Abstract:The overall objective of the Phase 1 effort was to demonstrate the technical feasibility of the Advanced Carbothermal Electric (ACE) Reactor concept. Unlike state-of-the-art carbothermal reactors that use concentrated solar energy and/or laser energy to heat the regolith, the ACE Reactor uses an… more
Abstract:ORBITEC proposes to develop a non-thermal technology based on atmospheric-pressure (AP) cold plasma to sanitize foods, food packaging materials, and other hardware and working surfaces that are encountered during food processing in space vehicles or habitats. AP plasma is well known to be highly… more
Abstract:ORBITEC proposes to develop, fabricate, and test a system to provide 99.999% hydrogen by efficiently performing methane pyrolysis. The system has three unique features: (1) the methane pyrolysis reactor that does not rely on high single-pass efficiencies (which will make the system robust), (2) it… more
Abstract:Orbital Technologies Corporation (ORBITEC) and the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison) propose to develop the Renewable Fuel Production System (RFPS), a system which will produce liquid alkene-based transportation fuels from lignocellulosic biomass. Specifically, we propose to investigate… more
Abstract:Advanced ordnance and propulsion systems of the modern era still utilize vintage energetic materials. These old generation materials, such as RDX and HMX, cannot meet today"s more stringent safety and environmental requirements. Unfortunately, in newer compounds created to replace them, the… more
Abstract:In this Phase I STTR program, ORBITEC and University of Wisconsin-Madison teamed to develop a simultaneous particle image velocimetry and thermometry (PIV+T) diagnostic for reacting flows. In applications such as gas turbine engines, internal combustion engines, and rocket engines, the dynamics of… more
Abstract:Plant-eating insect pests cause significant economic loss in commercial greenhouse growing operations, sometimes amounting to tens of thousands of dollars per hectare. Insects as a vector of plant pathogens also rank very high on the problem list for greenhouse/hothouse growers. Efficiently managing… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is reported to be the leading cause of death and disability for children aged 1 to 19 in the United States. Each year in the United States, approximately 30,000 children and youth experiencesignificant disability from TBI as a result… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In 2006 5.5% of school-aged children in the U.S. received special education for a learning disability. Learning disabilities provide a significant public health concern since school failure poses an enormous risk for the affected child. There is now general… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): At some point in their lives, 80 percent of the work force will suffer some form of back pain. It is the leading cause of work-related disability in the U.S., costing billions of dollars in lost productivity and high medical, insurance, and legal costs. For… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Approximately a third (31%) of adult Americans are prehypertensive (SBP 120-139 and/or DBP 80-89). Health care providers struggle to provide effective support for blood-pressure-lowering behavior changes, while patientscontinue to progress to full hypertension… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Occupational stress causes significant problems for business and industry. The loss to companies in the U.S. totals 300 billion a year. Prolonged or intense stress has a negative impact on an individual's physical andmental health. Of the 155.1 million… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Catatonia is a widespread and serious syndrome characterized by mutism, stupor, refusal to eat or drink, posturing, and hypokinesis, and affects a broad range of psychiatric and other patients in the US and worldwide. Untreated or poorly managed catatonic… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The long-term objective of this project is to reduce risks for alcohol and other drug (AOD) abuse in workers, work groups, and work settings. Annual national surveys continue to show problems with employee AOD abuse andits impact on health and productivity. To… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Metabolism of administered drugs is determined by expression and activity of drug-metabolizing enzymes, such as cytochrome (CYP) P450 enzymes. These P450s are subject to inhibition and sometimes induction by xenobiotics, leading to possible pharmacokinetic… more
Abstract:We propose to fabricate a germanium blocked-impurity-band (BIB) detector using a novel process which will enable us to:1-fabricate a suitably-doped active layer using the well-established bulk crystal-growth process, which guarantees excellent dopant control and extremely low compensating impurities… more
Abstract:We propose to investigate the feasibility of developing a low noise, two-side buttable, 64x64 readout multiplexer with the following key design features:1- By far the largest readout array developed for far IR detectors to date. Four of these readout can be butted together to form a >16k-pixel… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This proposal seeks funding for a Phase I grant to develop tools for older Americans to use in assessing their financial needs and resources, including those related to health care. The Orlin Financial Planner will allow older Americans to access accurate,… more
Abstract:Electroplated hard chrome is used extensively for aerospace and industrial applications because it is wear resistant, corrosion resistant, has a good surface finish and has good adhesion. Naval aircraft use chrome plating on landing gear components because of these characteristics. However these… more
Abstract:Aging aircraft experience fatigue cracking from stress concentrations around rivet holes. Current best practice is to pull an oversized mandrel through the hole to induce beneficial residual compressive stresses and this improves fatigue life significantly. However, the benefit is reduced for… more
Abstract:Cold Spray is an emerging technology that uses pressurized gas to accelerate metal particles above a certain critical velocity so that they adhere to the targeted substrate and to each other. Liquid accelerated cold spray uses high pressure, high velocity liquid to accelerate the particles instead… more
Abstract:The overall goal of this Phase II project is to develop a prototype micro-fluidic sampling system that will lead to a field-deployable detection system capable of detecting low ppb levels of chemical warfare agents (CWAs) and explosive precursors in water. The proposed work will capitalize on Phase… more
Abstract:The goal of this Phase I project is to develop coatings for M8 paper that improve its robustness and rate of detection of potential liquid/aerosol chemical warfare attack at fixed military sites and installations. A problem that is currently experienced with M8 paper is that it is easily… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: In this project, Orora Design Technologies, Inc. is teaming up with researchers from the University at Albany and the University of Washington to develop techniques to design, simulate and fabricate CMOS-memristor CMOL crossnet building blocks and neuromorphic processors. Phase I… more
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: The successful outcome of this effort will support the use of ultra-deep submicron integrated circuits in DoD satellite systems that will result in very significant savings in weight, power and reliability for systems that include Space Radar, Space Tracking and Surveillance Systems and… more
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