Abstract:Use of high-concentrate diets in cattle production is a common practice in the United States to maximize production efficiency, enhance meat quality, and minimize meat and milk cost of production. Transition from high-fiber to high-concentrate diets is challenging and put the animals at risk for… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Recent demand for broadband satellite communications (SATCOM) has risen sharply for both the defense and commercial sectors. Tactical SATCOM, such as WGS, AEHF, and GBS, require increasingly high capacity to support DoD's C4ISR requirements, while on the other hand, civilian… more
Abstract:The long-term objective of this project is to develop an ultrasound contrast agent for detecting and characterizing vulnerable plaque. Vulnerable plaque is responsible for myocardial infarction and stroke. Early detection of vulnerable plaque would enableintervention to be performed before heart… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a highly aggressive, malignant brain tumor widely known to be hypoxic and hypoxia is an important factor in the poor response of GBM to treatment. The most common therapy for GBM is surgical excision followed by fractionated RT +… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Ovarian cancer is a highly lethal gynecologic cancer with an estimated 21,860 new cases and approximately 13,850 deaths in the USA per year. A large majority of the patients, cancer reoccurs after initial treatment and manifest resistance to conventional and… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Solar arrays play a key role in the operation of spacecrafts and unmanned aerial vehicles. Traditionally, inorganic semiconductor based solar arrays have been used for space applications because of their highest efficiencies. However, these solar arrays have several major limitations like… more
Abstract:Worldwide there are a number of synchrotron beamlines dedicated to resonant soft x-ray inelastic scattering. There are also new beamlines currently being designed to take advantage of improved third generation synchrotron radiation sources and this powerful experimental technique for probing… more
Abstract:The effectiveness of synchrotron radiation science is being hindered by the limited availability of advanced detectors. This is due to the limited deployment of existing detectors as well as limited development effort to provide new advanced capabilities. As synchrotron radiation experiments become… more
Abstract:Unlike raw wood pellets, energy dense torrefied biomass pellets or briquettes share important traits with coal which make them a promising alternative clean fuel to use directly in coal plants. They are brittle (not fibrous, like raw pellets), so they can be pulverized just like coal before being… more
Abstract:The Department of Energy and other federal agencies have made significant investments in software performance engineering tools, which can be complex and difficult to use. Novice users first encountering a tools complexity and vast array of features are intimidated and easily frustrated. There is… more
Abstract:Numerical simulations of chemical kinetics are a critical component of aerospace research, Earth systems research, and energy research. These simulations enable a better understanding of the evolution of chemical species over time in domains as diverse as climate and weather prediction, combustion… more
Abstract:The use of advanced ceramic materials, such as silicon carbide, for light water reactor fuel cladding is being investigated, in part due to the increased safety margin afforded by this technology over conventional zircaloy metallic claddings. In light of the Fukushima events, safety concerns have… more
Abstract:525 Solutions will manufacture highly economical and biodegradable uranium-from-seawater sorbents from fishing industry waste, and provide them to government-designated mining companies, at the same time leveraging the governmental funds to create a sustainable chitin products business, enabling… more
Abstract:Brayton Energy is a developer of turbomachinery systems, specializing in gas turbines, turbojets, turbochargers, and turbo-compounding equipment. In the proposed program, Brayton will design and bench-test the critical elements of novel single-shaft turbocharger with integral motor/alternator… more
Abstract:Molten salt heat transfer fluid a desirable upgrade to solar plant designs because of its superior temperature, thermal, and pumping properties compared to steam or heat transfer oil. It is non- hazardous to the environment, not flammable, and easy to transport and clean up. It is advantageous for… more
Abstract:At NOVATIO Engineering, our solution to this problem is practical, novel, proven at a smaller scale and now demonstrated at the 3 kW size range: conversion of a commercial lightweight gasoline generator to operate with diesel fuel or JP-8 in spark ignition mode. Prior to this Phase I SBIR effort,… more
Abstract:A development program is proposed for a design automation software package that enables the generation of complex surfaces, with user defined or automated definition of point charge and hydrophobic/hydrophilic properties, using DNA origami as a presentation substrate. Building upon Parabon"s… more
Abstract:The recent use of organophosphate (OP) nerve agents against combatants and civilians in Syria has validated the importance of developing new drugs and biologics that sequester and catalytically degrade organophosphate (OP) nerve agents in the body before they cause morbidity and mortality. We… more
Abstract:The broader impact/commercial potential of this Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) project is the development of a screening method to reliably identify binding agents that can be used to target drugs to specific tissues or cell types. Targeting drugs can increase their effectiveness and… more
Abstract:PrivaTran proposes to develop a semi-active laser (SAL) receiver read-out integrated circuit (ROIC) with interface to government furnished equipment (GFE) sensor arrays for advanced dual-band SAL receiver systems. Large-area focal plane array (FPA) technology and the PrivaTran ROIC provide high… more
Abstract:Integrated circuits in NASA spacecraft and Robotic Exploration Technologies that enable exploration of the solar system planets, moons and small bodies must operate over large temperature extremes and mitigate radiation effects that can result in upset or destruction of devices. Development of a… more
Abstract:Deployable Space Systems, Inc. (DSS) will focus the proposed SBIR Phase 2 program on the development and demonstration of an automated robotic manufacturing infrastructure designed to mass-produce DSS's Integrated Modular Blanket Assembly (IMBA) common photovoltaic Standard Power Modules… more
Abstract:Deployable Space Systems, Inc. (DSS), in partnership with MOLLC will focus the proposed NASA Phase 2 effort on the development and demonstration of our innovative Multi-A.U. SOLAROSA technology. SOLAROSA, named for Stretched Optical Lens Architecture on Roll-Out Solar Array, is a new lightweight,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The field of green chemistry was established in order to reduce or even eliminate any negative impact from the introduction of new chemical products such as new pesticides, cosmetics, or drugs to human health or the environment. Unfortunately, current approaches… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This proposal involves the incorporation of a proprietary nitric oxide (NO) releasing polymer material (NORL) into a venous catheter to reduce infection and clotting. Low levels of NO released by the normal endotheliuminhibit platelet adhesion and activation,… more
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