The vast majority of today’s polymers, plastics, foams, synthetic fiber, adhesives, and coatings are made from oil, which is non-renewable, non-biodegradable, depends in large part on foreign sources, is highly sensitive to regional conflicts, and has a large carbon footprint.… more
Abstract:"Large farms and feedlot operations produce large quantities of manure in a small area. Anaerobic digester units capable of producing pipeline quality methane installed at each farm or dairy could be instrumental in eliminating the difficulties associated with the transport of manure off site. If… more
Abstract:In recent years there has been increased interest in the development of microelecrode arrays for implantation in the brain to stimulate paralyzed body parts, to provide blind people with artificial vision, and to allow disabled people to operate a computer-controlled prosthetic device. Current… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Advanced spacecraft will demand thrusters that provide both extremely efficient operation for attitude control and high thrust for orbital transfer maneuvers, albeit with lower specific impulse. The colloid thruster, the most efficient of the electric thruster concepts, forms a Taylor… more
Abstract:Kinetic penetrators are currently made of depleted alloys of uranium or tungsten, which are both toxic heavy metals that are harmful to human health and the environment. Amorphous metals have the high strength, fracture toughness and surface erosion resistance needed to replace uranium and tungsten… more
Abstract:Air launched small unmanned aerial systems (SUAS) are limited by the current use of lithium-ion batteries (~150 Wh/kg) for power. To obtain a 4 hour run time of Group 1 SUAS a new battery technology is needed. TDA Research has discovered a fundamentally new battery cathode chemistry for high… more
Abstract:UV curable powder coating is an attractive technology which has far less environmental impact. Than conventional coating processes. Since powder systems are solvent-free they reduce air pollutants and reduce waste streams by eliminating the disposable of leftover wet paint. For these reasons the… more
Abstract:Bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaics (BHJ OPV) are a promising technology for converting sunlight into electricity because, in principle, they can be manufactured by coating a wide range of substrates by various solutions containing the organic (and inorganic) materials. However, current BHJ… more
Abstract:Today"s military must be highly mobile and carry all necessary equipment and supplies with them. A major limitation to mobility is the need to carry fresh water. Although there are military systems that are very effective in treating any source water for drinking, the size, weight, energy… more
Abstract:Vector-borne diseases plague hundreds of millions of people worldwide, including U.S. soldiers who operate abroad. To reduce the impact of vector-borne diseases on military operations, the Military employs the arthropod repellent system, which combines a permethrin-treated uniform with the use of… more
Abstract:Navy aircraft are equipped with an On-Board Oxygen Generation System (OBOGS) to supply the pilot and the crew with supplemental oxygen for high altitude operation. However, Navy aircraft are usually closely spaced while waiting for take-off from aircraft carriers, and the jet engine exhaust… more
Abstract:RDRTec Inc. proposes to develop innovative coherent temporal processing techniques and radar modes that detect, discriminate, and track small boats and semi-submersible vessels in the presence of highly variable Doppler spectra characteristics that occur in the littoral sea clutter environment.
Abstract:This effort is to develop and prove the feasibility of techniques that accurately characterize the tracker errors when predicting the target"s future position. This is the essence of optimal UAS sense decision making processes in the presence of non-cooperative aircraft.
Abstract:A detailed analysis will be accomplished to determine the feasibility of merging the automated ship and small craft classification functions currently under development under separate SBIR Maritime Classification Aids (MCA) efforts with the Ocean Surveillance Initiative (OSI) maritime tactical… more
Abstract:This effort will develop innovative techniques to provide target classification of ground moving target indication (GMTI) contacts using simultaneous and continuous streaming SAR imagery of moving targets within the scene. Using modified waveforms but the same data that is used for SAR processing,… more
Abstract:This effort is to develop techniques to provide improved ship and small boat classification using hybrid synthetic aperture radar inverse synthetic aperture radar (SAR-ISAR) imaging. Both ISAR and SAR exploit target viewing angle diversity to form the cross range dimension of the image. The… more
Abstract:This reseach addresses innovative techniques that will provide robust multi-sensor (infrared and radar) classification tools to assist the operator"s rapid and accurate classification of ships and small boats in the littoral. Radars employing Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar (ISAR) processing… more
Abstract:RDRTec Inc. and SAIC propose to develop and test innovative processor architectures for Maritime Classification Aids (MCA) and Sense And Avoid (SAA) algorithms. MCA algorithms include ship classification and Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) for both stand-alone Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar… more
Abstract:RDRTec Inc. and SAIC propose to continue the development of Maritime Classification Aids (MCA) that includes the automation of ship and small craft classification using all the sensors and modes available. These include the use and merging of all available sensor data (radar, visible/infrared, and… more
Abstract:The Modular Intelligent Manipulation system with Intuitive Control (MIMIC) will significantly increases the effectiveness of robotic manipulators by giving the operator of a robotic arm the sensation that it is his or her arm actually manipulating an object. As the operator moves his hand, the robot… more
Abstract:Coal gasification plants have exhibited sub-par performance and plant economics due to poor reliability and availability. A major contributor to the poor performance has been fouling of the syngas cooler located downstream of the gasifier. The fouling is due to vaporized ash from the coal… more
Abstract:The objective of the proposed Phase II STTR effort is to develop a validated computational tool to predict the afterburning of non-ideal munitions containing metal and hydrocarbon fuels. The activities outlined devise a well-coordinated collaboration among researchers from Reaction Engineering… more
Abstract:Tremendous advances have been made in the development of large and accurate detailed reaction chemistry models for hydrocarbon fuels. Comparable progress has also been achieved in CFD as an engineering design tool. Highly accurate hydrocarbon chemistry is now desired for simulating gas turbine… more
Abstract:The development of new, robust, lightweight systems for CO2 removal during EVA is a crucial need for NASA. With current and anticipated space activities, mission times will need to be extended without increasing the size and weight of the portable life support system (PLSS). While much of the… more
Abstract:Restricting physical access is currently the only practical security method for Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems. However, advanced systems must interconnect devices and link to networks. Future SCADA systems thus face threats through internal networks, the Internet, and… more
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