Abstract:About 1,700 million tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) were emitted from 572 coal-fired power plants in 2012 in the U.S. To reduce the CO2 emissions, CO2 capture and sequestration processes need to be implemented. In addition to CO2, these plants produce more than 72 million tons of fly ash per year,… more
Abstract:This Phase I project aims at converting the biodiesel plant waste crude glycerol to a low cost and high value biobased green gasoline using a novel technology. In biodiesel production, crude glycerol comprises around 10 weight % of the products. Crude glycerolisa waste stream and afinancial and… more
Abstract:Renewable energy resources are being adopted by government entities, utility power providers and more recently by industrial behind-the-meter end-users as well. Solar power is attractive especially in areas where electricity costs are high, such as California and New Jersey. New Jersey is… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: During this program, United Silicon Carbide, Inc. (USCi) will develop basic analog and digital circuit blocks capable of operation up to 500oC, based on 4H-SiC complementary lateral JFET technology. The following integrated circuits will be designed (i) operational amplifier; (ii) voltage… more
Abstract:Current lighting technologies are relatively energy inefficient and heavy resulting in considerable energy consumption, particularly in aircraft interiors. Organic light-emitting diode (OLED), potentially an inexpensive diffuse source, may compete directly with conventional lights, and also with… more
Abstract:Organic light-emitting diode (OLED), potentially an inexpensive diffuse source, may compete directly with conventional lights, and also with inorganic electroluminescent lamps in energy efficient diffuse lighting applications. A key challenge for improving device efficiency is to extract more of the… more
Abstract:Each day, 380 children die from measles virus mostly in developing countries because of the high cost and limited access to vaccines. To address this challenge, a vaccine for measles that is inexpensive, easy to administer, and can be maintained without refrigeration should be developed. Our… more
Abstract:The objective will be to develop nano-scale coatings for protection of electronics and other sensitive items from seawater and fresh water. A thorough analysis of various commercial and academic superhydrophobic nanoscale coatings will be conducted for protection of electronics from salt fog,… more
Abstract:UtopiaCompression and MC10 put forth a novel solution for continuous monitoring of hemorrhage in the battlefield to improve survivability while reducing cost to the military. We propose advances in both physiological diagnostic intelligence and associated physiological sensors systems for a complete… more
Abstract:UtopiaCompression and team put forth a novel solution for medical diagnostics and continuous monitoring of combat casualties in the battlefield to improve survivability while reducing cost to the military. We propose advances in both physiological diagnostic intelligence and associated physiological… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Mid-air collisions (MAC) in manned aircrafts primarily occur when one aircraft overtakes another. In the case of remotely piloted aircrafts (RPA), their small size, slower cruise speeds and climb rates exacerbate the probability of their involvement in a MAC. Therefore, there exists a… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: As vision systems are continuously increasing their quantity and capabilities for capturing aerial imagery, they have widely integrated in autonomous systems to determine the geo-location of objects. The vision-based geo-location systems have found their applications in many aspects, such… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Intelligent cooperative controller capable of continuous learning from offline and online experience is of sustained interest for a team of for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to execute complex missions in a dynamic environment. Current cooperative control technologies lack learning… more
Abstract:Technological advances have significantly increased the complexity and speed of most operational environments resulting in escalating pressure on warfighters. There is an acute need for improved technologies to train and assess warfighters'cognition skills related to high-level tasks such as… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) need regular and more flexible access to civil airspace to enhance existing training capabilities and to improve the logistics of transporting UAS. To qualify for unrestricted access to civil airspace, UAS need the capability to Sense and Avoid (SAA) both… more
Abstract:Vadum proposes to create a novel telemetry data compression/decompression system, SCoCD (Sparse Compression on Complete Dictionaries) with very low latency, very high compression rate, and very low distortion. The system will allow lossless compression, and can be tuned for each type of data stream… more
Abstract:In this research effort, Vadum will demonstrate the feasibility of a machine learning approach to address the problem of debris mitigation and improve multiple target discrimination. This algorithm is a very fast, highly accurate multi-class approach based upon the concepts of bagging (bootstrap… more
Abstract:Vadum proposes a feasibility study to define the next generation power amplifier for the Special Operations Forces (SOF) warfighter. This program will deliver extended bandwidth, more complex waveform capability, longer battery life, higher field reliability, and wide compatibility across radio… more
Abstract:In this program Vadum will develop a radar system capable of linear and nonlinear detection schemes for electronics detection (E-Det) and a linear Forward Looking Ground Penetrating Radar (FLGPR). The radar designed in this effort will leverage existing Vadum linear and nonlinear radar sensors for… more
Abstract:In this research effort, Vadum will evaluate multiple classification techniques to mitigate the effects of corrupted measurements from the new scanning receivers in the SLQ-32 electronic warfare suite. Vadum will create an Automated Optimization Environment (AOE) to train three advanced… more
Abstract:The Vadum electronically steered phased array system generates high RF (radio frequency) power at C-band without TWTAs (traveling wave tube amplifiers) and delivers that power to the target without requiring a lossy output combiner. This approach addresses existing TWTA challenges while… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The proposed project is a Phase I STTR collaboration between Vala Sciences Inc, a small business that specializes in the development of cell-based high content/high throughput assays, and the Sanford Burnham Medical Research Institute, a worldwide leader in… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Monitoring physiology of individual cardiomyocytes in high throughput has not been reported. The inability to perform high throughput physiological measurements limits many basic and applied studies, including the use of stem cell derived cardiomycoytes in… more
Abstract:Congenital cardiac defects (CCDs) are among the most common birth defects and fetal cardiac defects likely contribute to miscarriages, which terminate up to 25% of all pregnancies. Environmental factors may influence up to 80% of all CCDs, but little is known about how chemicals from the environment… more
Abstract:The technical objectives from the original solicitation are presented below, along with a brief discussion relevant to the Neural Crest Cell Migration assay. 1) Develop a working assay in a 384 microwell format (the Phase II objective will be to adapt the assay to the 1536 well format). Cells… more
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