber coupled lasers diode modules. We will utilize custom fused fiber… more
Abstract:Next generation lasers for Missile Defense ranging applications require scaling pulse brightness and repetition rates in compact and efficient packages. To address this need, nLIGHT proposes to significantly increase the pulse energy of a passively Q-switched diode pumped solid state laser while… more
Abstract:U.S. security is increasingly concerned with the threat posed by small non-governmental groups
which are capable of and dedicated to inflicting harm on U.S. citizens, their property and their
way of life. The weapon of choice for such groups is the Improvised Explosive Device (IED), a
threat which… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The key objective of the proposal is to develop sophisticated, graphical user interface driven software tools built on fully microscopic physics to design, guide and provide feedback on growth, fabrication and evaluation of semiconductor structures that provide optical gain in the… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The Air Force Flight Test Center (AFFTC) is interested in upgrading their test aircraft fleet (or a portion thereof) to have onboard smart sensors (OSS). The target SBIR product for this project is a set of hardware components that allows the integration of IEEE 1451.4 Smart Sensors into… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Norconnect, Inc. proposes to develop a unique digital flight glove electronic system which will i) record electromyographic (EMG) signals generated by hand muscles of a pilot or a flight engineer when they move their fingers or hands in the air, ii) recognize recorded EMG signals with… more
Abstract:Coordinate Registration (CR) of OTHR targets requires accurate real-time ionospheric modeling coupled with HF propagation calculations to convert radar-measured target signal delays and beam steers to geographical position. Our team is the developer of the most sophisticated CR capability currently… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Over-the-Horizon radar (OTHR) uses ionospheric reflection to propagate HF transmissions to long range (~500-5000 km). The ionosphere is a dynamic"mirror"that varies diurnally, seasonally, and with the solar cycle. Geolocation of targets observed by OTHR, (Coordinate… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Me, A Doc is a serious medical diagnosis role-playing simulator program in a video game interface that aims to improve high school and college student learning about the biology of disease in a way that fosters critical thinking and reduces the achievement gap… more
Abstract:NOVA Scientific, Inc., teamed with the Electronics Group of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, proposes to construct very large area Microchannel Plate neutron detectors. The applications of these much larger format detectors will serve an exceptionally broad range of government agencies from neutron… more
Abstract:There is an urgent need for an effective chemical-free control measure for crown gall. Crown gall is a major disease of many perennial crops. It is especially a problem in long-lived woody crops such as roses, where galls on rose bushes render plants unsalable. In the case of woody fruit and nut… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The clinical significance of chronic pro-inflammatory reactions in dialysis patients due to exposure to endotoxin has become a central issue in nephrology. The European Renal Association urges the routine use of ultrapure dialysate with bacteria and endotoxin… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Staphylococcus aureus is the second leading cause of hospital-acquired bloodstream infections. In 2003, nearly 300,000 patients in US hospitals acquired an S. aureus infection, which accounted for nearly three million days of hospitalization, 9.5 billion in… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Approximately 24 million adults and children in the United States have 1 Diabetes Mellitus (diabetes) and 1.6 million new cases are diagnosed each year. Type 2 is the most common form of the disease accounting for over90% of the diabetics worldwide. The remaining… more
Abstract:Under battlefield conditions, warfighters face a wide range of cutaneous injuries, many of which are susceptible to life- and limb-threatening microbial infections caused by multi-drug resistant bacteria. Nitric oxide is a powerful, broad spectrum antimicrobial agent that is naturally produced by… more
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