Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Infrared neural stimulation (INS) is a novel technology that holds promise for increasing the number of independent channels in neuroprostheses. A complementary technology to electrical stimulation (ES), INS has been used in the cochlea, vestibular system,… more
Abstract:Accurate synthetic scene generation is a critical capability required to support sensor development, software and hardware in-the-loop testing and pre-flight test analysis. Current \acIR scene generation codes such as \acFLITES and its predecessor \acCHAMP are excellent tools for creating… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: MZA partnered with Kratos/DFI proposes development, optimization, subscale wind tunnel testing/validation, and target engagement simulations for an aircraft pod with forward and aft-looking laser beam directors employing integrated flow control. Using CFD simulations, we will consider… more
Abstract:The DOE Systems Biology Knowledgebase (Kbase) was envisioned to provide a framework to support modeling of dynamic cellular processes of microorganisms, plants and metacommunities. The Kbase will provide the tools and data to permit rapid iteration of experiments that draw on a variety of data types… more
Abstract:The proposed research incorporates several inventions to produce structural components that are assembled into a highly enhanced Toxic Material Forensic Container (TMFC) for transport and storage of contaminated articles. Bio-hazardous materials are frequently encountered in investigations, and the… more
Abstract:A new type of solid oxide fuel cell based on thin film technology and ultra-thin electrolyte is being proposed to develop to realize major reductions in fuel cell size, weight, and operating temperature, while significantly increasing power density. The thin film fuel cell is comprised of a… more
Abstract:There is a need for an infrared window material that can replace single crystal sapphire in airborne applications. In order to do so, the alternate must possess optical transmission, optical scatter, mechanical strength, and mechanical stiffness comparable to sapphire while costing significantly… more
Abstract:A key technology enabler for next generation EMI shielding applications is low loss, lightweight, flexible, conductive carbon nanotube (CNT) tape. The primary goal of this effort is to determine the optimal geometry for a CNT based EMI shield to provide equivalent shielding effectiveness of cable… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The ability to track and identify personnel, vehicles, and equipment is becoming an increasingly important component of military missions. A number of taggants that can be covertly attached to a target have recently been developed. To increase the operational advantage provided by… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project aims to develop Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) nanotags for diagnostic and security applications. A novel class of SERS tags that exhibit much higher performance than other tag formulations were demonstrated. This novel class… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Structural fiber-reinforced composites can experience subcritical damage in the form of delamination, matrix cracking, or fiber breaks well before final failure. During the Phase I research we will improve a proven self-healing polymer matrix via the addition of carbon nanotubes (CNTs). … more
Abstract:Pyrotechnic and pyrophoric IR decoy flares protect military aircraft from IR seeking surface-to-air missiles by closely mimicking the electromagnetic signature of the aircraft in order to divert the missile from its target. Pyrophoric based decoys have advantages over pyrotechnic technology in that… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The current SBIR Phase I proposal addresses a need for the rapid and simple sample preparation of genomic DNA from human saliva and blood through a novel technology: microscale tip enrichment probes that employ electric fields and capillary action. With the… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Robust optical coatings are of great importance across a broad spectrum of applications. Hard, durable, stress-free coatings are needed and used in everything from ophthalmic polymers to infrared optics. One of the principal shortcomings of typical inorganic oxide, nitride, and sulfide… more
Abstract:Originally designed for space applications, multi-junction solar cells have a high overall power conversion efficiency (>30%) which compares favorably to amorphous silicon, CIGS and bulk heterojunction photovoltaic devices which are limited to<10%. Recent advances in manufacturing of Inverted… more
Abstract:Nanohmics proposes the integration of two major paradigms to optimize and improve current EVA communication systems. To address the implementation of tunable front-end transceivers, nanoimprint methodologies will be used to create nanoscale dimensions sub-systems designed to fit flexible printed… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Nanohmics Inc., working in collaboration with Professor Gennady Shvets at the University of Texas at Austin, proposes to develop a handheld tactical imaging system for tunable band imaging based on a sensor array that can be fabricated directly on silicon, but uses a novel detection… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Nanohmics is proposing a technology development program that will result in infrared optical components (windows, lenses, and domes) that have high-performance broadband anti-reflection, large angle-of-regard, and anti-erosion properties. The underlying technology is based on a new… more
Abstract:Wavefront sensors for adaptive-optics systems have traditionally been used in conditions where atmospheric turbulence is relatively weak and concentrated near the pupil of the optical system. Recently, the need to perform adaptive optics compensation for strong and distributed turbulence has kindled… more
Abstract:High Altitude High Opening (HAHO) parachute insertions are a clandestine means of delivering soldiers and equipment into hostile territory. HAHO operations involve complex planning and integration of dynamic geographic, meteorological, and tactical data. For example, changes in the wind altitude… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project aims to develop a diameter refined semiconducting single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) to address the challenge of bandgap heterogeneity in semiconducting SWNTs. The plan is to utilize the latest advances in SWNT separation including… more
Abstract:NASA faces difficulties in imaging and characterizing faint astrophysical objects within the glare of brighter stellar sources. Achieving a very low background requires control of both scattered and diffracted light. Aligned arrays of carbon nanotubes have recently been recognized as having… more
Abstract:The maintenance of bearings and rod ends is critical for rotary and fixed wing aircraft. There is currently no indicator or feedback mechanism in place for the maintenance crew to determine the remaining life or state of the liner. NanoLab, Security Technology Systems, and New Hampshire Ball Bearing… more
Abstract:As part of the spacesuit pressure garment, the EVA glove incorporates a silicone pad on the palm for protection of the bladder from cuts and punctures. Repeated gripping and rotational motion cause delamination of the silicone pad from the underlying Vectran® fabric. In addition, frequent scuffing… more
Abstract:Composite cryotanks, or Composite Overwrapped Pressure Vessels (COPVs), offer advantages over currently used aluminum-lithium cryotanks, particularly with respect to weight savings. Future NASA missions are expected to use COPVs in spaceflight propellant tanks to store fuels, oxidizers, and other… more
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