Abstract:Distracted driving could have severe repercussions leading to loss of life, loss of property, and expensive lawsuits. While there can be many reasons for the driver to get distracted, research shows that the probability of accidents from texting/web-surfing while driving is an order of magnitude… more
Abstract:Congestion due to a work zone can cause accidents, as the drivers may not be prepared to take sudden actions ahead of a work zone or in some cases may not have enough visibility/time. Transmitting alert messages in advance can enable the driver to take safety precautionary measures so that it is… more
Abstract:he current produced in electrochemical galvanic cells is primarily dependent on the rate of the electrode reactions where the cell's anode is less negative, supplying less energy than thermodynamically predicted, and the cell's cathode is less positive, supplying less energy than… more
Abstract:Obscurant materials are used by the Army to protect both the soldier and his equipment. Several obscurant systems have been developed over the years to counter various threats in many areas of the electromagnetic spectrum. Historically, work has focused on infrared and visible signature reducing… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Nearly half of all U.S. and coalition deaths in Afghanistan are due to improvised explosive devices (IEDs). In addition, more than 600 IED incidents occur monthly throughout the rest of the world. While JIEDDO has introduced a number of sensor technologies that reduce the effectiveness of… more
Abstract:The proposed innovation adopts a hybrid electro-optical approach, which combines the best of the electronic and photonic approaches to achieve high sensitivity, high inter-channel stability, and large-scale integration for an integrated mm-wave receiver. Silicon photonics provides the ideal platform… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: In the future, numerous military database, documentation, and mission-critical information systems will be migrated to the clouds, due to cloud cost-efficiency and accessing flexibility. However, the cloud servers are generally untrusted either for data owners or users. In this proposal,… more
Abstract:Simply encrypted data storage is unable to prevent data loss or compromise if the storage device is damaged or compromised by an adversary. Distributed data storage is the alternative that divides the original data into fragments and secretly stored them on distributed devices with certain… more
Abstract:We investigate a problem of significant practical importance, namely, the recovery of the data matrix from a partial set of its entries that are collected in a noisy environment (i.e., a noisy partial matrix). Our proposed Near-Optimal Matrix Completion (NOMC) target to provide a leading approach… more
Abstract:This STTR is aimed at developing methods and tools to characterize the impact of free-play on control surface flutter and overall stability and performance of the system. A successful completion of this two-phased STTR effort will lead to a modeling, analysis, design, and simulation tool that will… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: High temperature applications of titanium alloys are limited by their affinity to oxygen. In these alloys, oxygen absorption results in a brittle surface layer (i.e. alpha-case) that has a deteriorating effect on the mechanical properties of the material. Reducing oxygen ingress into… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: In phase I of this program, we proposed to develop and validate detailed designs for highly scaled silicon photonic-electronic chips for applications relevant to the DOD in high-bandwidth data communication. This effort has been closely coordinated with the OPSIS (Optoelectronic Systems… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The objective of this STTR Phase II project is to continue the development of a fine scale forecast model capability that will provide a technologically superior, high resolution atmospheric decision tool to accurately predict areas of clear air turbulence in the upper troposphere and… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: This research plans to use existing MSSS sensors to investigate methods to detect and track faint objects (greater than or equal to 14th visual magnitude) in any orbit around the Earth using ground-based electro-optics sensors, without prior knowledge of the object's orbit. The… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Space situational awareness is often limited by the ability of sensors to produce resolved data on space objects. Large objects cannot be resolved with small low-cost telescopes; objects in geo-synchronous orbit are too remote to be resolved. The best hope of ending these limitations is… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: In this research PDS plans to use existing telescopes and sensors at MSSS with minor modifications to detect and track Geosynchronous or Geo-transfer vehicles during daylight. The main obstacle to viewing satellites in daylight is the bright sky foreground. The bright foreground problem… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project aims to develop cost-effective high-performance flexible radio frequency (RF) electronics based on a crystalline nanomembrane roll-to-roll printing process. Such flexible electronic systems can concurrently demonstrate high speed (>5… more
Abstract:The proposed effort to develop a modular Hybrid UAV Propulsion system whereby the best ICE or Turbine generator can be integrated as it is developed. Northwest UAV Propulsion Systems will work with AMRDEC and utilize the data collected on several EM and ESC that AMRDEC has tested over the last year.… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Magnolia Solar proposes to develop an innovative high-efficiency, single-junction solar cell in collaboration with Prof. Diana Huffaker and her group by utilizing multi-photon absorption processes in InAsSb/AlAsSb quantum dot structures. The proposed device structure satisfies the unique… more
Abstract:Current otoacostic emission probes used diagnostic evaluation middle and inner ear components of hearing are not capable of producing well-calibrated and high-quality acoustic stimuli that cover the entire frequency range of human hearing and are thus unsuited for rapid evaluation of the range of… more
Abstract:NASA is interested in advancing green technology research for achieving sustainable and environmentally friendly energy sources. Thermo-electric power generation (TEPG) has exceptionally rich potential to fulfill this need. A TEPG module requires (1) material that can provide high figure of merit… more
Abstract:"In Phase I we introduced a new UV-transparent material, Barium Borate or BBO, as a new acousto-optic (AO) material to replace fused silica for ultraviolet (UV) beam manipulation in trapped-ion based quantum information processors (QIP). We characterized t"
Abstract:Our approach for protecting critical program information in US weapons systems from exploitation or reverse-engineering efforts is based on a new sensor technology. Utilizing advances in the field of nanotechnology and the sub-field of plasmonics, our design is miniscule in size and allows for… more
Abstract:The technical objectives of this proposal are: 1) the design of 3.0-3.5 micron-emitting quantum cascade laser (QCL) structures grown on metamorphic-buffer-layer (MBL) substrates; 2) the realization of electroluminescent QCL structures on MBLs with emission in the 3.0-3.5-micron wavelength range.… more
Abstract:The technical objectives of this proposal are: 1) Implement the design developed in Phase I for the realization of 8 micron-emitting active-photonic-crystal (APC) quantum-cascade (QC) lasers of 3 W average, diffraction-limited power and 15 % wallplug efficiency in quasi-CW operation; 2) Design and… more
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