Abstract:"OPTRA proposes a Fourier transform phase shift cavity ring down spectroscopy (FT-PS-CRDS) system for high sensitivity detection of air toxic compounds. Our system operates in the 400-4000 cm-1 spectral range wherein lie vapor phase resonance bands for most air toxic compounds and hazardous… more
Abstract:OPTRA proposes the development of a Fiber Optic Hyperspectral Tracker based on a multiple slit dispersive spectrometer. The key components include imaging optics, a fiber optic bundle, a dispersive element, and a focal plane array (FPA). The integrated hyperspectral imager allows for the… more
Abstract:OPTRA proposes the development of an explosive detector comprised of a Risley scanner and a standoff photoacoustic detector for robot-based mobile operation. The Risley scanner is a mature technology, which uses a pair of matched prisms to steer a laser beam anywhere inside a cone. OPTRA has… more
Abstract:Under a 2007 US Navy SBIR solicitation, OPTRA developed a two-color midwave infrared (MWIR) scene projector employing digital micromirror device (DMD) technology. The system employs miniature IR sources and a series of spectral filters to fuse and project spatially identical but spectrally separated… more
Abstract:Orbital Research proposes to develop, build and test a high temperature Data Concentrator Module for use in distributed turbine engine control at high temperatures. The concentrator receives analog and digital signals related to turbine engine control and communicates with a FADEC or high level… more
Abstract:The proposed Combat Situational Awareness System (CSAS) is a comprehensive biometric and SCUBA status monitoring system capable of continuous monitoring of vital information such as heart rate, oxygen saturation, respiration, and full conditions such as battery metering, oxygen sensor status, and… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The use of a distributed electronics interface in air vehicles offers many highly sought benefits but remains conceptual due to the fact that rugged electronic components capable of reliable operation in high temperature environments are not now readily available. In Phase I Orbital… more
Abstract:The innovative High Efficiency, High Output Plastic Melt Waste Compactor (HEHO-PMWC) is a trash dewatering and volume reduction system that uses heat melt compaction to remove nearly 100% of water from trash and reduce the volume by up to 11 times. The HEHO-PMWC system incorporates novel methods to… more
Abstract:ORBITEC proposes to develop and test new, non-toxic ionic liquid fuels for propulsion applications. Vintage propulsion systems frequently use highly toxic propellants such as MMH. The toxicity of these propellants increases not only the risk of the missions but also the expense, due to special… more
Abstract:The overall objective of the Phase 1 effort was to demonstrate the technical feasibility of the Advanced Carbothermal Electric (ACE) Reactor concept. Unlike state-of-the-art carbothermal reactors that use concentrated solar energy and/or laser energy to heat the regolith, the ACE Reactor uses an… more
Abstract:ORBITEC proposes to develop a non-thermal technology based on atmospheric-pressure (AP) cold plasma to sanitize foods, food packaging materials, and other hardware and working surfaces that are encountered during food processing in space vehicles or habitats. AP plasma is well known to be highly… more
Abstract:ORBITEC proposes to develop, fabricate, and test a system to provide 99.999% hydrogen by efficiently performing methane pyrolysis. The system has three unique features: (1) the methane pyrolysis reactor that does not rely on high single-pass efficiencies (which will make the system robust), (2) it… more
Abstract:Orbital Technologies Corporation (ORBITEC) and the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison) propose to develop the Renewable Fuel Production System (RFPS), a system which will produce liquid alkene-based transportation fuels from lignocellulosic biomass. Specifically, we propose to investigate… more
Abstract:Advanced ordnance and propulsion systems of the modern era still utilize vintage energetic materials. These old generation materials, such as RDX and HMX, cannot meet today"s more stringent safety and environmental requirements. Unfortunately, in newer compounds created to replace them, the… more
Abstract:In this Phase I STTR program, ORBITEC and University of Wisconsin-Madison teamed to develop a simultaneous particle image velocimetry and thermometry (PIV+T) diagnostic for reacting flows. In applications such as gas turbine engines, internal combustion engines, and rocket engines, the dynamics of… more
Abstract:Plant-eating insect pests cause significant economic loss in commercial greenhouse growing operations, sometimes amounting to tens of thousands of dollars per hectare. Insects as a vector of plant pathogens also rank very high on the problem list for greenhouse/hothouse growers. Efficiently managing… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is reported to be the leading cause of death and disability for children aged 1 to 19 in the United States. Each year in the United States, approximately 30,000 children and youth experiencesignificant disability from TBI as a result… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In 2006 5.5% of school-aged children in the U.S. received special education for a learning disability. Learning disabilities provide a significant public health concern since school failure poses an enormous risk for the affected child. There is now general… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): At some point in their lives, 80 percent of the work force will suffer some form of back pain. It is the leading cause of work-related disability in the U.S., costing billions of dollars in lost productivity and high medical, insurance, and legal costs. For… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Approximately a third (31%) of adult Americans are prehypertensive (SBP 120-139 and/or DBP 80-89). Health care providers struggle to provide effective support for blood-pressure-lowering behavior changes, while patientscontinue to progress to full hypertension… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Occupational stress causes significant problems for business and industry. The loss to companies in the U.S. totals 300 billion a year. Prolonged or intense stress has a negative impact on an individual's physical andmental health. Of the 155.1 million… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Catatonia is a widespread and serious syndrome characterized by mutism, stupor, refusal to eat or drink, posturing, and hypokinesis, and affects a broad range of psychiatric and other patients in the US and worldwide. Untreated or poorly managed catatonic… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The long-term objective of this project is to reduce risks for alcohol and other drug (AOD) abuse in workers, work groups, and work settings. Annual national surveys continue to show problems with employee AOD abuse andits impact on health and productivity. To… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Metabolism of administered drugs is determined by expression and activity of drug-metabolizing enzymes, such as cytochrome (CYP) P450 enzymes. These P450s are subject to inhibition and sometimes induction by xenobiotics, leading to possible pharmacokinetic… more
Abstract:We propose to fabricate a germanium blocked-impurity-band (BIB) detector using a novel process which will enable us to:1-fabricate a suitably-doped active layer using the well-established bulk crystal-growth process, which guarantees excellent dopant control and extremely low compensating impurities… more
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