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Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 2R42CA122715-03
Agency Tracking Number: CA122715
Amount: $2,236,920.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: PHS2007-2
Solicitation Year: 2008
Award Year: 2008
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): N/A
Award End Date (Contract End Date): N/A
Small Business Information
Gaithersburg, MD 20878
United States
DUNS: 616684036
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 () -
Business Contact
Phone: (301) 977-7900
Research Institution

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Because of the long history of the use of formalin as the standard fixative for tissue processing in histopathology, there are a large number of archival formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue banks worldwid
e. These FFPE tissue collections, with attached clinical and outcome information, present invaluable resources for conducting retrospective protein biomarker investigations. In addition to sample amount constraints imposed by current proteome techniques in
cluding two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and multidimensional liquid chromatography system, the lack of optimized methodologies for retrieving proteins from FFPE tissues further restricts the ability to perform the molecular analysis of a
rchival tissues. By collaborating with Drs. Shan-Rong Shi and Clive R. Taylor from the University of Southern California (USC) Keck School of Medicine during the R41 Phase I studies, the combination of antigen retrieval (AR) with Gemini proteomic technolog
ies not only accomplished the rigorous evaluation of the quality and the reproducibility of proteins retrieved from FFPE tissues for the optimization of AR methodology, but also demonstrated significant opportunities in the pursuit of biomarker discovery u
sing archived FFPE tissue collections. The proposed synergistic efforts between Calibrant and the USC team during the R42 Phase II project aim to generate proteotypic peptide libraries among model and tumor FFPE tissues. These proteotypic peptide libraries
represent the first step toward globally cataloging antigens retrievable from FFPE tissues and presenting the available epitope database for subsequent immunohistochemistry (IHC) antibody development. Besides providing guidelines for practitioners of IHC
to select the optimized AR condition/antibody combination, the comparative proteomic and validation studies involving the use of proteotypic peptide libraries and associated antibodies will provide further enhancements in the reproducibility and the sensit
ivity of quantitative IHC measurements. The demand for quantitative IHC continues to escalate due to the widespread utilization of IHC in clinical diagnosis/prognosis and translational cancer research. Furthermore, the greatest expectations for targeted pr
oteomics research using enriched and selected cells from high quality specimens reside in the identification of diagnostic, prognostic, and predictive biological markers in the clinical setting and during preclinical testing and clinical trials, as well as
the discovery and validation of new protein targets in the biopharmaceutical industry. The Critical Path Opportunity Report released by FDA in March 2006 not only serves as the first specific blueprint for the Critical Path Initiative, an effort to stream
line the drug-approval process by applying new strategies and technologies, but also highlights biomarker development as one of the most important areas for improving medical product development. Public Health Relevance Statement: By joining Cali
brant's unique tissue proteome capabilities with the expertise of Dr. Clive R. Taylor at the University of Southern California in antigen retrieval-immunohistochemistry, the proposed research not only aims to evaluate and optimize quantitative immunohistoc
hemistry measurements through the creation of proteotypic peptide libraries, but also focuses on further development and demonstration of a novel biomarker discovery paradigm for enabling comprehensive and comparative proteomic analysis of archived formali
n-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue collections in support of cancer research, diagnosis, and treatment.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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