Abstract:High-g testing through controlled deceleration has proven to be a key to the successful development of electronics that must survive gun launch. The need for this type of testing is expected to continue as the Army is driven to greater precision to reduce collateral damage, with several programs… more
Abstract:SIFT proposes to build SAT-CIRCA: an integrated, verifiable architecture for real-time satellite response planning and execution. In previous research, we have developed the Cooperative Intelligent Real-time Control Architecture (CIRCA), including a planning system uniquely capable of reasoning… more
Abstract:Currently, there are over 10,000 MRI scanners used in the US alone. US citizens today are mobile and many times medical treatments may require MRI scans from several different facilities. Images from MRI scanners can also drift over time. There is a tremendous need for all medical imaging scanners… more
Abstract:In Phase I, our research team set forth an innovative design of and enabling techniques for universal plug and play navigation (UPNAV) that reconfigures itself on-the-fly as aiding sensors are connected to and disconnected from the system without the need for system redesign and software recompiling… more
Abstract:The proposed Phase I program will develop a Bayesian framework for modeling and predicting track uncertainty and performance as a function of OCs and integrate this framework with algorithms for tracking vehicles in WAMI. The proposed Performance and Uncertainty Modeling and Prediction for Tracking… more
Abstract:Situational awareness is paramount when conducting operations in potentially hostile terrain. Vehicle operators must focus on multiple tasks simultaneously: navigation, collision avoidance, location of possible IED threats, and identification of dismount threats. Fatigue and distractions affect… more
Abstract:Fully automated approaches to target detection are efficient at processing large amounts of data but often rely heavily on the training data and the model employed. Training data and modeling assumptions can be violated in the operational environments where the algorithms are applied. Alternatively,… more
Abstract:We propose a high performance library of signal processing tools that incorporate a newly developed technique known as fluctuation enhanced sensing (FES) to enhance the novel microsensor developed at NIST. Our goal is to improve the performance of the NIST sensor from two angles. One is to apply our… more
Abstract:We propose novel and real-time smart software tools to process spectroscopy data. Material abundance or compositional maps will be generated for rover guidance, sample selection, and other scientific missions. First, we propose a novel anomaly detector called clustered kernel Reed-Xiaoli (CKRX)… more
Abstract:Some commercial auscultation devices pick up all sounds without filtering out the background noise. Although the electronic stethoscopes made by 3M and Thinklab have some simple built-in filters, those filters cannot differentiate important internal body sounds from interfering background noise.… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The test and evaluation (T & E) mission in complex test facilities results in large amounts of data. Moreover, the data may have different characteristics, including images from particle image velocimetry data, air flow data, etc. Finally, some of the data may come from a network of… more
Abstract:Matrix completion has many applications such as link recovery, data mining, image reconstruction, etc. We propose a novel algorithm to solve the above mentioned matrix completion problem. In particular, we have derived a novel framework to approximate the rank by another function. This novel… more
Abstract:Advanced Mission Management (AMM) requires Automated Mission Planning (AMP) capability that, in turn, dictates the need to have tools for intelligent fusion of multi-source data for situational awareness, human-like reasoning for optimal mission plans (course-of-action (COA)) determination, and… more
Abstract:We propose a novel, high performance, and standalone system for improving close air support (CAS) effectiveness. We have several important elements. First, we propose a standalone noise cancellation device (NCD) that can be inserted between the handset and the transceiver. That is, the handset… more
Abstract:Coherent distributed active sonar systems are of great importance for the prosecution of modern day underwater threats. Existing systems typically employ sensor management strategies that underutilize the full capabilities of the multistatic sensor field. If the distributed multistatic field could… more
Abstract:Traditional tradeoff methodologies have not permitted an easy, efficient and analytically-based means for trading between traditional survivability areas and other selected non-traditional survivability technology functional areas such as lethality, mobility, situational awareness, blast mitigation… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Rosacea is a chronic dermatological condition characterized by flushing, erythema, papules, pustules, inflammatory nodules and telangiectasia. Although disease etiology remains unclear, skin inflammation has been identified as the main contributor to disease… more
Abstract:Silatronix has developed novel organosilicon compounds that can be used as drop-in replacements for conventional carbonate electrolytes in lithium-ion cells. These organosilicon electrolytes have very high flash points and have demonstrated superior stability and safety characteristics. In the… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Silicon Space Technology (SST) proposes designing a customized 130nm Metal Programmable System on a Chip (MPSoC) slice based upon our 130nm fabric that can be used to implement multi-million gate designs. The slice would have embedded IP sub-circuits and IO interfaces that can be used to… more
Abstract:Recent clinical research has established that this ratio is indicative of the activity of the CYP2A6 enzyme that metabolises nicotine. Nicotine is metabolized to COT and then to 3HC. People with high activity of this enzyme, clear nicotine faster and henceneed more nicotine to maintain the addiction… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This proposal describes Phase II of the development of a rapid point-of-care test kit for the direct measurement of bacteriuria as a diagnostic for urinary tract infections (UTIs). While bacteriuria at a level of 105 CFU/ml is the gold standard for UTI diagnosis,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are a significant problem for athletes, and women in particular. Both surgical and non-surgical treatment options exist, with the ultimate goal of regaining joint stability, knee kinematics, and quadriceps strength… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Inactivity and loss of productive function commonly accompany severe psychiatric disorders (e.g., schizophrenia, other psychotic disorders, mood disorders, PTSD). Yet, surveys (Becker, 2002) indicate that more than 75%of people with these disorders wish to… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Obesity in the United States is at historically high levels and is an important health problem (Flegal et al., 2010). While the concern affects all age groups, the instances of childhood obesity have tripled within thelast twenty-five years. Not only do… more
Abstract:The ability to quickly and reliably simulate high-speed flows over a wide range of geometrically complex configurations is critical to many of NASA's missions. Advances in CFD methods and parallel computing have provided NASA the core flow solvers to perform these simulations. However, the ease… more
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