Abstract:A mobile computing application will be developed for Apple iOS and Google Android based mobile devices. This application will be targeted towards healthcare providers who make routine use of mobile devices in their daily work. The application will be capable of capturing all information required for… more
Abstract:Solid-state fuel cells operating at intermediate temperatures of 200300 degrees C are attractive energy conversion devices because they combine many advantages of high- and low-temperature fuel cells, i.e., high durability to CO poisoning, simplified water management, increased energy conversion… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Cigarette smoking and secondhand exposure to tobacco smoke cause an estimated average of 438,000 premature deaths each year in the United States. Nicotine, coadministered in tobacco products, is an addicting substance that causes individuals to continue use of… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries (LIB) are providing power for an increasing range of portable medical devices. With their light weight and higher voltages, device capabilities have improved within acceptable weight limits for portability. However, the… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Giner, Inc. proposes a portable, inexpensive, and rapid-response monitor for arsenic speciation in urine. Arsenic species excreted in urine are reflective of human exposure to toxic arsenic, and therefore this sensor will be a valuable biomonitoring tool in… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Approximately 623,000 people currently live in the United States with a lower limb amputation, with 30,000 new transfemoral amputations conducted each year. The latest commercial product is a prosthetic knee powered byan electric motor designed to function as an… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Electronically Activated Polymer (EAP) structures hold great potential for use in several medical applications, including implantable pumps and actuators, artificial muscles, microtools for intravascular intervention and soft prosthetics. The structures can be… more
Abstract:Current methods for heating seedling trays in the greenhouse envelope during colder climates include natural gas, geothermal as well as electric. The most common method of heating the greenhouse is with natural gas. Natural gas systems use a forced air commercial furnace to blow heated air onto the… more
Abstract:Innovation in perishable foodstuff track-and-trace is of critical importance to cost and time-sensitive customers such as the food industry where spoilage is of concern, safety and security are paramount, and counterfeit and bio-terrorism prevention are urgent priorities. The proposed research would… more
Abstract:Human Campylobacter disease caused by the foodborne pathogens, Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli, is a huge public health problem globally. The economic burden of this disease, which ranges from mild self-limiting diarrhea to devastating neurological complications, in the United States… more
Abstract:Agricultural breeding programs inevitably produce individuals on the non-desired gender, such as male calves on a dairy farm. These individuals are harvested or destroyed early on, to minimize the cost of supporting these animals. Nonetheless, they reduced the profitability and efficiency of these… more
Abstract:Our company has several vaccine candidates that could help in protecting animals from Johne's disease. In this phase of the project, we will test the performance of these vaccines in mice. Once proven protective, we will be able to run more tests on a ruminant model of infection that pave the… more
Abstract:Rural communities, comprised of both residential and commercial buildings, are struggling to maintain their populations and the vitality of their downtown districts and schools. They are spending significant dollars on energy bills and wasting as much as 25% of that energy. Buildings accounted for… more
Abstract:Mathematics achievement of Native American students is the lowest of all racial and ethnic groups, a disadvantage that is evident by the fourth grade. Students living on American Indian reservations, which are located in rural persistent poverty counties, perform even below the national average for… more
Abstract:Diabetes is an epidemic disease in the United States and accounts for 15% of all US healthcare costs. The rural Mississippi Delta region is statistically at the epicenter of the negative trends in the health and has the highest prevalence of diabetes and obesity in the nation. Low health literacy… more
Abstract:Industrial smokehouses are large forced-air convection batch ovens used to cook and smoke meat products such as bacon, ham, bologna, whole turkeys, chicken breast, snack sticks, jerky, smoked sausage, hotdogs, sliced luncheon meats, and other smoked meats. These huge smokehouses are crucial to the… more
Abstract:Present farm and industrial meat production methods and technologies have a number of associated problems including health risks (infectious animal diseases, nutrition-related diseases), resource intensity (land, water, energy), damage to environment (green house gas emission, erosion, biodiversity… more
Abstract:The general problem: In the United States today, the health consequences associated with childhood and adolescent obesity are projected to produce the first decline in life expectancy since the Great Depression. More than 23 million children and adolescents are overweight or obese. The role of fat… more
Abstract:In combating terrorism, Warfighters must monitor at risk individuals and groups. The data sources needed to monitor such entities can consist of military sensors as well as open source literature. Key data types include unstructured text, audio, imagery, and biometric data. Currently, there does… more
Abstract:Developments in the availability of audio data and the methods of collecting it have only added to the problem of data overload for the DoD. Automated methods of analysis are the only way to process the necessary volume of audio data in a timely manner. The need exists both within the military and… more
Abstract:The intelligence value of a document goes far beyond the face value of its content1. Clues to the identity, worldview, and even the psychological state of its author are encoded in features such as word choice, sentence structure, and explicit and implied statements of group membership. Years of… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Technology to aid in the understanding and exploitation of text has not kept pace with the technology used to generate, record, transmit, and store the data. This imbalance has led to a situation where Warfighters spend a disproportionate amount of time both finding information they need… more
Abstract:To keep abreast of groups and individuals operating in a particular area, US forces gather vast amounts of intelligence. Extracted from this sea of information are the entities that exist in the data. We have made great leaps in entity extraction technology. The next challenge is to overcome entity… more
Abstract:Modern conflict is complex and dynamic. Although US forces"ability to collect data has risen to meet the challenges posed by this dynamic complexity, vast stores of information are not, by themselves, sufficient to support an effective Observation, Orientation, Decision, and Action (OODA) cycle… more
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