Abstract:Situational awareness is paramount when conducting operations in potentially hostile terrain. Vehicle operators must focus on multiple tasks simultaneously: navigation, collision avoidance, location of possible IED threats, and identification of dismount threats. Fatigue and distractions affect… more
Abstract:Fully automated approaches to target detection are efficient at processing large amounts of data but often rely heavily on the training data and the model employed. Training data and modeling assumptions can be violated in the operational environments where the algorithms are applied. Alternatively,… more
Abstract:We propose a high performance library of signal processing tools that incorporate a newly developed technique known as fluctuation enhanced sensing (FES) to enhance the novel microsensor developed at NIST. Our goal is to improve the performance of the NIST sensor from two angles. One is to apply our… more
Abstract:We propose novel and real-time smart software tools to process spectroscopy data. Material abundance or compositional maps will be generated for rover guidance, sample selection, and other scientific missions. First, we propose a novel anomaly detector called clustered kernel Reed-Xiaoli (CKRX)… more
Abstract:Some commercial auscultation devices pick up all sounds without filtering out the background noise. Although the electronic stethoscopes made by 3M and Thinklab have some simple built-in filters, those filters cannot differentiate important internal body sounds from interfering background noise.… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The test and evaluation (T & E) mission in complex test facilities results in large amounts of data. Moreover, the data may have different characteristics, including images from particle image velocimetry data, air flow data, etc. Finally, some of the data may come from a network of… more
Abstract:Matrix completion has many applications such as link recovery, data mining, image reconstruction, etc. We propose a novel algorithm to solve the above mentioned matrix completion problem. In particular, we have derived a novel framework to approximate the rank by another function. This novel… more
Abstract:Advanced Mission Management (AMM) requires Automated Mission Planning (AMP) capability that, in turn, dictates the need to have tools for intelligent fusion of multi-source data for situational awareness, human-like reasoning for optimal mission plans (course-of-action (COA)) determination, and… more
Abstract:We propose a novel, high performance, and standalone system for improving close air support (CAS) effectiveness. We have several important elements. First, we propose a standalone noise cancellation device (NCD) that can be inserted between the handset and the transceiver. That is, the handset… more
Abstract:Coherent distributed active sonar systems are of great importance for the prosecution of modern day underwater threats. Existing systems typically employ sensor management strategies that underutilize the full capabilities of the multistatic sensor field. If the distributed multistatic field could… more
Abstract:Traditional tradeoff methodologies have not permitted an easy, efficient and analytically-based means for trading between traditional survivability areas and other selected non-traditional survivability technology functional areas such as lethality, mobility, situational awareness, blast mitigation… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Rosacea is a chronic dermatological condition characterized by flushing, erythema, papules, pustules, inflammatory nodules and telangiectasia. Although disease etiology remains unclear, skin inflammation has been identified as the main contributor to disease… more
Abstract:Silatronix has developed novel organosilicon compounds that can be used as drop-in replacements for conventional carbonate electrolytes in lithium-ion cells. These organosilicon electrolytes have very high flash points and have demonstrated superior stability and safety characteristics. In the… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Silicon Space Technology (SST) proposes designing a customized 130nm Metal Programmable System on a Chip (MPSoC) slice based upon our 130nm fabric that can be used to implement multi-million gate designs. The slice would have embedded IP sub-circuits and IO interfaces that can be used to… more
Abstract:Recent clinical research has established that this ratio is indicative of the activity of the CYP2A6 enzyme that metabolises nicotine. Nicotine is metabolized to COT and then to 3HC. People with high activity of this enzyme, clear nicotine faster and henceneed more nicotine to maintain the addiction… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This proposal describes Phase II of the development of a rapid point-of-care test kit for the direct measurement of bacteriuria as a diagnostic for urinary tract infections (UTIs). While bacteriuria at a level of 105 CFU/ml is the gold standard for UTI diagnosis,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are a significant problem for athletes, and women in particular. Both surgical and non-surgical treatment options exist, with the ultimate goal of regaining joint stability, knee kinematics, and quadriceps strength… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Inactivity and loss of productive function commonly accompany severe psychiatric disorders (e.g., schizophrenia, other psychotic disorders, mood disorders, PTSD). Yet, surveys (Becker, 2002) indicate that more than 75%of people with these disorders wish to… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Obesity in the United States is at historically high levels and is an important health problem (Flegal et al., 2010). While the concern affects all age groups, the instances of childhood obesity have tripled within thelast twenty-five years. Not only do… more
Abstract:The ability to quickly and reliably simulate high-speed flows over a wide range of geometrically complex configurations is critical to many of NASA's missions. Advances in CFD methods and parallel computing have provided NASA the core flow solvers to perform these simulations. However, the ease… more
Abstract:Researchers at SLAC ACD have developed a new generation of high-order finite element procedures for electromagnetic analysis that cans effectively simulation new accelerator designs. These same analysis procedures are well suited for electromagnetic applications ranging from threat detection, to… more
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR will provide a flexible and expandable system for the simulation of crack propagation in structures focusing on turbine engine metallic components. The work here will build off of years of work already invested in developing such a system. The software will be designed to be easily… more
Abstract:The focus of this SBIR project is to provide the technologies needed to go from image data of material microstructures to geometric models representations, and associated meshes of those geometries, that will support the effective application of engineering modeling and simulation to predict the… more
Abstract:A technique that enables new methods of obscurant modeling with faster rendering while maintaining or improving physical fidelity is proposed. the proposed technique not only exhibits the qualities of voxel based obscurants, but matches real-world data as well. The main objective from Phase I… more
Abstract:A technique that enables rapid high fidelity SAR scene generation is proposed. Results of Phase I have shown the proposed technique superior to current convolution methods. The technique will be optimized and tested for the AMRDEC common scene generator. A stand-alone product for commercialization… more
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