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New Class of Bright, Sharp, Tunable Red/Far-Red Fluorophores for Flow Cytometry

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R41EB020470-01
Agency Tracking Number: R41EB020470
Amount: $224,999.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: NIBIB
Solicitation Number: PA14-072
Timeline
Solicitation Year: 2015
Award Year: 2015
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2015-05-01
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2016-10-31
Small Business Information
2 DAVIS DR, STE 204
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-0003
United States
DUNS: 078769570
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 JAMES PITNER
 (919) 383-4891
 b_pitner@earthlink.net
Business Contact
 RUSSELL THOMAS
Phone: (919) 354-1053
Email: russell@nirvanasciences.com
Research Institution
 NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY RALEIGH
 
RALEIGH, NC 27695-0001
United States

 Nonprofit college or university
Abstract

DESCRIPTION provided by applicant Polychromatic flow cytometry FC is one of the most powerful analytical techniques used in immunology basic research and clinical medicine In basic research FC is a primary tool for understanding disease development at the cellular and subcellular levels In the rapidly developing field of immunotherapy FC is an indispensable tool for monitoring the effectiveness of new therapies and identifying key cellular subpopulations using multiple biomarkers within a panel It plays a critical role in several growing clinical applications in disease management in HIV positive patients leukemia and lymphoma immunophenotyping for diagnosis and sub categorization and in HLA typing for transplantation cross matching Increasing the number of spectrally distinct fluorophores for analysis of a single sample will give researchers greater flexibility and give clinicians a higher level of accuracy in the diagnosis and management of pediatric hematological disorders where sample size is limited and for specimens with low cell numbers such as those derived from fine needle aspiration laparoscopy core biopsy and cerebrospinal fluid Due to these small sample sizes there are often insufficient cell numbers for multiple panels Improvements in optics and lasers have driven the recent introduction of new fluorophores for FC Yet most of these new reagents have broad and often overlapping emission profiles much like traditional fluorophores Overlapping spectra can be resolved by the combined use of bandpass filters and mathematical compensation overlap subtraction which increase experimental error reduce sensitivity and limit multiplexing NIRvana Sciences Inc proposes to develop the first five members of a palette of water soluble conjugatable bright emission wavelength tunable chlorin fluorophores characterized by sharp narrow emission bands in the red to far red region upon excitation by the commonly used violet laser nm The new fluorophores are based upon a well developed platform technology enabled by concise versatile synthetic routes to chlorins with the following features photo and thermal stability rational control of excitation and emission band positions additional substitution for water solubility and bioconjugation This proposal includes Synthesis of five water soluble distinct chlorins Optimization of chlorin conjugation to antibodies Optimization of FC laser and filter sets for chlorin reagents and Evaluation and comparison of chlorin reagents to Quantum Dots in a polychromatic FC panel These new chlorin fluorophores will increase the number of spectrally resolvable colors that can be used in polychromatic FC with a minimal need for compensation between colors thereby enhancing the ability of researchers in immunology oncology and cell biology to perform more sophisticated experiments They will also fill an important unmet need in clinical applications by enabling more actionable diagnostic information to be obtained from smaller samples

PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE Flow Cytometry is used routinely for both basic research and clinical diagnostic applications Human blood cancers many types of infectious diseases and autoimmunity are routinely diagnosed using Flow Cytometry The advent of newer sharper dyes in the red to far red spectral region will allow for higher sensitivity smaller sample size highe throughput testing and reduced costs for the diagnosis of these diseases

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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