Abstract:The core objective will be to demonstrate the feasibility of creating an affordable, long-lasting clean cook stove solution that delivers at least 90% emissions reduction and 50% lower fuel usage than traditional biomass stoves. Over the period 2009-2011, BioLite developed an innovative, low cost… more
Abstract:With rising energy costs and finite supply, Energy Conservation Measures (ECMs) are becoming increasingly important in the United States, particularly in regard to buildings, which account for 40% of the total energy used in America. Currently, energy use in buildings can be assessed through… more
Abstract:Traditional cooking practices, prevalent in many developing nations, emit massive quantities of black carbon and other pollutants through the inefficient combustion of biomass fuels. As a result, improved cook stoves are being introduced worldwide as a fuel-efficient and cleaner-burning solution.… more
Abstract:Oil extraction generates an estimated 2.4 billion gallons/day of produced water, which is brought to the surface together with oil and contains contaminants such as oil, drilling additives, metal ions and particulates which must be treated before reuse or disposal. Membrane separation, specifically … more
Abstract:As outlined in the document Technical Topics Descriptions, FY 2012, Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs, July 2011, page 137: Sn-117m has gotten a lot of interest in the last few years. It has favorable nuclear properties for both imaging… more
Abstract:Synchrotron-based science has had a great scientific impact and will continue to have great impact going forward. In spite of the large investment in the 3rd generation light sources, most beam lines do not preserve the sources phase profile or brightness all the way to the sample. For these high… more
Abstract:The U.S Department of Energy is seeking a sensitive and robust sensor that can perform real-time, in situ monitoring of hexavalent chromium in groundwater wells at environmental legacy sites, and that is capable of operating for extended periods without maintenance. Recent laboratory tests have… more
Abstract:There is an urgent need for domestic sources of low-cost, large-scale renewable biofuels. Micro-algae are one of most promising sources of renewable energy, with high potential per-acre oil productivity, minimal competition with arable land and limited freshwater supplies, and efficient recycling of… more
Abstract:Most schemes currently proposed for carbon sequestration rely on storing CO2 in a supercritical state in deep saline reservoirs where buoyancy forces drive the injected CO2 upward in the aquifer until a seal is reached. The permanence of this type of sequestration depends entirely on the long-term… more
Abstract:The interconnected consequences of the national energy strategy compel us to design energy systems to operate at higher temperatures to achieve greater efficiency and reduced greenhouse gas emissions. The success of various promising clean coal technologies will rely in part on sensors that can… more
Abstract:The native format of netCDF generated from regional climate models (RCMs) is not readily accessible or useable by the general public who may not have analytical tools to plot, visualize, or analyze the data. In response to this need, the overall long term objective of this study is to make high… more
Abstract:We realized in discussions with SLAC engineering that a serious problem lies in the antiquated technology of the S-Band RF loads. The load components on the current SLAC system were designed, in some cases, 40+ years ago to terminate 8-10 MW peak power using 200 micrometers of coated… more
Abstract:High current z-pinches are an excellent way to produce high-energy plasmas as radiation sources for Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) and x-ray radiation effect studies. High current pulsed power z-pinch machines for these applications have a challenge that limits their ultimate capability, namely… more
Abstract:Marker-assisted breeding programs for new biofuel crops have the potential to rapidly accelerate crop development, but they are ham- strung by the slow pace at which new phenotypes can be evaluated for composition. Current extraction and analysis technologies are not up to the task. New assay… more
Abstract:The objective of this work is to demonstrate a new Lehighton Electronics, Inc. (LEI) measurement technology that has high sensitivity to determine process deviations that may take place during the production of multicrystalline solar cells. The new technology measures a non-contact open-circuit… more
Abstract:The Radiance lighting simulation system, primarily developed by the Department of Energy, is capable of helping teams solve a variety of problems related to daylight and energy efficiency. Nevertheless, for non-experts this platform is notoriously difficult to install and use, hence limiting its… more
Abstract:Next generation electron accelerators for research, medical, defense or industrial use are in need of electron sources operating at high repetition rates of 1 MHz and beyond, with normalized emittance of 1 mm-mrad or less and bunch charge as much as one nC or more. In Phase I we will numerically… more
Abstract:Considerable progress has been made in developing promising subsystems for muon beam cooling channels to provide the extraordinary reduction of emittance required for an energy- frontier muon collider. A high-performance front end from the target to the cooling systems have been designed and… more
Abstract:In the electric power industry, power market simulators are widely used by market participants, power system planners, project developers, investors and consulting companies. These simulators are complex, highly CPU intensive, expensive to use and are limited to companies that can afford to pay high… more
Abstract:If the energy resolution of electron energy loss spectroscopy carried out in an electron microscope, with an atom-sized electron probe, could be improved to 10 meV or better, a new way of studying materials at the atomic scale, by recording and analyzing their vibrational energies, would become… more
Abstract:The goal of this SBIR project is to develop a new HPC Turnkey system that can automatically find mathematical invariants in large datasets, and then use those invariants to identify new relationships between datasets of different users. Specific goals are: 1) To compute the fundamental, symbolic… more
Abstract:Advanced manufacturing companies require significant decision-making support to schedule their day-to-day operations. However, there is a significant weakness in todays Optimization-based approaches to scheduling, in that they often suffer from the curse of dimensionality in cases where the… more
Abstract:Fabrication of ODS alloy structures is problematic due to 1) the inability to utilize any liquid- phase process such as casting, welding, laser cladding, etc. 2) grain coarsening caused by traditional heat treatment processes, 3) lack of geometric flexibility with current solid-state fabrication… more
Abstract:The lack of a functional sealing system to isolate various components of a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) remains today as one of the biggest factors inhibiting widespread use of SOFCs. Two criteria severely limit the use of inorganic, non-metallic sealing materials for SOFCs; 1) CTE mismatches of… more
Abstract:Proposed is the development of a non-contact spectral response (Quantum Efficiency) system capable of monitoring critical process parameters in the solar manufacturing line. The development will leverage Tau Science Corporations extensive experience in photovoltaic metrology and its proprietary… more
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