Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Dry eye is one of the most frequently diagnosed ocular diseases affecting more than 5 million people in the United States alone. Dry eye is s a multi-factorial disease, resulting from a common etiology of insufficient tear film causing ocular surface damage and… more
Abstract:There is much interest within the accelerator physics community and DOEs Division of High Energy Physics for the development of a Muon Collider machine. A key challenge to realizing a Muon Collider is producing intense muon beams with small transverse emittances. For this project, we propose to… more
Abstract:As UAV usage increases, so increases the need for more power and efficiency for the vehicle and its powerplant. Rotary engines, due to their inherently high power density, have become popular as Unmanned Arial Vehicle (UAV) propulsion systems. The rotary engines high specific power places very high… more
Abstract:NASA's future science missions to investigate the structure and evolution of the universe require highly efficient, very low temperature coolers for low noise detector systems. We propose to develop a highly efficient, lightweight Active Magnetic Regenerative Refrigeration (AMRR) system that… more
Abstract:Future manned space exploration missions will require space suits with capabilities beyond the current state of the art. Portable Life Support Systems for these future space suits face daunting challenges, since they must maintain healthy and comfortable conditions inside the suit for long-duration… more
Abstract:For a number of years Creare has developed, fabricated, and tested highly miniaturized, high vacuum pumps specifically designed for mass spectrometers used on NASA Mars missions. These pumps would also be useful on other missions to planets and satellites with atmosphere, such as Titan, as well as… more
Abstract:Future NASA space missions require advanced systems to convert thermal energy into electric power. These systems must be reliable, efficient, and lightweight. In response, we propose to develop an intercooled turbo-Brayton power converter with high efficiency and specific power. The converter… more
Abstract:Future NASA Space Science Missions will incorporate detectors, sensors, shields, and telescopes that must be cooled to cryogenic temperatures. An enabling technology for these missions is advanced cryocoolers that can provide continuous and distributed cooling with minimal input power. On this… more
Abstract:In situ resource utilization (ISRU) is essential for several of NASA's future flagship missions. Currently envisioned ISRU plants include production of oxygen from hydrogen reduction of lunar regolith and extraction of water from Martian regolith or asteroid material. These ISRU processes… more
Abstract:Environmental control systems for manned exploration spacecraft and lunar/planetary bases will need a condensing heat exchanger (CHX) to control humidity in crew habitat modules. Antimicrobial coatings are needed to prevent growth of microbes and formation of biofilms on the condensing surfaces… more
Abstract:This proposal is responsive to NASA SBIR Topic X10.01, specifically, the need for efficient small- to medium-scale hydrogen liquefaction technologies including domestically produced wet cryogenic turboexpanders. Future NASA missions will require hydrogen liquefaction systems for earth-based,… more
Abstract:Mobile production of electric power requires generators that are compact, lightweight, efficient, and reliable. Although standard generator approaches that use radial magnetic fields are very mature, they are also larger and heavier than desired. In response, we propose to develop an axial-flux… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Airborne directed energy weapons offer advantages over conventional weapons as they minimize collateral damage, reducing the cost of post-conflict reconstruction. However, the high power levels required by these weapons present size and weight challenges for airborne applications. In… more
Abstract:For the U.S. Navy, Creare is developing a Compact Swaging Machine (CSM) to attach arresting gear Purchase Cable terminals on ship. Our CSM utilizes three innovative features to dramatically reduce the size and weight of the swaging machine to make it usable in a shipboard environment: (1) a high… more
Abstract:Future military communication systems will rely on advanced superconductor digital electronics. These electronics will require efficient cooling at low temperatures near 4 K. Pulse-tube cryocoolers are a candidate cooling technology for this application. We propose to improve the efficiency of the… more
Abstract:The performance of modern combustion systems used in propulsion devices (such as gas turbine main combustors, augmentors, and rockets) is largely dependent on the mixing of fuel and oxidizer. This mixing process, often involving a liquid jet emanating into a gaseous flow followed by subsequent… more
Abstract:Extremely Efficient Nebulizer for Intranasal Vaccination. Specifically the nasal delivery device could reduce health care associated infections by providing a needle-free method of delivery of vaccines and therapeutics which are currently delivered by injection with all the attendant risks of… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will prove the feasibility of using a photolytic process to separate carbon dioxide (CO2) from monoethanolamine (MEA) scrubbers for carbon capture in power plants. This innovation is based on verified studies showing that photolysis… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project proposes to significantly expand the number of marketable compounds that can be converted from depleted uranium tetrafluoride (DUF4). DUF4 is produced by the reduction of depleted hexafluoride (DUF6), the largest and one of the most… more
Abstract:This proposal is to develop a High Risk Rapid Ethnographic Assessment Tool (HRREAT) that will provide commanders and their staff with a fully-integrated, user-friendly suite of tools for the rapid collection, management, analysis, modeling, and visualization of ethnographic data in denied areas to… more
Abstract:This proposal is to develop an integrated Collaborative Information Infrastructure for Planning, Operations and Evaluation (CIIPOE). The CIIPOE will include capabilities for critical information integration, COA development and evaluation, operations pla
Abstract:This proposal is for developing Novel Techniques for the Synthesis of High Fidelity Social Network Data (SHIELD). The objective is to develop scalable methods, tools and techniques to synthesize and validate high fidelity social network data and to provide these to researchers in a modular,… more
Abstract:This proposal id to develop a"Multi-Agent Simulation and Causal Model (MSCM) System for Enhancing Team Cognitive Readiness."The MSCM system will include methods, metrics, visualizations, and interventions for optimizing team mental model effectiveness and convergence. The proposed work… more
Abstract:This project develops methods and tools to assist with analysis, interpretation and decision making regarding data about the co-evolution of multiple, interdependent, temporally-embedded, complex, social meta-networks. Models that narrowly focus on networks with only one relational type do not… more
Abstract:This proposal is to develop a system for Knowledge Extraction for Prediction and Visualization of Terrorist Networks (PVTN). The PVTN system will provide tools to discover, extract and display trends in the evolution of terrorist networks as an aid to the tactical decision maker. We propose a… more
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