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Weld Penetration Control

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 26714
Amount: $99,726.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Solicitation Year: N/A
Award Year: 1994
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): N/A
Award End Date (Contract End Date): N/A
Small Business Information
P.o. Box 128015
Nashville, TN 37212
United States
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 Robert Barnett
 (615) 383-8877
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution

A novel approach for controlling weld bead penetration is proposed. The methodology is distinguished from past techniques by use of: 1) a new and more accurate model of the weld pool dynamic behavior, 2) an improved method of sensing the weld pool oscillations, 3) a more efficient method of weld pool excitation, and 4) a model-based relation of pool dynamics, weld pool geometry, and equipment parameter settings. Application of the proposed technique allows control of the weld bead penetration in both the full and partial penetration cases. The proposed weld pool dynamic model uses a droplet formulation for describing the pool oscillation, in contrast purpose. The optical sensing methodology uses an improved sensor for increased signal quality and amplitude. Two techniques for implementing and controlling the excitation of the weld pool are outlined in the proposal. In both cases the pool is continuously excited at its natural resonant frequency and the excitation frequency changes. Excitation at the resonant frequency alows maximum excitation with minimum input energy. In addition to its proposed use for weld penetration monitoring and control, the resonant oscillations caused by the system can be used to enhance pool stirring and thus control other aspects of the weld, such as grain size and orientation. This system would be particularly applicable to the rigorous control requirements necessary for the welding of exotic alloys used in aircraft and aerospace construction. Anticipated Benefits: The proposed techniques can be implemented as generic weld penetration monitoring devices, making automatic penetration control feasible and practical. The utility of such devices is very broad and can be utilized in a variety of commercial applications.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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