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Total Vehicle Mobile X-Ray Scanner

Description:

OBJECTIVE: Develop a real time mobile X-Ray scanning and diagnostics device that can quickly scan an entire vehicle in near real time in order to determine if any explosive devices are present.

DESCRIPTION: Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosives Devices (VBIEDs) are the choice weapons of terrorists that threaten the security of a society. To counter this threat, the First Responders and other law enforcement personnel need Diagnostic Imaging tools to make a determination of the contents of the suspicious object without endangering the lives of the First Responders and security personnel. Current COTS (Commercially-Off-The Shelf) Mobile X-ray Scanners are truck mounted and neither suited for use in tight spaces or between parked cars to scan for vehicle bombs nor autonomous. The scanners also have a very small imaging area that makes them unsuitable for effectively scanning large objects. Screening vehicles for threats using X-Ray technology is a tedious and time consuming effort for bomb technicians. When responding to a possible vehicle bomb, a bomb technician’s current options include manually opening the vehicle or using techniques that physically intrude upon the vehicle possibly resulting in physical damage to the vehicle. Bomb technicians require a means of determining the contents of a car or truck without physically opening or breaking into the vehicle. Three-dimensional mapping of vehicle contents is also desired.
The mobile Total Vehicle X-Ray Scanner would fill this capability gap by providing bomb squads the ability to conduct rapid mobile screening of vehicles and identifying explosive threats in near real time. Images will be of diagnostic resolution able to identify the threats listed above, will be sent to a mobile control box/screen operated by a bomb technician positioned a safe distance from the scanning area. The system can be used by public safety bomb squads, law enforcement and other first responders operating at the scene to scan suspicious vehicles that have a maximum height of 83 inches. The mobile platform needs to be remotely controlled, and must be maneuverable in tight spaces. The system will also improve the safety of first responders by allowing them to remotely control the device, providing a safe distance between themselves and the target being examined.
All operations must be remotely controlled by a wireless link, an optical fiber, or an Ethernet cable. The system is battery operated and can be driven around using a standard game pad. In the event the game pad is lost or damaged, all operations including driving and deployment can be performed by keys on a laptop. The image of the scanned object is displayed real-time on the laptop screen.
This scanning system will be designed to communicate with the laptop over a standard Wi-Fi link. In situations where there is radio frequency interference, an optical fiber can be used to communicate between the laptop and the scanner. The optical fiber is provided on a spool and unwraps as the scanner drives away.

PHASE I: Conduct and deliver a feasibility study to determine the most suitable option and establish requirements for the development of a Total Vehicle X-ray Scanning device. This includes initial design drawings and a list of materials needed.

PHASE II: Develop and delivera Total Vehicle X-Ray Scanner prototype. Images must be of sufficient diagnostic quality and resolution to clearly identify all components of an IED to include power sources, detonators, circuit boards, and wires.

PHASE III: COMMERCIAL OR GOVERNMENT APPLICATIONS: The Total Vehicle Mobile X-Ray Scanner would be a commercially available tool for bomb technicians at all levels of government whether federal, state or local as well as the private sector.

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