Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Dental caries, commonly known as tooth decay, is a serious health problem all over the world, and is one of the most common infectious diseases in humans. Dental plaque, a biofilm community growing on the tooth surface,can harbor organisms that cause dental… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This project aims at developing the Orion microscope system, a highly innovative combined software/hardware product, which will facilitate automated investigations of dynamics of migration of neuronal precursors and neurite outgrowth in vitro using time-lapse… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Neuromorphologic analyses at the light microscopic level have significantly contributed to our understanding of the function and pathology of the brain. We propose to develop an integrated commercial product for providing automatic, immediate feedback about the… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In this Lab to Marketplace proposal, we aim to develop the MBF SpineStudio software incorporating the innovative, laboratory-based NeuronStudio software created at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine. Our SpineStudio software will enable automated detection,… more
Abstract:Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) present one of the most promising choices for the future of distributed power generation as they produce energy from a wide variety of fuels with high efficiencies (45-65 %) and low pollution; however, this technology is cost prohibitive and not widely used. The use of… more
Abstract:Based on Microcosm's development of a high delta-V small Earth observation spacecraft called NanoEye, with a planned recurring cost of $2 million, Microcosm will develop a new class of very low cost, light weight, extremely capable spacecraft for NASA science and exploration missions, from… more
Abstract:We propose to develop a high-efficiency, triple-junction, epitaxial lift-off (ELO) solar cell by incorporating quantum dots (QDs) within the current-limiting subcell. We intend to leverage existing QD epitaxy processes developed by the Rochester Institute of Technology and combine this with… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: MicroLink will develop a high-efficiency, flexible photovoltaic blanket, which will reduce solider borne weight by reducing battery requirements. The photovoltaic blanket will combine ultra-thin, flexible high-efficiency, GaAs-based multi-junction solar cells, made using MicroLink"s… more
Abstract:With recent advances in MicroLink's inverted metamorphic (IMM) multijunction epitaxial lift off (ELO) solar cells, new opportunities for solar cell packaging are possible that leverage the inherent physical flexibility of these high efficiency solar cells. Novel photovoltaic (PV) blankets can… more
Abstract:Very large solar arrays to power future solar electric propulsion systems will require a new generation of solar cells that are not only high efficiency, but also light weight and significantly lower cost than existing multijunction solar cells based on Ge substrates. The large volume of solar cells… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The innovation in this proposed Phase I SBIR program is the development of a new type of top subcell for a novel, all-lattice-matched multijunction solar cell. The proposed structure will achieve a much higher end-of-life power conversion efficiency, in conjunction with a greatly… more
Abstract:Conventional indoor environmental monitoring technologies are expensive, cumbersome to install and maintain, and do not provide the distributed granularity required to capture the necessary details for efficient energy management of commercial buildings. Developments in wireless sensor networks… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Structural monitoring of the landing gear of fixed and rotary wing aircraft is of critical importance to the Air Force. These structures are subjected to repeated large dynamic loads that are highly variable in nature. In order to track these structures"fatigue over time, the… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This is a proposal to conduct a multi-center, double-blind, sham-controlled partial cross-over interventional study to test safety and efficacy of our novel tinnitus therapy. The tinnitus field generally accepts that elevated synchronous spontaneous activity in… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The U.S. Air Force has identified out-of-autoclave (OoA) materials as vital to achieving fast and affordable manufacturing for future military platforms. OoA materials are anticipated to deliver a 30-40% cost advantage over conventional autoclave materials, however several hurdles remain… more
Abstract:Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) are being transformed from stand-alone assets to nodes in a network of interconnected knowledgeable entities in the operating environment working to enhance decision-making and collaboration in intelligence collection and precision strike missions. There is a… more
Abstract:A MEMS GyroCompass is proposed which utilizes two novel mechanizations for achieving drift-free sensor operation and for simultaneously detecting North and Azimuth to the target. The unit is expected to be smaller than an iPhone and easily mountable on a hand-held laser range finder. Its operation… more
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to design and develop UHF Satellite communications (SATCOM) circular polarized antennas using advanced metamaterials to achieve high gain performance with smaller dimensions (i.e., size and weight). The metamaterials we propose belong to a class of… more
Abstract:Naval aircrafts are covered with many antennas for VHF/UHF Line-of-sight communications, UHF SATCOM, L-band, and GPS functions. The blade type antennas employed have limited bandwidths. Low-profile cavity-backed antennas will require hull penetration inside the aircraft. Thus, the objective of this… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The military have been challenged to find ways of effectively shielding sensitive electronic equipment from electromagnetic interference (EMI) without adding a lot of weight to satellites (the more massive they are, the more fuel they need to achieve orbit). Copper wiring comprises… more
Abstract:The Department of Defense is continually looking for opportunities to reduce the weight of fixed-wing aviation assets. Reduced weight translates to a number of significant economic and operational benefits. One area of significant opportunity for increased weight savings is wiring, which is based on… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Carbon nanotubes form conductive composites at such low loading ratios and thus could be a key component in EMI shielding and conductors for lightweight aircraft wiring. Compared to conventional metal-based materials, electrically conducting polymer composites has attracted interest due… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project proposes to develop novel approaches to water treatment that cost-effectively remove inorganic disinfection byproducts (DBPs) in water. These DBPs, known as oxyhalides, are typically associated with standard water disinfection methods but can… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as a promising new class of therapeutics for cancer. miRNAs are small, non-coding RNAs that determine cell fate by post-transcriptionally regulating the expression of a broad but nevertheless specific set of genes. miRNAs can… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Mirna Therapeutics, a Texas-based company, is developing non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) therapies using tumor suppressor miRNAs. This approach, miRNA replacement therapy , is based on the concept that re-introduction of miRNAs depleted in cancer cells… more
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